Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Conjunctions & prepostions

No description
by

Keeley Don

on 6 March 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Conjunctions & prepostions

Definitions
English and Italian
Italian: English equivalent:
a to, at, in
da of, from, by
di of, by
in in, to
con with
per for
su on
tra/fra between, in (time)

French
Are some of the conjunctions that changes the verb to its subjunctive form.


English and Italian
French
Conjunctions & prepositions
German
German
Conjunctions
A word used to connect clauses or sentences, or to coordinate words in the same clause.
What's the
difference?
and connects two equal clauses.
f.a.n.b.o.y.s
A coordinating conjunction:
In German, certain conjunctions change the word order of the sentence/clause:
ATTENZIONE!
Never assume that the same preposition in English is the same in Italian:
But...
Io vado
a
Roma
Io vado
in
Roma
why?
In italian, you use 'a' for cities and 'in' for countries
Prepositions

Words that shows the relationship of one word (usually a verb, a noun or a pronoun) to another word in the sentence.
They represent:
position
direction
time
le preposizioni

congiunzione
For
and
nor
but
or
so
Prepositions:
Io vado a Italia
Io vado in Italia
For example:
Prepositions:
Prepositions:
Conjunctions:
Conjunctions:
Conjunctions:
In French and Italian they use prepositional articles. This is when a definite article merges with a preposition.

For example:

a' +les= aux (m)
Je suis aux Etats-Unis

In+gli=negli

Sono negli Stati Uniti (m)


Prepositions
normally
indicate:
2. Direction: Mary went
to
school
3. Time:
Before
class, they
went to eat
Watch out for
Different meanings...
She lives
on
the floor above

John was
on
time
WHAT ABOUT THE
POSITION
OF THE
PREPOSITION?
When a preposition in English is placed after its
object
, it is called a
DANGLING PREPOSITION

e.g. The man
to whom
I spoke is Italian.
(very formal!)
spoken English: The man I spoke
to
is Italian
English
ItALIAN
To laugh
at

Ridere
di
('of')
To be married to
essere sposato
con
('with')

whereas...
Sometimes other languages don't use prepositions at all...
Preposition of
position
Preposition of
time
NOT cercare per...
Indicates reason:
Indicates an addition
also, furthermore, as well as
Presents a non-contrasting negative idea ...
Represents opposition/limitation or contradiction:
In contrast, instead, however, nevertheless, otherwise...
Indicates option
yet
Unexpected
outcome, concession
result
Everybody loves the sock puppets
for/because
they sing beautifully.
The sock puppets
also
love baking.
The sock puppets haven't taken any singing lessons,
nor
do they need to.
We want to get a good grade for this presentation,
but
we don't know if we will.
Who is better at singing? Sock Puppets,
or
Enza?
Other singers have tried to imitate their style,
yet
they have not succeeded.
The sock puppets are talented,
so
they will be very famous in the years to come.
Certain prepositions in German can cause the sentence to take a certain case.
For example:

für
(for) will inflict the
accusative case
;
mit
(with) will take the
dative case
and
trotz
(despite) will take the
genitive case
.

There are also some prepositions that can take accusative or dative.

A
case
, in the grammar sense, is the
form
of a
noun, adjective or pronoun
and shows it's relationship with the other words in a sentence.
To look for
To look at
To pay for
cercare
guardare
pagare
1. Position: Paul was
in
the car.
In French some conjunctions change the verb into its subjunctive form.

For example:

à condition que
- provided that
à supposer que
- unless
afin que
- so that
Some conjunctions indicate ‘coordination’ between the elements they join, that is they are used between elements that are the same, like:

two nouns
two adjectives
two adverbs
two verbs...
coordinating conjunctions
:
They signal that the two clauses they join are at the same level – as in, they’re both main clauses or both secondary clauses.

The ‘coordinating’ conjunctions:
‘e’, ‘o’
and
‘ma’,
(and, or and but)
Concerning clauses...
Other conjunctions create subordination.

They work only at clause level, they introduce ‘subordinate’ clauses, that is clauses that are ‘dependent,’ on another clause.


Other conjunctions...
Difference: If the
pink
word brings into the sentence a noun or a pronoun, it’s a preposition. If the
blue
word connects two sentences together, then it’s a conjunction. Biggest clue: If a verb is involved, you are most likely dealing with a conjunction.
1.
After
we ate, we went to the movie. (P)
2. I've been living in Denver
since
last summer. (p)
3. The plane had to land in Stuttgart
because
of the bad weather. (c)
4.
Because
the weather was bad, the plane had to land in Stuttgart. (c)

Examples:
‘perché’, ‘mentre’, ‘quando’
and
‘se’
(because, while, when, if)
E.g.
"weil"
(because)
"dass"
(that) and
"während"
(during/while)
all send the verb to the end of the sentence, compared to its usual place in the second position in the sentence.
A subordinate or dependent clause "depends" on a main or independent clause. It can't exist alone.

subordinate CLAUSES
E.g. Imagine:
"Hello!
Although
it was raining."
"
Although
it was raining, Katie went swimming."
Full transcript