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Subjects & Predicates

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by

Lesley Kitchener

on 27 October 2015

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Transcript of Subjects & Predicates

Parts of a Sentence
Subjects & Predicates
The subject is main word or word group that tells whom or what the sentence is about.

The simple subject is a
noun
. The complete subject includes all the words that modify the subject.
Subject
The predicate of a sentence tells something about the subject of the sentence and

always contains the verb
.

The simple predicate is the verb(s) and the complete predicate contains verb(s), adverbs, objects and their modifiers
.

Predicate
While subjects often appear first in a sentence, there is no set order for the subject and predicate.
Location of Subjects
and Predicates
When you use an
imperative sentence
, you are speaking directly to someone, giving a command or request, so the subject is understood to be
you
.
Understood Subject
The
house
is for sale.

The blue house with white shutters
is for sale.
Jason quickly
finished
his homework.

Jason
quickly finished his homework.
The predicate can also begin the sentence.

Under the table was
a very frightened kitten.
Have
you
ever been to Six Flags
?
Be quiet during the play.

Please give me another piece of candy.

Stop!

Compound Subject
A compound subject consists of two or more subjects that are joined by a conjuction and have the same verb.
Paris
and
London

remain
favorite tourist attractions.

Reading
,
snorkeling
, and
painting

are
my favorite hobbies.
Compound Verb
A compound verb consists of two or more verbs that are joined by a conjunction and have the same subject.
The
team

played
well but
lost
the game anyway.

Will

Bob

mop
the floor and
wash
the dishes?
Finding the Subject
To find a subject in the sentence, find the verb first. Then, ask Who? or What? before the verb.
In high school we will have more homework.

The verb is
will have
.
Who
will have homework?

We will have. We is the subject of the sentence.

The Verb Phrase
Some simple predicates, or verbs consist of more than one word. Such verbs are called verb phrases. (Verbs that include one or more helping verbs.)
Kathy
is riding
the Feris wheel.
I
will
never
forget
her
Should
Ellen
have gotten
here sooner?
Note - Sometimes the subject may fall between the verbs.
Full transcript