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Information Overload

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by

Emily Crouch

on 23 March 2017

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Transcript of Information Overload

Why is this webinar necessary?
OBJECTIVE: To provide the knowledge and resources necessary to aid in discerning between biased, fake, and true news sources.
Find AT MINIMUM three separate sources confirming the same facts
Confirm with trusted national & international resources
Stay as close to scholarly & peer reviewed articles as you can
Peer review: leading way to publish academically for over 300 years
How to avoid it: tips, tricks, and tools
6th century AD, Byzantine Empire
Procopius & The Secret History
15th century AD, Trent, Italy
kidnap & murder of an infant, Simonino, and the accusation of the local Jewish community
Late 19th century, United States
William Randolf Hearst, Josef Pulitzer, & the rise of "yellow journalism"
sinking of the USS Maine
outlawing of marijuana
Early 20th century, Europe
Nazi propaganda
1950s - present
the rise of the "tabloid press"
A Real (brief) History of Fake News
Fake News:
Sorting Fact from Fiction
Biased News Sources:
Biased v Fake News: What's the difference?
Resources Used:
only 39% of US adults feel confident that they can identify fake news from real
20% of high-schoolers were able to consistently identify fake news
64% of US adults feel that fake news has caused a great deal of confusion about basic facts
32% say they see completely made up news stories online every day.
statistics taken from PRC survey, 12/2016
A Brief History of Fake News
Biased v Fake News
Fake-Spotting: How to identify inaccurate and made-up news
Avoiding inaccuracy in research: Tips, tricks, and tools
Your Resources:
Prejudiced or partial in favor of one side or the other.
Fake News Sources:
Completely lacking fact, with the goal of swaying the reader, generating revenue, or increasing site foot traffic (likes, shares, etc)
A reader's bias can play into the creation or marketing of fake news.
A reader can unknowingly create "cognitive bias" in research
To help select quality articles and filter out those that have been poorly conceived, designed, and executed with the selection being based upon its research, results, & relevance.
To improve the manuscript whenever possible. (typically, quality and readability)
To check against possible wrongdoing within the scientific community.
Provide editors with evidence to make judgments as to whether articles meet the selection criteria for their magazine/journal/etc.
How to choose your news: TedEd Talk, Damon Brown
Do I still need this webinar??
Results of the quiz!
Snopes.com
Politifact.com
FactCheck.org
Finding Reliable Information Online: Adventures of an Information Sleuth L. Stebbins | NAU Online Library: ZA4230 .S74 2015
Fluency with information technology : skills, concepts, & capabilities- L. Snyder | NAU Online Library: T58.5 .S645 2013
NAU Online Writing Center - Research videos
University of Washington's INFO 198/BIOL 106B
http://callingbullshit.org/index.html
Hillsborough Community College's Masterlist
http://libguides.hccfl.edu/fakenews/evaluatingsources
"Three ways to spot if an image has been manipulated"
https://www.poynter.org/2012/three-ways- to-spot- if-an- image-has- been-manipulated/173387/
6 Tips for Identifying Fake News
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/6-tips- for-identifying-fake-news/
Rita: Speaking of your parents, were they alive, how do you think they'd feel? Proud? Or concerned that your attitude shows, at best a pathological need for attention, at worst a psychotic death wish?

Harry: [looks at the quill's notes] Hey! My eyes aren't "glistening with the ghosts of my past"!
Fake-Spotting: How to identify inaccurate & fake news
Check the metadata
Look for toolmarks (photoshop)
Check object shadows & shading
Google image search
Physical attributes: eyes, limb proportions
Watch out for clones! (real images repurposed out of context)
Articles:
Look at the object proportions
Sun/shadow angles & existence
Physics!
Notice the camera's movement
Be mindful of the clarity
Check the comments (yes, really)
Fake-Spotting: How to identify inaccurate & fake news
Videos:
Photos:
Fake-Spotting: How to identify inaccurate & fake news
*As a last resort only* search "title" + "hoax"
*As a last resort only* search
"title" + "hoax"
Verify the website
domain name
Look at the date
Check the author's credentials
Double check its claims
Check for links & citations
Over-abundance of ads on the website?
No citations, no sources
No bio on writer
No trusted news sources verifying the information
source site: http://yournewswire.com/justin-bieber-shapeshifting/
https://petapixel.com/2016/01/29/nikon-awards-prize-to-badly-shopped-photo-hilarity-ensues/
YES!!
Fake news has real risks,
real consequences, and is a real problem.
(maybe not this particular example)
Presenter: Emily Crouch, March 22, 2017
Points taken & paraphrased from:
"Publishing your work in a journal: Understanding the Peer Review process"
Voight & Hoogenboom, IJSPT
Other media:
How false news can spread:
Noah Tavlin
http://ed.ted.com/lessons/how-false-news-can-spread-noah-tavlin
How social media can make history:
Clay Shirky
http://ed.ted.com/lessons/clay-shirky-how-social-media-can-make-history
How to spot fake news:
Washington Post
http://www.washingtonpost.com/video/national/how-to-spot-fake-news/2016/11/18/60daed34-adb2-11e6-8f19-21a1c65d2043_video.html
Full transcript