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3D ART: Clay Creature Boxes, Organic Pinch Pots

Organic Pinch Pots, Clay Creature Boxes
by

megan ruckel

on 16 November 2016

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Transcript of 3D ART: Clay Creature Boxes, Organic Pinch Pots

CLAY RULES
EXPLORING 3D ART
ORGANIC PINCH POTS
You will make an organic shaped pinch pot out of white clay
Then, we'll create interesting textures and patterns on the surface of your pots

HOW TO MAKE A
PINCH POT

YOUTUBE VIDEO
EVERYONE WILL FIRST BUILD A HOLLOW CLAY CUBE USING SLABS CUT WITH THE CARDBOARD TEMPLATE
NEXT, YOU NEED TO CAREFULLY CUT A LID/MOUTH FOR YOUR CREATURE SO YOU CAN REMOVE THE TOP
CLEAN UP THE INSIDE OF CLAY BOX - ADD REMAINING COILS TO REINFORCE INSIDE CORNERS OF THE LAST SLAB YOU ADDED
THEN BEGIN ADDING YOUR ATTACHMENTS -
**SCORE AND SLIP EACH PIECE
AND YOUR BOX
BEFORE ATTACHING!!!! ** THEN ADD REINFORCEMENT COILS AROUND BASE OF EACH ATTACHMENT
EYES, EARS, ARMS, LEGS, FEET, WINGS, TAIL, HORNS, EYEBROWS, EYELASHES, ETC.
NEXT, ADD DIFFERENT TEXTURES AND PATTERNS TO YOUR BOX WHILE IT'S LEATHER HARD - USE TEXTURED MATERIALS IN BACK OF ROOM OR CLAY TOOLS!!!
CLAY RULES
***WITH YOUR SHOULDER PARTNER, TAKE TURNS READING EACH SECTION OUT LOUD

MOISTURE AND CLAY
1.
Clay must be
thoroughly covered up
with a plastic bag to keep it from drying out.
2.
Clay that is too dry can’t be used. Clay that is too wet is hard to work with.
3.
When you are completely finished making your pot, you will let it
dry slowly
(over a few days).
4.
Thin clay parts may need to be covered with a wet paper towel to
slow the drying
and to prevent breakage.
EXPLORING 3D ART: CLAY PROJECTS!
Cycle of Clay
START
1
PLASTIC
2
FORMED POT
3
LEATHER HARD
STILL MOIST, BUT FIRM
BEST STAGE FOR DECORATION AND ADDING ATTACHMENTS
MOIST
BEST STAGE FOR INITIAL BUILDING/FORMING
BASIC BUILDING/FORMING IS COMPLETE
4
GREENWARE
(BONE DRY STAGE)
MOISTURE COMPLETELY EVAPORATED
HARD, BUT EASILY BROKEN
READY TO FIRE AT THIS STAGE
5
BISQUEWARE
HAS BEEN FIRED ONCE ALREADY
READY TO BE GLAZED
NOT FOOD SAFE YET
6
GLAZING
WE'LL USE CLEAR GLAZE TO GIVE YOUR PIECES A GLOSSY FINISH
GLAZE IS LIQUID WHEN APPLIED, GLASS WHEN FIRED
7
GLAZE FIRE (OPTIONAL)
SECOND FIRING WITH GLAZE
FOR MANY PROJECTS, WE'LL BE ABLE TO FIRE PIECES ONLY ONCE WITH COLORED SLIP AND GLAZE
8
EARTHENWARE
(GLAZEWARE)
COMPLETED PIECE WITH GLAZE!
FOOD SAFE
EXPLORING 3D ART
ORGANIC PINCH POTS
ELEMENT OF ART:
TEXTURE
PRINCIPLE OF DESIGN:
PATTERN
Pattern
**ADD TO PRINCIPLES BOOK**
Pattern refers to the repetition or recurrence of a design element, exact or varied, which establishes a visual beat.
Texture
*** ADD TO ELEMENTS BOOK ***
Texture refers to the tactile qualities of a surface (actual) or to the visual representation of such surface qualities (implied).
CLAY BUILDING REMINDERS
1.
We
don’t waste clay
. Don’t begin to work with it until you have a plan. The more you play with the clay, the more likely it is to break in the kiln. We recycle clay that is too dry to work with, but try to avoid over-working the clay.
2.
Clay can be
no thicker than your thumb
or it will probably explode in the kiln. If you have areas that need to look bigger, then hollow it out underneath.
3.
To stick clay together it
must be slipped and scored
while the clay is still moist.
4.
Try to build without skinny, delicate parts that will break easily.
5.
If you need to reuse clay you have already worked with, you will need to
wedge it to remove air bubbles
. Air bubbles will cause it to explode in the kiln.
6.
Use tape, newspaper or plastic to create
splints or supports
when clay is too soft to support the shape you want. Take paper out when the clay is hard enough to hold it’s shape.
7.
Be sure to
return clay tools to the tray
at your table as soon as you finish.
CLAY RULES
CLAY RULES
CLEAN-UP
1. Clay dust
isn't healthy to breathe- so don’t make clouds of dust.
2. Keep your area clean
with wet rag or sponge and pick up scraps and leave in slip.
3.
Clay
must not go down our sinks
or the plumbing can be ruined. Rinse the clay off your hands in the buckets then rinse with tap water. Don’t let more water go in the buckets.
4.

Stomp clay dust off shoes
and step on wet towel before exiting the room.
STORAGE
1.
Use
one plastic bag
and
one plastic plate
for your project.
2.
Store your project on
your class period's shelves
in the back of the room
3.
Twist the plastic bag opening and set the twist under the pot, letting as much air out of the bag as possible. Don’t tie the bag in a knot.
4.
Put your
name/initials and class period
on the bottom side of your pot (out of sight).
5.
Dry greenware projects are
very delicate
. Don’t touch anyone else's art and be very gentle with your own.
EXPLORING 3D ART
clay creature boxes
CLAY SLIP
CLAY SURFACE DECORATION TECHNIQUES
Slip is a creamy mixture of clay and water
Slip should be used on leather hard pieces
Most important use - to join clay objects made separately (aka "glue" for ceramics)
ex: slip used to join clay slabs, to add handles or feet to a pot, or to add decorative attachments
Can also be used to decorate a ceramic piece
We'll use colored slip (white clay + water + Mason stains)
PAINTING
SLIP TRAILING
DIPPING
SGRAFFITO
DRIPPING
SPRAYING
EXPLORING 3D ART
ORGANIC PINCH POTS

GRADING RUBRIC
SELF-ASSESSMENT FORM
ORGANIC PINCH POTS
SURFACE DECORATION INSTRUCTIONS
FIRST, decide which surface decoration techniques you plan to use (you need at least 2 different techniques to get full points)
Painting, slip trailing, dipping, sgraffito, dripping
Cover all surface of your bowl with the colored slips, let it dry completely
Slips will be a different color once they're fired
Cover the bottom of your bowl and about 1/4" up the sides with tan wax
It will resist the glaze and prevent your piece from getting stuck the the shelf in the kiln!
Use only 2 paintbrushes per table for the wax
Then paint clear glaze (green) on sides/inside, make sure
no glaze is on the bottom
- your piece will become fused with the shelf in the kiln!
BEFORE YOU BEGIN ROLLING YOUR CLAY SLAB, YOU NEED TO WEDGE THE CLAY
BELLWORK 10/23/14
WHY SHOULD YOU
WEDGE
YOUR CLAY BEFORE BEGINNING TO FORM YOUR PINCH POT?
BELLWORK 11/21/14
FIND YOUR
ORGANIC PINCH POT PROJECT
IN THE BACK OF THE ROOM AND
CAREFULLY
BRING IT TO YOUR TABLE.
yOU'LL NEED A
SELF-ASSESSMENT FORM
AND A
GRADE SLIP
FROM THE OF TABLE AS WELL
Form
An object that has depth, length, and width and resides in space. It is perceived as three-dimensional.
clay creature boxes
exploring 3d art
Elements of Art:
Texture & Form

Principles of Design:

Pattern & Contrast
Contrast
Creating tension between opposites. Can be the use of several elements of art to hold the viewer's attention and to guide the viewer's eye through the artwork.

LARGE/SMALL DARK/LIGHT
SOFT/HARD BLACK/WHITE
DULL/BRIGHT
You will use slab building and hand building techniques to create a creature box out of clay
Then, we'll create interesting textures and patterns on the surface of your boxes before you paint and glaze them
Stamping
wedging
http://quietube7.com/v.php/http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GNZhkHJ1ozE
clay creature box
Rubric
Self-Assessment
How to Make a Clay Slab Box
clay creature boxes
exploring 3d art
Today, you will be brainstorming, sketching and planning your clay creature box design
Your basic box form will be a hollow cube
Think about adding attachments (ex: eyes, eyebrows, ears, feet, wings, horns, etc.) to turn your box into a creature
Think about what patterns and textures you'll add to the walls of your box (outside and inside)
Decide how you'll cut your lid to look like the mouth of your creature
Color your sketch, have a basic idea of what slip and glaze colors you'll use
Once I approve your sketch, label A PLASTIC PLATE AND PLASTIC BAG - LABEL BOTH WITH YOUR NAME AND PERIOD USING MASKING TAPE AND A SHARPIE
bellwork 11/7/16
Name the first 3 stages in the Cycle of Clay.
BELLWORK 2/5/16
What do you like most about your Clay creature Box? WHY?
CLAY CREATURE BOXES
FIRST, YOU NEED A PLASTIC PLATE AND PLASTIC BAG - LABEL BOTH WITH YOUR NAME AND PERIOD USING MASKING TAPE AND A SHARPIE
WEDGE YOUR CLAY (WATCH VIDEO DEMONSTRATION)
ROLL OUT A 1/4" THICK CLAY SLAB (WIDTH OF YOUR PINKY FINGER)
CUT SIX (6) SQUARES OUT OF YOUR CLAY SLAB USING YOUR CARDBOARD TEMPLATE, EACH SQUARE SHOULD BE 1/4" THICK
BEVEL (CUT AT 45 DEGREE ANGLE) ALL FOUR EDGES OF ALL SIX CLAY SQUARES - USE PLASTIC KNIFE OR SIMILAR TOOL!
SCORE ALL FOUR EDGES OF ALL SIX SQUARES (ROUGH UP SURFACE BY DRAWING CRISS-CROSS LINES - USE PLASTIC FORK!)
BEGIN ASSEMBLING CLAY BOX (WATCH VIDEO DEMONSTRATION)
STORE YOUR CLAY ON YOUR PLASTIC PLATE (COVER WITH DAMP PAPER TOWELS), WRAP IN PLASTIC GROCERY BAG
LABEL PLATE AND BAG WITH MASKING TAPE (NAME , PERIOD)
BEFORE YOU PAINT YOUR BOX WITH GLAZE........
You need to apply wax to a few key areas of your box USING A WAX PAINTBRUSH:
Cover the bottom edges, AND
The edges inside your lid (both top and bottom)
Wax keeps the box from becoming fused to the kiln shelf and keeps the lid from becoming fused to the bottom half of your box once it's been glazed
GLAZING YOUR CLAY CREATURE BOX
Use only one color of glaze at a time
Make sure to put the correct lid back on once you're done with a color
Clean brushes in water between glaze colors!
The more coats of glaze you paint, the darker/more vibrant the color will be once it's fired
DO NOT paint glaze on bottom or inside edges of your lid, it will get stuck to the kiln shelf and/or the lid will get stuck to the bottom half!
TO PREP YOUR TABLES
SEAT #1: Get 2 bowls of water for your table
SEAT#2: Get a GLAZE BRUSH for everyone at your table (from labeled container on back table)
SEAT#3: Get an apron for everyone at your table
SEAT #4: Help your group members find their projects in the kiln room
BELLWORK 9/28/15
Have you ever worked with clay before?
If so, what have you made?
clay creature boxes
exploring 3d art
SEAT #1
: Grab an apron for everyone at your table, and 1 spray bottle (back table) for your group
SEAT #2
: Grab 1 tray of clay tools from the clay cart
SEAT#3
: Grab 1 container of plain slip (back table) and 2-3 SLIP BRUSHES from the CLAY CART
SEAT#4/#5
: Cover your table with 1-2 canvas tablecloths from the box next to clay cart (place clear bins on floor out of the way)
TO PREP YOUR TABLES today:
EXPLORING 3D ART
clay creature boxes
DECORATE YOUR BOXES WITH COLORED CLAY SLIP (UNDER GLAZE)
PAINT THE INSIDE AND OUTSIDE OF YOUR BOX NEATLY WITH DIFFERENT COLORS; USE SLIP TRAIL BOTTLES TO ADD RAISED TEXTURES/DESIGNS
PAINT THE BOTTOM OF YOUR BOX FIRST SO IT CAN DRY IN TIME TO STORE YOUR BOX
CARVE/PAINT YOUR INITIALS AND CLASS PERIOD # ON THE VERY BOTTOM OR THE INSIDE OF YOUR BOX!!!!

ONCE YOU'RE COMPLETELY DONE, PLACE YOUR FINISHED CLAY BOX DIRECTLY ON THE SHELVES IN THE KILN ROOM (CLEAN YOUR PLATE WITH A SPONGE, LEAVE ON BACK TABLE) AND CLEAN UP YOUR TABLE
YOU ALSO NEED TO GRADE YOURSELF ON A CLAY BOX GRADE SLIP USING THE RUBRIC - TUERN IN TO YOUR CLASS PERIOD BASKET

AFTER YOUR BOX IS FINISHED, YOU SHOULD BE WORKING ON YOUR WEEK #4 SKETCHBOOK HOMEWORK (DUE THIS FRIDAY 2/5), THEN YOU MAY STUDY, READ, OR WORK ON HOMEWORK FOR ANOTHER CLASS
BELLWORK 11/14/16
What color(s) of clay slip do you plan on painting/applying on your clay creature before the first bisque firing?
BELLWORK 1/21/16
WHAT ARE THE 7 ELEMENTS
OF ART?
BELLWORK 1/22/16
WHAT ARE THE
8 PRINCIPLES
OF DESIGN?
bellwork 11/11/16
What is texture?
Name 3 different types of textures you could add to your Clay Creature box.
BELLWORK 1/26/16
What is form?
What types of forms will you create for your Clay Creature Box?
BELLWORK 1/28/16
What is pattern?
What patterns will you create on your clay CREATURE BOX project?
bellwork 1/29/16
What is contrast?
How will you create contrast on your Clay Creature Box?
Describe your Clay Creature (what type of creature are you making?)

What attachments are you planning on adding (you need at least 2)?
BELLWORK 11/10/16
BELLWORK 11/15/16
How are you creating
PATTERN
and
CONTRAST
on your Clay Creature Box?
SEAT #1
: Get 2-3 rolls of masking tape from the tape drawer
SEAT#2
: Get 1 WHITE plastic plate for each person in your group
SEAT #3
: Get 1-2 Sharpies from my desk
SEAT #4
: Get 1 plastic grocery bag for each person (the boxes in the back of the room by 3rd sink)


TO PREP YOUR TABLES FOR TODAY:
Full transcript