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Election Calendar--2016

Chapter 9 Part I Intro

Jeff Pike

on 29 October 2018

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Transcript of Election Calendar--2016

How candidates are chosen and a President is elected
2016 Presidential Election Calendar
Iowa Straw Poll
Held in August the year before the election in Ames, Iowa--not held in 2015
Iowa Caucus
Democratic Party Process
1. Listen to speeches from candidates' campaigns at a school, public hall, etc.
2. Go to specific room for a candidate
3. Must meet
A. At least 15% of total voters at that site
B. If no 15%, support a different candidate
--winner gets supporters who are committed to vote for him/her at party convention
Majority needed to win: 2472 GOP 4765 Democrats
New Hampshire Primary
Both parties hold a vote that receives national attention
Primary = a vote
Key "2nd Round" Primaries
More diversity emphasized--geographic, racial, religious
Michigan Primary
2008 Both Michigan parties: MI should be earlier in the process--economic issues to solve
MI moved primary date earlier against national party wishes (term:
front loading
National parties punished MI:
RNC--1/2 normal delegates for MI
DNC--0 delegates for MI
Super Tuesday
Instead of focusing on a single state, a wider race brings true leading candidates forward--10 states at once
All other states hold a primary or caucus
state party choice of system
candidate list is narrowed to one
Dems: Proportional Primary Voting
GOP: Winner take all or Hybrid Primary Voting
National Convention
Three Key Events:
1. Candidate (and running mate) announced
2. Party Platform set
3. Speeches (Keynote-Tues., VP Candidate-Wednesday, Presidential Candidate-Thurs.
A fundraising dinner for the GOP
An early indicator of possible support
$30 cost to vote; some campaigns pay for people who support them
part of the "invisible primary" of press coverage
Republican Party Process
People show up to a location, hear speeches and vote
2016 GOP Results: Ted Cruz (8 delegates), Donald Trump (7 delegates)
State--2016 Winner (Delegates)
S.C.--Trump* (50) and Clinton (39)
Florida--Trump* (99) and Clinton (141)
Nevada--Trump (14) and Clinton (20)
2016 Winners (delegates):
Trump (25) Cruz (17) Kasich (17)
Sanders (47) Clinton (43)
2012 Locations:
Republicans--Tampa, FL
Democrats--Charlotte, NC
For the past several elections, there have been
three Presidential debates
one Vice Presidential debate
Debate Formats and Subjects
The Vice Presidential debates have consistently been led by a moderator who poses questions to the running mates.
Debate Formats and Subjects (cont.)
Of the three Presidential debates, the format has been as follows:
a debate on domestic policy and the economy with questions by a moderator
a debate on foreign policy with questions by a moderator
a town hall style debate with questions selected by a moderator from the audience
Always held
the 1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November every four years
Therefore, the possible Election Day dates are:
November 2-8
Why is it set up like this?
Upcoming Election Dates for Presidential Election Years:
2016--November 8
2020--November 3
2024--November 5
Election Day (finally!)
November: before Election Day, each party on the ballot (in each state) submits the list of electors should their party win
In other words, for Michigan in 2012, there was a list of 16 voters from each party on the ballot: Democrat, Republican, Libertarian, Green, and US Taxpayer
Electoral College
: in each State Capitol building, the electoral voters from that state's winning party gather to officially cast their vote.
1st Monday after the 2nd Wednesday
Electoral College (cont.)
: The Electoral Votes are taken to the US Senate, where they are officially counted
The official announcement is technically made by the President of the Senate (the Vice President)
Electoral College (cont.)
1st Tuesday in March in 2016
2016 Locations:
Republicans--Cleveland, OH
Democrats--Philadelphia, PA
"Home Court" Rule--sitting Presdent's party goes 2nd
2016 Democrats Results: Hillary Clinton (23 delegates), Bernie Sanders (21 delegates)
2012 and 2016:
Scheduled when the national party wanted
Amendment 20
: moved Inauguration Day from March 6 to January 20.
Caucus = a meeting followed by a vote
* GOP = "winner take all" primaries
Full transcript