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Week 7 Lesson 1: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution – ‘Bombard the Headquarters’ and ‘Mao’s Sixteen Points’

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Liam Brooks

on 19 September 2017

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Transcript of Week 7 Lesson 1: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution – ‘Bombard the Headquarters’ and ‘Mao’s Sixteen Points’

Week 7 Lesson 1: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution – ‘Bombard the Headquarters’ and ‘Mao’s Sixteen Points’
LI:
To understand the significance of ‘Bombard the Headquarters’ and ‘Mao’s Sixteen Points’ in the development of the Cultural Revolution.

SC:
Students will be able to explain what the primary sources ‘Bombard the Headquarters’ and ‘Mao’s Sixteen Points’ reveal about Mao Zedong’s leadership and ideas.
Bombard The Headquarters – My Big-Character Poster
was a short document written by Chairman Mao Zedong on August 5, 1966 during the 11th Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.

It is commonly believed that this "poster" directly targeted Chinese President Liu Shaoqi and senior leader Deng Xiaoping, who were then in charge of Chinese government's daily affairs and who tried to cool down the mass hysteria which had been coming into shape in several universities in Beijing since the May 16 Notice, through which Mao officially launched the Cultural Revolution.

Much larger scale of mass persecutions came after the publication of this big-character poster, resulting in turmoil in the whole country and the death of thousands of "class enemies", including President Liu Shaoqi.
China's first Marxist-Leninist big-character poster and Commentator's article on it in People's Daily are indeed superbly written! Comrades, please read them again. But in the last fifty days or so some leading comrades from the central down to the local levels have acted in a diametrically opposite way. Adopting the reactionary stand of the bourgeoisie, they have enforced a bourgeois dictatorship and struck down the surging movement of the great cultural revolution of the proletariat. They have stood facts on their head and juggled black and white, encircled and suppressed revolutionaries, stifled opinions differing from their own, imposed a white terror, and felt very pleased with themselves. They have puffed up the arrogance of the bourgeoisie and deflated the morale of the proletariat. How poisonous! Viewed in connection with the Right deviation in 1962 and the wrong tendency of 1964 which was 'Left' in form but Right in essence, shouldn't this make one wide awake? - Mao Zedong

Week 7 Lesson 1: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution – ‘Bombard the Headquarters’ and ‘Mao’s Sixteen Points'.
Bombard The Headquarters – My Big-Character Poster
5 August 1966
The Sixteen Points of 8 August 1966
Like the
'Bombard the Headquarters'
document,
'the Sixteen Points'
was also presented at the 11th Plenum of the Central Committee

Outlined the key goals and basic strategies of the Cultural Revolution

The main objective of the Cultural Revolution was "to struggle against and overthrow those persons in authority who are taking the capitalist road". Was this really the
main
reason
?

Laid the foundation of the
'four olds'
, which would become a mass campaign within
the Cultural Revolution:
old ideas
old culture
old customs
old habits

Called for the mobilisation of the masses* and to develop class consciousness in the people*

Student movement weas already in full swing, but the Sixteen Points call for this movement to transform into a nationwide mass movement involving not just youths but also peasants, workers, soldiers, revolutionary intellectuals, and revolutionary cadres

Prompted the self-criticism and demotion of Liu Shaoqi at the 11th Plenum. Laid the foundation for wider purges of 'capitalist roaders/rightists/moderates/revisionists' in the Party and wider society
***Watch Edrolo videos from 'Mao's Good Swim' to 'My first big character poster'

https://edrolo.com.au/s/160454/

1. Working individually.

2. Read and annotate the primary source 'the Sixteen Points'.

3. Answer the questions in 4-6 lines each.

4. Class discussion to follow.

5. We have 20 minutes.
Full transcript