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Conjunctions & prepostions
Transcript of Conjunctions & prepostions
English and Italian
Italian: English equivalent:
a to, at, in
da of, from, by
di of, by
in in, to
tra/fra between, in (time)
Are some of the conjunctions that changes the verb to its subjunctive form.
English and Italian
Conjunctions & prepositions
A word used to connect clauses or sentences, or to coordinate words in the same clause.
and connects two equal clauses.
A coordinating conjunction:
In German, certain conjunctions change the word order of the sentence/clause:
Never assume that the same preposition in English is the same in Italian:
In italian, you use 'a' for cities and 'in' for countries
Words that shows the relationship of one word (usually a verb, a noun or a pronoun) to another word in the sentence.
Io vado a Italia
Io vado in Italia
In French and Italian they use prepositional articles. This is when a definite article merges with a preposition.
a' +les= aux (m)
Je suis aux Etats-Unis
Sono negli Stati Uniti (m)
2. Direction: Mary went
went to eat
Watch out for
the floor above
WHAT ABOUT THE
When a preposition in English is placed after its
, it is called a
e.g. The man
I spoke is Italian.
spoken English: The man I spoke
To be married to
Sometimes other languages don't use prepositions at all...
NOT cercare per...
Indicates an addition
also, furthermore, as well as
Presents a non-contrasting negative idea ...
Represents opposition/limitation or contradiction:
In contrast, instead, however, nevertheless, otherwise...
Everybody loves the sock puppets
they sing beautifully.
The sock puppets
The sock puppets haven't taken any singing lessons,
do they need to.
We want to get a good grade for this presentation,
we don't know if we will.
Who is better at singing? Sock Puppets,
Other singers have tried to imitate their style,
they have not succeeded.
The sock puppets are talented,
they will be very famous in the years to come.
Certain prepositions in German can cause the sentence to take a certain case.
(for) will inflict the
(with) will take the
(despite) will take the
There are also some prepositions that can take accusative or dative.
, in the grammar sense, is the
noun, adjective or pronoun
and shows it's relationship with the other words in a sentence.
To look for
To look at
To pay for
1. Position: Paul was
In French some conjunctions change the verb into its subjunctive form.
à condition que
- provided that
à supposer que
- so that
Some conjunctions indicate ‘coordination’ between the elements they join, that is they are used between elements that are the same, like:
They signal that the two clauses they join are at the same level – as in, they’re both main clauses or both secondary clauses.
The ‘coordinating’ conjunctions:
(and, or and but)
Other conjunctions create subordination.
They work only at clause level, they introduce ‘subordinate’ clauses, that is clauses that are ‘dependent,’ on another clause.
Difference: If the
word brings into the sentence a noun or a pronoun, it’s a preposition. If the
word connects two sentences together, then it’s a conjunction. Biggest clue: If a verb is involved, you are most likely dealing with a conjunction.
we ate, we went to the movie. (P)
2. I've been living in Denver
last summer. (p)
3. The plane had to land in Stuttgart
of the bad weather. (c)
the weather was bad, the plane had to land in Stuttgart. (c)
‘perché’, ‘mentre’, ‘quando’
(because, while, when, if)
all send the verb to the end of the sentence, compared to its usual place in the second position in the sentence.
A subordinate or dependent clause "depends" on a main or independent clause. It can't exist alone.
it was raining."
it was raining, Katie went swimming."