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Etruria & Rome

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Sammi Wong

on 15 September 2014

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Transcript of Etruria & Rome

Social Structure
Fabrics
Jewelry, Footwear, & Headdress
Etruria & Rome: C. 800 B.C. - A.D. 400
Culture
Garments
Geographical Area - Etruria
the first Etruscan king of was Lucius Priscus
troubles joining forces with other cities, leading to attacks and eventual downfall
the dominant social class or aristocracy was composed of rich families, both local and from overseas
women seemed to have greater importance in Etruscan society, compared to the Greeks and the Romans
little is known of Etruscan society
Social Structure - Etruria
big civilization, including: families, slaves, and foreigners
only men could identify as citizens
poor, rich, or even middle class
women who were married were responsible for the household and their children
Social Structure - Rome
Thick, heavy, woolen textiles
(often plaid or checkered)
Spun their own linen into fabric
Fabrics dyed in bright colours
Wore gold, ivory, intricately-patterned textiles
Dress trims used colour to symbolize honor and social position
Etruria & Rome
Jasmine, Natalia, & Sammi
unknown origins, though possibly from Asia Minor or native to Italian peninsula
18 fortified cities
dominant, military, aristocratic
most important territories bounded north by Florence and south by Rome
Geographical Area - Rome
the cities of Etruria eventually became part of the growing Roman confederation
Roman-dominated lands include: most of North America, large parts of the Middle East, eastern Europe up to the Danube River, most of continental Europe
in A.D. 395, the two Roman emperors (west and east) split the Empire
the west was deposed by Germans, the east became the Byzantine Empire
Sources - Pictures
Geographical Area
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/87/Etruscan_civilization_map.png
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e8/Map_Kingdom_of_Etruria.jpg
http://www.rome.info/ancient/map/ancientmap.gif
Social Structure
http://static.newworldencyclopedia.org/thumb/7/73/Etruskischer_Meister_001.jpg/459px-Etruskischer_Meister_001.jpg
http://www.mysteriousetruscans.com/tricl4.jpg
http://drstoney.wikispaces.com/file/view/Structure%20in%20the%20Republic.png/361794168/704x506/Structure%20in%20the%20Republic.png
Culture
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d1/Pompeii_family_feast_painting_Naples.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fb/A_competitor_in_the_long_jump,_Black-figured_Tyrrhenian_amphora_showing_athletes_and_a_combat_scene,_Greek,_but_made_for_the_Etruscan_market,_540_BC,_found_near_Rome,_Winning_at_the_ancient_Games,_British_Museum_(7675646408).jpg
http://www.maravot.com/Etruscan_mural_horseman.gif
http://www.crystalinks.com/romeparty.jpg
http://www.crystalinks.com/romefood1.jpg
Fabrics
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/images/h2/h2_04.15.jpg
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_MzM5QwZOIYE/TPUl4Cm4puI/AAAAAAAAb-s/KdFISjw9Xto/s400/3.jpg
http://www.postersguide.com/largeimage/187/1870848.jpg
Garments
http://factsanddetails.com/media/2/20120227-clothes%20-_Costumes_of_All_Nations_(1882)%202%203.jpg
http://www.crystalinks.com/RomeWomenClothing3.jpg
http://www.crystalinks.com/RomeClothingChildren.jpg
http://www.ancientresource.com/images/egyptian/coptic/textile-861216b.jpg
www.redbubble.com
Jewelry, Footwear, & Headdress
http://www.dl.ket.org/latin2/gallery/images/28hair_.jpg
http://www.thecultureconcept.com/circle/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/Etruscan-Jewellery-Set-Met-Museum.jpg
http://media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/e4/6b/2a/e46b2aad9f45a1d798bdc9e15c889e83.jpg
http://media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/da/07/8e/da078e4ab9abb9f4d59a56a2f0b51d3f.jpg
http://img.ehowcdn.com/article-new-thumbnail/ehow/images/a06/q9/sv/ancient-roman-hairstyles-men-1.1-800x800.jpg
http://retromorphosist.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/466px-antinous_mandragone_profil.jpg?w=637
http://historyoffashiondesign.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/rac031.jpg
Frames
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-bFJv0bMdVi8/Uhffo8EK5II/AAAAAAAAUjE/ef64AYI4ijA/s640/Etruscan+Jewlery+Metropolitan+Museum.jpg
http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/etruscan14.gif
http://www.romecabs.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/IMG_2886.jpg
http://www.vroma.org/images/mcmanus_images/gladiators2.jpg
http://photoatelier.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/coins_of_ancient_rome_9.jpg?w=520&h=390
Fabrics - Etruria
Fabrics - Rome
Garments made with
chitons
come directly from the loom
Wool, linen, cotton, felt
Leather, flax, gauze, damask, silk
Greek wool, imported China silk, Indian cotton
Animal skins worn by soldiers
Embroidered trims, bordered patterns
Culture - Etruria
their art showed strong Greek influences
scenes of daily life
women were depicted as dining and appearing with men in public
most art was by local production, but rich Etruscans imported from abroad
athletics were popular as well
chariot- and horse-racing, boxing, wrestling, running, discus, javelin throwing
Culture - Rome
Roman art includes: architecture, painting, sculptures, mosaics
luxury objects in metalwork, gem engraving, ivory carvings, glass
monuments were designed to be utilitarian, moreso than aesthetic
paintings: animals, still life, portraits, mythology
sculptures: portrait, historic, sarcophagi
literature: epics, epigrams, prose
music: tuba, cornu, aulos, askaules, cithara, lyre, lute, organ
food: ientaculum (breakfast), lunch, cena (dinner)
activities: handball, gambling, fishing, hunting, gladiators, dinner parties, Circus Maximus
Sources - Information
http://www.penn.museum/documents/publications/expedition/PDFs/27-2/Vellucci.pdf
http://www.crystalinks.com/romeculture.html
http://books.google.ca/books?id=CILWtN-fSG8C&pg=PA11&lpg=PA11&dq=etruria+fabric+garments&source=bl&ots=IL3Xx0Nboq&sig=FlnBqrYivjEijHcR70GubhvHIKg&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6vQQVJXFCMaZjALmtYH4Dg&ved=0CB0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=etruria%20fabric%20garments&f=false
http://www.fashionencyclopedia.com/fashion_costume_culture/The-Ancient-World-Rome/Etruscan-Dress.html
http://www.mariamilani.com/ancient_rome/roman_clothing.htm
http://www.tribunesandtriumphs.org/roman-clothing/roman-clothing-materials.htm
http://www.unrv.com/culture/ancient-roman-clothing.php
http://www.mysteriousetruscans.com/
Garments - Etruria
Traces of their styles discovered through sculptures, pottery, and paintings
Influenced by Grecian style at the end of the 5th century through trade, and by colonies established in south Italy
Their costumes later influenced the Romans
Fineness of the cloth
Not fond of showing nude female figures, expect when influenced by Greek models
Garments - Rome
Jewelry, Footwear, & Headdress - Etruria
footwear: sandals, ankle boots
with an elongated toe that curled upward
hair and head accessories
women would have a single braid or long, flowing tresses
men had short hair and clean-shaven faces
hats made of wool, such as caps or wide brimmed hats
women wore tutulus with a rounded crown
jewelry: necklaces, earrings, decorative brooches
mostly worn for paintings and sculptures
Jewelry, Footwear, & Headdress - Rome
jewelry: rings (also worn by men), bracelets, necklaces, armlets, earrings
footwear: sandals, boots, spider-like shoes
hair and head accessories
wealthy women: curls, braids, artificial hair
since dark hair was common, some women would bleach their hair blonde to appear fashionable
women preferred scarves or palla, instead of hats
men had short hair
women also liked pale skin, red lips, and dark eyebrows
men used makeup cream
FASN 2115 - R10
True or False:

"Etruria's territory eventually increased south near Venice, Italy."

"Roman control expanded once they had won a series of war battles."
True or False
"In Etruria civilizations, some men such as writers thought it was not foolishness of a husband to give their woman a privileged life."

"Under Roman Law slaves could be subjected to summary execution."
True or False
"Most Roman artists were recognized by their work and given compliments by their civilization."
True or False
"The trim of the Etruscan dress used
colour
to symbolize honor and social position"

"An example of the Roman
indutus
is the tunic."
True or False
"Roman civilization preferred blonde hair because it represented purity."
Minimal cut-and-sew, no seam allowances
Clothing represents one's status in social order, gender, and language

Indutus (inner) :
Tunic
: short woolen undergarment for men and women, worn by slaves
Amictus (outer)
Stola
: two rectangular segments of cloth joined at the side by brooch (fibulae) and buttons. The male equivalent is the
toga
.
Palla
: shawl-like fabric that could be worn as a coat, with or without a hood. The male equivalent is the
pallium
.
Thank you!
Full transcript