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Understanding Balanced Literacy Contruction

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Jennifer Sajovec

on 11 September 2017

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Transcript of Understanding Balanced Literacy Contruction

Understanding the Necessary Components of the
Balanced Literacy Block
What do you want for
your students?
"Reading is like breathing in and writing is like breathing out."
-Pam Allyn and Ernest Morrell
What is "Balanced Literacy"?
Modeled Writing
Shared Writing
Guided Writing
Independent Writing
Balanced Literacy-when the reading and writing components of a literacy program are connected and balanced to give equal
to both...
Team Reading vs. Team Writing
For the team you are assigned, you must convince us why you should "win."

Here are some ideas for your quick presentations:
1. Jersey
2. Poster
3. Stats
4. Team Card
Read Aloud
Shared Reading
Independent Reading
Word Study
Reading is a DEVELOPMENTAL skill!
Literacy Skills Development Continuum
Typical Progression
Birth to 3 Years
Grades K-1
Grades 2-4
Where might our students struggle?
How does their continuum look different?
Book Handling Behaviors
Story/Picture Comprehension
Story Reading Behaviors
Concepts of Print
Environmental Print
Alphabet Knowledge
Phonological Processing Skills
Visual-Perceptual Skills
Emergent (pretend) reading/writing
Concepts of Print
Phonemic Awareness
Letter-Sound Correspondence
Basic Phonics
Inventive Spelling
High Frequency Word Recognition
Basic Comprehension

Complex Phonics
Accurate Spelling
Word Study

At this level, instruction should focus on vocabulary, fluency and comprehension.

Our current textbooks and other resources as well as instructional practices tend to jump right to lower half of this list.
Grades 5+
Content reading and writing

Five Components of Reading Instruction...
Phonological Awareness
All Auditory
Connected to
for Phonological Awareness and Phonemic Awareness
Reading A-Z Lesson

Florida Center for Reading Research
Why are nursery rhymes important?
Why do we need to cover Phonological Awareness and Phonemic Awareness?
What later literacy skills come from "rhyming??
Fluency, Vocabulary,
& Comprehension
7 Strategies to Support Comprehension

1. Monitor Comprehension
2. Metacognition (You and Them)
3. Graphic Organizers
4. Ask and Answer Questions (Bloom's)
5. Generating Questions
6. Recognizing Story Structure
7. Summarizing

Writing is also a developmental skill!
Repeated Reading
Range of Texts
Occasional Timing
Types: sight word, content, language
Use sophisticated language with rephrase
Connect it to other areas
Let students practice "speaking"
Phonological Awareness &
Why work on decoding?
Decoding is the process of translating print into speech by rapidly matching a letter or combination of letters (graphemes) to their sounds (phonemes) and recognizing the patterns that make syllables and words
26 Letters and 46 Sounds
Why doesn't it always work? Why can't we just teach "phonics" to get kids to read?
Our goal is to get students to process words automatically and rapidly so they can focus on comprehension.
How do YOU teach phonics and allow for application?
Writing Developmental Continuum
Go Cubs!
At your table, sort the writing samples by stages along the developmental continuum as a group.
As you do so, discuss why you placed each stage in its position.
Label each section in the Writing Developmental Continuum.
So why is knowing the Developmental Writing Continuum Important?
Setting Grade-Level
Benchmark Goals....
Always work backward....
What do your students need to be able to do by 3rd Grade?
Assessing Writing

Writing CBM
Writing Rubrics
Student Self-Assessment
Writing Portfolios
Start with 2nd grade.
Breakdown by quarter working backward from 4th quarter 2nd grade.

With Your K-2 School Team....
Mapping Out a Scope and Sequence
Scaffolding for Student Writing...
Writing Mini-Lessons
Mentor Texts
Tools for Writing
Sentence Stems
Pictures Come First
Differentiated Graphic Organizers
Collecting Anchor Paper
Meet Regularly as a Teacher Team
Conferring with Students...
1. Establish a protocol.
2. Set only one or few goals.
3. If editing, allow students to mark up paper.
Tips for Conferring
Five Components of a Student Writing Conference
Why is writing so important?
Reason One:
Tools, Tools, and More Tools
Word Banks
Portable Word Walls
Sentence Stretchers
Where do these all fit in the Balanced Literacy Block?
Guided Reading
Read Aloud
Shared Reading
Independent Reading
Guided Reading
Phonological Awareness
Word Study
Shared Reading
Word Study (Foundational)
Shared Reading
Guided Reading
Read Aloud
Shared Reading
Guided Reading
Independent Reading
Read Aloud
Guided Reading
Independent Reading
All of Them!
Word Study
How does your current "Reading" block reflect these areas?
3 things you will keep
2 things you will change
1 question you still have
Written output is a great way to assess student knowledge.

Reason Two:
Writing is an essential skill students need as they enter adult life.
Reason Three:
Helping students learn to express themselves with confidence in all subject areas can contribute to improvements in behavior and esteem.
Reason Four:
Students who write clearly will think clearly. And student who think clearly have a better chance of navigating their way through the obstacles of adolescence.
Typical Growth

1. Research
2. Decide
3. Compliment
4. Teach
5. Send Off
Build this calendar into your scope/sequence.
Rhyming teaches how language works. It helps them notice and work with sounds in words.
Rhyme help children experience the rhythm of language. As they recite the nursery rhyme, they learn to speak with animated voices. This leads to reading with expression later on.
When children are familiar with rhyme or a rhyming book, they learn to anticipate the rhyming word. This prepares them to make predictions when they red, another important reading skill.
Rhyming is important for writing too. It can help children understand that words that shore common sounds share common letters.
When listening to rhyming songs and poems, children create a mental picture. This is crucial in later reading comprehension strategies.
Because rhyming is fun, it adds joy to the sometimes daunting task of learning to read.
Moving Beyond Phonics...
How do you teach strategies for
"text processing"?
To become skilled, fluent readers, children need to have a repertoire of strategies to draw on.
Phonics relates mostly on "Stretchy Snake" and "Chunky Monkey"
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