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Anglicanism

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by

Michael Stoianoff

on 12 December 2014

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Transcript of Anglicanism

Toleration Act of 1690
High Church (Tractarian Movement)
Held that since the Christian religion was superior to government, secular powers had no right to interfere in spiritual matters whatever the cause

Unhappy with the lack of seriousness with which the establishment (Church of England) regarded its religious duties

Emphasized the inner religion of the heart

The Broad Church Party
Evangelical Movement
A Condensed History of Religion in Victorian England
The Church of England (Anglican)

Anglicanism
Puritanism
Roots
"The most important thing to remember about religion in Victorian England is that there was an awful lot of it." - Josef L. Altholz, Professor of History, University of Minnesota
Dissatisfied with the religious settlement carried out under Queen Elizabeth in
1559
.

Sought a complete reformation both of religious and of secular life

By
1662
, when the Anglican Church was re-established, Puritanism had become a loose confederation of various sects.

Growing pressure for religious toleration within Britain was a legacy of Puritanism

Emphasis on self-discipline, individualism, responsibility, work, and asceticism was an important influence upon the values and attitudes of the emerging middle classes

From the Elizabethan settlement (
1659
) on, the Anglican Church attempted to posit itself as a middle way between Catholicism and Puritanism and as the national religion of England.

The victory of Cromwell's (Puritan) parliamentarians over Charles's (Catholic) Royalists in the Civil Wars of
1642-1651
dismantled the Church of England

Puritan emphasis on individualism made the establishment of a national Puritan Church impossible

Restoration of the Monarchy under Charles II in
1660
facilitated the re-establishment of the Church of England in
1662

Monarchy purged of Puritans, who split into various dissenting factions
Anglican Church remained the official state church until the passage of the Toleration Act in 1690

Grew both politically and spiritually weaker

Led to more divisive, Protestant movements in the Church
Methodism

Catholicism
Reaction against apathy and emphasis on logic and reason that characterized the Anglican Church in the
early eighteenth century

Emphasis on private revelation and religious enthusiasm

Religion of the poor

After founder John Wesley's death in
1791
, splintered into a number of factions which weren’t reintegrated until the united Methodist Church of Great Britain was established in
1932
Since Henry VIII founded the Church of England (or Anglican Church), Catholic minority were often looked upon with suspicion and denied many civil rights, including that of serving in Parliament, owning certain kinds of property

Catholic Emancipation Act of
1829
led to more followers and political representation

Minor role in
nineteenth-century
England

Source: VictorianWeb.Org
Sect of Anglicanism

Protestants who believed in salvation by faith in the death of Christ

Stressed the reality of the "inner life," insisted on the total depravity of humanity
and on the importance of the individual's personal relationship with God and Savior

Emphasis on faith, denying that either good works or the possessed any salvational efficacy
Denied that ordination imparted any supernatural gifts

Upheld the sole authority of the Bible in matters of doctrine

The Bible contains the core of all faith and thought, literal reading

Loyalty to a way of worship and life that was first set out in the Book of Common Prayer (contains words of structured liturgical worship)

Celebrated the sacraments ordained by Jesus (Baptism and Eucharist)

System of Church order that stems from ancient times and is focused in the ordained ministry of Bishop, Priest and Deacon

In many ways represent what has become liberal twentieth-century Protestantism

Broad Churchmen emphasized that the Bible, though in some sense divinely inspired, was not, as Evangelicals and Tractarians believed, literally true in every detail

Scriptures should be read metaphorically or even mythologically
Full transcript