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Sequence of tenses

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by

Nikki Karl

on 15 July 2016

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Transcript of Sequence of tenses

Sequence of tenses
Past Perfect
What you HAD done
Step 3
-13 Participios Irregulares
Step 2
Step 1
-
Haber
en el presente
Present Perfect
Learning the present perfect
and
the past perfect

My LIfe NOW
My Life BEFORE
I had lived in suburbia for 10 years BEFORE going
to the city!!!
Now, I
have
mov
ed
to the city, I have done lots of fun things. I have met new friends, I have gone to the zoo, I have started a new job.

In suburbia I
had
driven to work every day but here I have taken the subway to avoid traffic.
Haber in the impefect + Past Participle
He
Has
Ha
Hemos
Habéis
Han
I have
You have
You have
He has
She has
We have
Y'all have
They have
Y'all have
abierto
cubierto
hecho
roto
dicho
vuelto
visto
puesto
escrito
muerto
frito
satisfecho
impreso
había
habías
había
habíamos
habían
habíais
I had lived in the suburbs for 10 years before going to the city.
Yo había vivido en los suburbios por diez años antes de ir a la ciudad.
I had
you had
you had
he had
she had
we had
Y'all had
y'all had
they had
tomar ---> tomado
comer ---> comido
pedir ----> pedido
Ahora, Yo he mudado a la ciudad. Yo he hecho muchas cosas divertidas. Yo he conocido nuevos amigos, he ido al zoológico. Yo he empezado un Nuevo trabajo.
En los suburbios yo había conducido al trabajo cada día pero aquí yo he tomado el metro para evitar el tráfico.
Now, I have moved to the city, I have done lots of fun things. I have met new friends, I have gone to the zoo, I have started a new job.
In suburbia I had driven to work every day but here I have taken the subway to avoid traffic.
abrir
cubrir
hacer
romper
decir
morir
escribir
poner
ver
volver
freír
satisfacer
imprimir
Possibly my Life...
It is possible that they have opened a new shoe store here.
Es posible que...
Ellos hayan abierto una zapatería nueva
haber in the subjunctive
+
Past Participle
haya
hayas
haya
hayamos
hayan
Hagan
Cayó
Morirán
Diríamos
Acabamos de resolver
Voy a construir
Quería
Viste
Me visto
pusiste
Hayan hecho
hayas ca
í
do
hayan muerto
hayamos dicho
hayamos resuelto
haya construido
haya querido
hayas visto
me haya vestido
hayas puesto
write the following verbs in the present perfect subjunctive:
Answer these questions as though they have possibly happened:
¿Van a sacar la basura?
¿Van a reciclar las botellas?
¿Va Luisa a dormirse?
¿Van los niños a irse?
¿Va Carlos a llegar temprano?
Es posible que ya la hayan sacado.
Es posible que
ya las hayan reciclado.
Yo dudo que
ya se haya dormido
Es posible que
ya se hayan ido.
Es probable que
ya haya llegado temprano
Present Perfect Subjunctive
Past pariciples can be used with the verb
Estar
Present
estoy
estás
está
estamos
estáis
están
Preterite
estuve
estuviste
estuvo
estuvimos
estuvisteis
estuvieron
the door is open...
la puerta está abierta
When you use the verb estar with a past participle
it acts like an adjective...
and therefore must agree with the noun it modifies
imperfect
estaba
estabas
estaba
estábamos
estabais
estaban
This is different from using a past participle with
Haber
She has opened the door
Ella ha abierto la puerta
ha
o
a
está
a
a
¡Traduzcan!
The television is broken.
She has broken the television.
The girls have returned.
The books are returned...
The food is cooked.
We have cooked the food.
The dished are washed.
I have washed the dishes.
La tele está rota.
Ella ha roto la tele.
Las chicas han vuelto.
Los libros están devueltos...
La comida está cocinada.
Hemos cocinado la comida
He lavado los platos.
Los platos están lavados.
The wrist was covered with a cast.
La muñeca fue cubierta por un yeso.
The books were read in silence.
Los libros fueron leídos en silencio.
a
a
a
a
os
os
os
The passive voice:
What was done.
os
Práctica
I have seen the movie.
They have resolved the problem.
We have lost the book.
You have played well.
He has not slept much.
Now write 5 sentences about what
you
have done today
Yo he visto la película
Ellos han resuelto el problema.
Hemos perdido el libro
Tú has jugado bien.
Él no ha dormido mucho.
Práctica
I had studied a lot.

We had already opened the gift

They had eaten when I arrived

You had broken the window yesterday.

She had asked you to listen many times.
Now tell me what you
had
done before leaving for school today...
What you HAVE done
Haber in Present Tense + Past Participle
FORMULA?
Expresses?
Haber in Present Tense
Regular Past Participles
No Stem-changes inthe Past Participles!
e
e
ar
ado
er
ido
ido
ir
- Participio Pasado
BUT... you have to learn 13 irregular past participles
-AR verbs ---> ADO
-ER/IR verbs ---> IDO
-AR
ado
-ER / -IR
ido
abierto
cubierto
hecho
roto
dicho
vuelto
visto
puesto
escrito
muerto
frito
satisfecho
impreso
abrir
cubrir
hacer
romper
decir
morir
escribir
poner
ver
volver
freír
satisfacer
imprimir
13 participios irregulares
Habl
ado
Beb
ido
Habl
ar................
Beb
er................
Yo había estudiado mucho.
Nosotros ya habíamos abierto el regalo.
Ellos habían comido cuando yo llegué
Tú habías roto la ventana ayer.
Ella te había pedido escuchar muchas veces.
Try translating this using the present perfect and the past perfect:
pretérito perfecto
pluscuamperfecto
Verbs that end in
-EER
-AER
Leer
Caer
need an accent on the
i
in
-ido
....Leído
....Caído
But verbs that end in -uir do NOT get an accent!
incluir
....incluido
El pluscuamperfecto
El pretérito perfecto
Full transcript