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Speak English!

A crash course in TOEFL speaking.
by

Christopher Koontz

on 14 August 2014

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Transcript of Speak English!

reading time: 50 seconds
Example
15 seconds
iNDEPENDENT tASK
If you could have any job or career you wanted, which would you choose and why? Give specific details to explain your response.
Preparation Tips
P
ractice
R
ecord and listen to your answers (for pronunciation)
E
ngage in English conversations
You will be evaluated
on 3 characteristics:

content
language
coherence

Remember: Speak clearly and precisely. However, no one expects a native English accent.
iNTEGRATED tASK 2
Tasks 5-6 combine listening and speaking
Prep: 20 seconds, Response: 60 seconds
Ask yourself,
"What is the main idea?"
Take note of keywords
Key takeaways:
Before the exam
P
ractice
R
ecord and listen to your answers
E
ngage in English conversation
A Crash Course in TOEFL speaking
Speak English not bad.
Christopher Koontz
goldenfutureme.tumblr.com
twitter: @goldenfutureme
Structure
The format is always the same. You either have to:

1.
State your opinion of a topic (Independent task)

2.
Summarize what you have heard (Integrated task)
iNDEPENDENT tASK

Prep: 15 seconds; Response: 45 seconds
Open ended question
No right or wrong answer
Ask yourself,
"What is the main idea?"
"What information supports the main idea?"
KEEP IT SIMPLE
Main idea: photojournalist
Support:
travel
capture emotion
tell untold stories
make a difference
Example
keep
keep it simple
keep it simple
KEEP IT SIMPLE
kEEP iT sIMPLE
KEEP IT SIMPLE
iNDEPENDENT tASK
Some people who unexpectedly receive a large amount of money spend it on practical things, while others spend it for pleasure only. Which do you think is better and why?
iNTEGRATED tASK 1
REMEMBER...
keep it simple
Tasks 3-4 combine reading, listening and speaking
Prep: 30 seconds, Response: 60 seconds
Ask yourself,
"What is the main idea?"
"How is the reading related to the listening?"
Take notes of keywords
If I could have any career I wanted, it would be as a photojournalist. If I were a photojournalist, I could travel all over the world and learn about exciting new cultures, sharing my new discoveries with the world. Also, I believe that photojournalism connects people in a way that written journalism does not. Photojournalism allows you to capture emotions that can't always be expressed with words. I believe this is very important because it allows people to form an emotional connection with people they have never met, sharing in their stories of celebration or misfortune. This emotional connection is very important because it can draw greater attention to important global problems that may otherwise go unnoticed. Therefore, I would feel like I was making a positive contribution to the world by exposing these problems through my photojournalism.
main idea
support
support
The situation at the health center is unacceptable: you sit in a crowded waiting room for hours waiting to get treatment for minor ailments. Then when it’s your turn, you get about three minutes with an overworked doctor. I have two suggestions. First, the health center needs to hire more doctors so that each patient receives quality treatment. And as far as the wait time issue is concerned, the health center is currently open only Monday through Fridays, which means that people who get sick over the weekend wait until the following week to get treatment. So, opening the health center on weekends should solve that problem too.
Student Health Services Need Help
What is the
main idea
?
iNTEGRATED tASK 1
WOMAN:
Did you read that letter in the paper?

MAN:
Sure, and though she's right about the problems, I don't think what she proposes will do much good.

WOMAN:
Really?

MAN:
Yeah. Take her first suggestion. I mean, have you seen the health center?

WOMAN:
Of course. Why?

MAN:
Well, it's tiny, right? The center suffers from lack of space, so unless they build more treatment rooms or offices or something...

WOMAN:
Oh, I see.

MAN:
Also, her second suggestion.

WOMAN:
Seems like that'll help things out.

MAN:
Well, not necessarily. I mean, think about it. A lot of students aren't even here on the weekends.

WOMAN:
That's true.

MAN:
They leave town and get away. There's not a lot of people here.

WOMAN:
Yeah, like me. I go home, probably, at least twice a month.

MAN:
Right. And a lot of us leave campus for the weekend even more often than that. So, there's just not a lot of demand for treatment then. See what I mean?
Example
Listening
Reading
How is the reading
related
to the listening?
tiny
lack of space
build more rooms
student not here on weekends
no demand for treatment
The man expresses his opinion about the student's suggestions that are made in the letter. State the man's opinion and explain the reasons he gives for holding that opinion.
iNTEGRATED tASK 1
The man doesn't think the student's suggestions will do much good. He says the health center is tiny and suffers from a lack of space, which results in the crowded wait rooms. He suggests adding more rooms to the health center. Also, the man doesn't think opening the health center on weekends will help because most students leave campus on weekends. Therefore, there isn't much demand for health services at that time.
keywords
iNDEPENDENT tASK
15 seconds
preparation time: 30 seconds
iNTEGRATED tASK 1
When people work in groups to perform a task, individual group members may feel less motivated to contribute, since no one person is held directly responsible for completing the task. The result is that people may not work as hard, or accomplish as much, as they would if the were working alone and their individual output were being measured. This decrease in personal efforts, especially on a simple group task, is known as social loafing. While it is not a deliberate behavior, the consequence of social loafing is less personal efficiency when working in groups than when working on one’s own.
Social Loafing
What is the
main idea
?
45 seconds
iNTEGRATED tASK 1
Reading
Now listen to a lecture on this topic.
How is the reading
related
to the listening?
What are the
keywords
?
Using the example from the lecture, explain what social loafing is and how it affects people's behavior.
prep time: 30 seconds
it
keep
simple
main idea?
support?
keywords
main idea
restate the man's
What are you being asked to talk about?
What are you being asked to talk about?
relationship between the reading and the listening?
WOMAN:
Hey Steve, did you get that book on the Russian Revolution Professor Harper wants us to read?

MAN:
No, none of the bookstores in the campus area had it in stock. They'll get it in about two weeks.

WOMAN:
Hmm, so what are you going to do in the meantime. Remember, we're going to be discussing the book starting next Tuesday.

MAN:
Well, I was thinking of placing a rush order with a book seller on the internet, so I'd have the book in about a day or two.

WOMAN:
Yeah, but rush order delivery is expensive. You could easily spend twice as much money for the book that way.

MAN:
I know, but what choice do I have?

WOMAN:
Well, since we only have to read a few chapters at a time, you're welcome to share my copy for a few weeks. You know, until you can get yours at the bookstore.

MAN:
You mean, you would read the chapters assigned, give the book to me, I'd read those chapters, then give the book back to you to read the next set of chapters, and so on?

WOMAN:
Exactly!

MAN:
Thanks, but what if I don't get the book back to you in time? Wouldn't you get behind in your reading?

WOMAN:
Yeah, maybe. But it should work if we're careful.
Example
What is the
main idea
?
iNTEGRATED tASK 2
keywords:
book
not in stock at bookstores
two weeks
rush order, 1-2 days
expensive
share book for few weeks
get behind in reading
Listening
The students discuss two possible solutions to the man’s problem. Briefly summarize the problem. Then state which of the two solutions you prefer and explain why.
book out of stock at all bookstores
What are you being asked to talk about?
restate the problem, explain which solution
The man has been unable to get his book for class because it is out of stock at all of the bookstores around campus. It will not be available for another two weeks. He has two choices; he can either place an internet rush order for the book or share the book with a classmate until the bookstores get more in stock. I would recommend that he place an internet rush order for the book. Yes, it will be quite expensive, but he will receive the book quickly and not risk falling behind in his class. Sharing the book with his classmate would be cheaper, but both students risk not getting the book from the other person in time to prepare for class, which could affect both of their grades.
problem
recommendation
explanation
keywords
his opinion
reasons
20 seconds to prepare
main idea
keywords
Now listen to a short lecture.
What is the
main idea
?
keywords?
Using points and examples from the talk, explain internal and external locus of control.
prep: 20 seconds
What are you being asked to talk about?
keywords
main idea
explain
use examples
During the exam
P
ull out main ideas and keywords
A
rrange your thoughts clearly
R
espond to the question
E
xplain your answers fully
Keep it simple
most importantly,
don't try to impress by using extensive vocab and forming complex answers
and most importantly,
Keep it simple
Christopher Koontz
iNTEGRATED tASK 2
P
ull out main ideas and keywords
A
rrange your thoughts clearly
R
espond to the question
E
xplain your answers fully
Student
Practice
unacceptable conditions at student health center
two students discussing their opinion of what I read
Keywords
Student
Practice
Student
Practice
What is my
main idea
?
What
supporting information
can I provide?
Full transcript