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The natural history production line_Göteborg

Digitization and data-registration of 4 million Herbariumsheets

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Transcript of The natural history production line_Göteborg

Naturalis
Collection: 37 million zoological, botanical, paleontological and geological objects

Employees: 194 fte (250 staff, 450 volunteers and research fellows)

Museum: 9 exhibitions; 303.351 visitors (2014)

Research: 200 publications per year

New Museum 2018: Design by Neutelings Riedijk Architects

The natural history production line
Suzanne de Jong-Kole
Naturalis Biodiversity Center, the Netherlands

Introduction Digitization at Naturalis
Naturalis Digitization:
goals and funding
€ 30 M grant for collection digitization, integration
and labs, funded by the Dutch government

Digitization budget: € 13 M


By mid 2015

At least 7 M specimens registered at object level

Metadata for remaining 30 M objects

A permanent infrastructure to continue digitization

Thank you very much for your attention
www.naturalis.nl
Suzanne.deJong-Kole@naturalis.nl
Goal
Digitization and data-registration of 4 million herbarium sheets before June 2015

Mass production
Customised conveyer belts for scanning
Standardized scanning process
Automatic quality checks
Daily transport
35.000 scans a day, double shifts
Outsourcing scanning & data-entry - Picturae
Digistreet Herbarium
Digitization Herbarium
Introduction

Herbariumsheets
Molluscs
Wet Collections
Entomology
Wood
(In)vertebrates dry
Microscopic slides
Paper/2D
Geology

Divide complicated and labor-intensive processes into a series of shorter tasks to gain specialization

Standardize the data entry process by using one metadata standard and central registration system

Limit metadata capture to a minimum, needed for collection management and accessibility to researchers

Only capture photographic reproduction of specimen and label information where this has a proven added value

Make use of (commercial) third parties for digitization where it makes sense (price/quality driven)

Costs per object
Herbariumstreet
4 M herbarium sheets
33.000 scans per day
Automatic quality checks
Protocol for health care

Production process Herbariumstreet
Production process microscopic slides digistreet
Divide complicated and labor-intensive processes into a series of shorter tasks to gain specialization

Digitization processes based on collection types

Standardize the data entry process by using one metadata standard and central registration system

Limit metadata capture to a minimum, needed for collection management and accessibility to researchers

Only capture photographic reproduction of specimen and label information where this has a proven added value

Make use of (commercial) third parties for digitization where it makes sense (price/quality driven)

Image preservation
Production process microscopic slides digistreet
Elements of the prioritization process

Collect: collections proposals, small - large

Include: specific benefits for research, Collection Management and exhibits

Select: online selection by staff and stakeholders

Outcome: list for management to approve

Result: list of prioritized projects

Digitization on demand: 20% unspent for
future ideas


Process Classification

Digitization: Quantity over Quality

Digitization processes based on collection types, i.e.:

wet collections (alcohol)

dry collections

microscopic slides

printed publications

Entomology: 3 streets > alcohol, microscopic slide, pin
Herbariumsheets
Wet Collections
Entomology
(In)vertebrates dry
Paper/2D
Geology
Microscopic slides
Molluscs
Wood
Digistreets
From tailor made to production lines
Crowd-sourcing
Microscopic slides

Georeferencing
Large scale automated georeferencing by determining geographical coordinates and their accuracy based on the geographical description

Research data
Results project are used and expanded by researchers

From project organization to line-management
Quality versus quantity: 300 dpi versus 600 dpi
Processing large number of data
One central database for different kind of collections with different demands > technical sustainability versus user-friendly
Storage: large number of images requires large storage > Beeld & Geluid


Digistreet Microscopic Slides


Scan: 3.000 slides per day
Data-entry: 2.000 slides per day
Enrichment
Naturalis

Naturalis digitization project
Prioritization
Process classification
Digistreets
Image preservation
Enrichment
Disclosure
Challenges
Mass digitization
Challenges
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