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Transcript of Dubrov
ANTHROPOLOGY FOR ALL IN LAOS
The researcher's inevitable implication (Benoist and Desclaux 1996; Dozon, 1997) and its part of "responsibility" (Fassin, 2006) are among the ethical themes raised by anthropologists when involved in AIDS research programs.
How not to get involved in the socio-cultural and political questions revealed by the virus? What kind of collaboration does he/she needs to promote with other disciplines in a public health perspective?
HIV is still a very sensitive
issue in Lao PDR
. Low prevalence / 0,29% ?
• Authorization issues for research results publication
• Global funds criteria related to involvement of the civil society and association of people living with HIV)
Scientific data, recorded interviews’ extracts and diverse testimonies from men and women, health professionals, were shaped around a chosen topic (mother and child mortality, HIV basics , young people and HIV, risk taking, how to live with HIV, etc).
Some non recorded interviews were staged by both radio speakers
some extra assets :
PASCALE HANCART PETITET
Institut de Recherche pour le Développement
– UMI 233 - INSERM U 1275
Since 2013 an anthropological research related to HIV, body, sexuality and gender issues is implemented in Laos with the University of Health Sciences
In May 2015, we started a weekly radio program in Lao language in collaboration with a team at the Radio National Lao that presents some results of this research.
Ethnographical wanderings methological adjustements
Various steps were taken in order to negotiate our presence in various spaces and we faced various methological constraints. All challenge and interrogate the anthropological methods principles.
An opportunity observe in situ the embodiment of social norms of conduct relating to the generation gap, social status, gender, hierarchy and ethnicity.
Raise various question related to both the social construction and the social production of HIV epidemic in Lao PDR.
We developed other ethnographical methods and conducted other interviews outside of health settings and mostly using a “network approach”.
INFANTS PROTECTED BY ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY STATE-OF-THE-ART PMTCT & ETHNOLOGICAL ANALYSIS in LAO PDR, Burkina Faso and Senegal (ANRS 12271)./ French National Agency for Research on HIV/AIDS and Viral Hepatitis). (Nov 2013-Sept 2016)
Finally this research produces
We document the experience and perceptions of stakeholders, caregivers, and patients involved in HIV prevention and care programs (local interpretation of medical protocols, management of confidentiality, copying with supply shortage and social inequalities, preventing stigma and discrimination).
We also reformulate various questions related to gender and sexuality in connection with reproductive health (emergence of new social practices/ web social networks, youth practices, sexual risks and birth control issues, social construction of masculinities/ feminities)
Thanks to our encounter with our partner at the RNL Mrs. Souk Prasay Delsahut
And after one year of negociation
After the agrement of the project donor related to funds reallocation
In May 2015, we started a collaborative project with a team of the Radio National Lao: a weekly 30 minutes radio program in Lao language called "Health for You’ / “ສຸຂະພາບເພ່ືອທາ່ນ” / Soukapap peua tan.
Program broadcasted on 80% of Lao PDR Territory
Why, how and to what extent anthropological research led to a radio program production?
In addition to radio broadcast Saturday and Sunday at 5.30 pm various web plateforms have been created
Accessibility Visibility Interactivity
Panel. How to bring anthropology to the people: Genres of communicating ethnography
International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences's (IUAES) Inter-Congress World anthropologies and privatization of knowledge: engaging anthropology in public to be held in Dubrovnik, from 4th to 9th May 2016.
"HEALTH FOR YOU" : THE PROGRAM
Number 0 / Overview of Health for You program and talk about maternal mortality 9th ET 10 th of MAI 2015
Number 1 / Reproductive health in Laos. Mirrored views, research findings and perspectives 16 and 17th of May 2015
Number 2 / Focus on Youth reproductive health issues (Part I) 23 and 24th of May 2015
Number 3 / Focus on Youth reproductive health issues (Part II) 30th & 31th of May 2015
Number 4/ Basics about HIV 6th & Sunday 7th of June 2015
Number 5/ What about people living with HIV in Laos 13th & 14th of June 2015
Number 6 / Prevention of the mother to child transmission of HIV / case studies (Part I) 20th & 21th of June 2015
Number 7 / Prevention of the mother to child transmission of HIV / case studies (Part II) 27th & 28th of June 2015
Rediffusion num 0 to 7 July & August 2015
Number 8 / What about kids living with HIV? (Part I) 29th & 30th of August 2015
Number 9 / What about kids living with HIV? (Part II) 5th & 6th of September 2015
Number 10/ Dr Somaphone CHANKONGSIN / Reproductive issues in Sekong Province. 24th @ 25th October 2015
Number 11/ Dr Angkhana LASAPHONH, Lao Youth Facing Hiv In Savannakhet Province. 31 October & 1 November 2015
Number 12 / Dr Anousone SOUNDALA Qualitative study of abortions in the Capital of Vientiane 7th & 8th November 2015
Number 13/ Migration and HIV : Local observations, global issues 21 & 22 nov 2015
Number 14/ Gender lens on HIV issues 5 & 6 dec 2015
Rediffusion num 8 to 14th in December - January 2016
Rediffusion num 0 to 14th in Mars-May 2016
Pr. Alice Desclaux, IRD
At the UHS:
Dr. Vanphanom Sychareun
Dr. Molina Choummanivong
Dr. Chansathit Taikeophithoun
Dr. Viengnakhone Poom
Mrs. Souk Prasay Delsahut
Mrs. Manivan Sanaphane
Mr. Somsamai Smile Phaipisand
and all of our informants...
Why HIV epidemic is still a sensitive subject in Lao PDR in a global context that promotes the end of exceptionnality of HIV/aids?
How researchers can overcome the ethical issues of producing knowledge related to HIV in a context where access of HIV prevention and care programs are still limited?
The impact of the programe is difficult to mesure especially as it would require additionnal funds to implement an evaluation
The web plateform represent an efficient tool
- allow to reach a larger audience
- improve the visibility
Unfortunately no one used it for posting comments and or questions
Unexpected impact :
The radio program facilitate further research investigation / access to people
Surprisingly we never face censorship
The program got positive feed back for the ministry of communication
Many program at the RNL have also developped their facebook page
3 of our partners at the RNL got promoted