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Objective 15 - The Civil War
Transcript of Objective 15 - The Civil War
The Crisis in Kansas
The Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) was designed by Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois
- It created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska for statehood
- Douglas hoped it would open up the territory to more settlement and create the need for a transcontinental railroad
The Killing begins in Kansas
- Pro-Slave and Anti-Slave forces rush into Kansas to vote in the election
- Popular Sovereignty fails and results in death and murder
The Republican Party
was created as an opposition movement to the Kansas Nebraska Act
Charles Sumner (R/MA)
gave a speech blaming the "rape of Kansas" on pro-slave forces
Preston Brooks (D/SC)
almost beat Sumner to death with a cane on the floor of the Senate
Lincoln(R)-Douglas(D) Debates (1858)
became a national event that pitted Democrats against Republicans...Douglas won the election, but Lincoln won the debate
The Dred Scott Decision (1857)
The Courts Interpretation:
- Since slaves are "property"
- And the government cannot deny anyone of the property, anywhere without just cause
- Slavery is not prohibited to any territory or state
- Pro-Slavery forces rejoice
- Anti-Slavery forces
- The South and the North are divided further
Lincoln and the Union
Lincoln: The Politician "The Rail Splitter"
- Lawyer from Illinois
- became a popular Republican candidate in 1858...he was basically a Whig that was adamantly against slavery
Lincoln: The Election
- Consequence - The South Secedes!!!
Lincoln: The President
- All he wants to do is to preserve the Union...whether he could end slavery or not
Leaders of the Civil War
Abraham Lincoln - President
George McClellan - General (2)
Ulysses S. Grant - General (7)
William T. Sherman - General
Jefferson Davis - President
Robert E. Lee - General
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson - General
Nathan Forrest - Cavalry
Compromise of 1850
1. What are the 5 parts of the Compromise of 1850?
2. Analyze the debate - Primary source assignment
3. Answer questions on handout