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SOAPStone & Caesar

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Trevor Aleo

on 18 April 2017

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Transcript of SOAPStone & Caesar

Act 1
Act II
Act IV
Act V
Act I.ii
Act I.iii
Act II.iii
Act II.i
Act II.ii
Act II.iv
You will get them back next class.

Take this time to
prepare a new QFR Chart for Act III.
Please Turn In Your
Act III.i
At this time, please create a new QFR chart for Act II.
Act I.i
3-2-1 Activity
Write 3 things you understand so far.
Write 2 questions you have.
Write 1 prediction.
3-2-1 Activity
Write 3 things you understand so far.
Write 2 things you do not understand.
Write 1 predictions.
3-2-1 Activity
Write 3 things you understand so far.
Write 2 things you do not understand.
Write 1 prediction.
Which character is the most important here? What makes that character the most important?
What’s going on in this scene?
Who are the characters?
What do we know about them?
How do we know what we know?
What’s going on in this scene?
Who are the characters?
What do we know about them?
How do we know what we know?
What does the interaction between Flavius/Marellus, and the crowd show us about class division in Rome?

Did you notice a difference in the way the plebeians and patricians spoke? How was their diction/syntax different, and why do you think Shakespeare made that stylistic choice?
A character’s motivation is the driving force behind his or her thoughts, feelings, and actions. Understanding what motivates a character is often the key to understanding an entire story.
A few of the conspirators meet during a nasty storm to discuss their plans. They are confident, but know they must convince Brutus to join them if they are to be successful.
Why do the conspirators want to make sure that Brutus is on their side? Give at least three reasons and explain.
Bruh, I am so over Caesar. RT if you agree and hit me with a DM for details. Working on a little something.
Feeling salty like usual. Got something pretty awesome in the works though. Hmu.
Feeling more conflicted than a Drake song. Headed to the gym before my head explodes.
Emperor of Rome, baby! Would be a much sweeter gig if the haters would step off my grind...
Hubby's horoscope said to "beware the ides of March." Feeling really sketched out right now. :(
Off contemplating life's complexities... You're my boy Caesar!!!
Dramatis personae
Brutus wrestles with his conscience over whether or not to join in the conspiracy against Caesar.

The conspirators arrive at Brutus' house, and Brutus' wife, Portia, notices that her husband is acting strangely.
Why doesn’t Brutus want to kill Marc Antony? What does this tell us about Brutus? Explain your answer in a well developed BCR.
Analysis BCR
This will be collected.
'Caesar, beware of Brutus; take heed of Cassius;
come not near Casca; have an eye to Cinna, trust not
Trebonius: mark well Metellus Cimber: Decius Brutus
loves thee not: thou hast wronged Caius Ligarius.
There is but one mind in all these men, and it is
bent against Caesar. If thou beest not immortal,
look about you: security gives way to conspiracy.
The mighty gods defend thee! Thy lover,
Here will I stand till Caesar pass along,
And as a suitor will I give him this.
My heart laments that virtue cannot live
Out of the teeth of emulation.
If thou read this, O Caesar, thou mayst live;
If not, the Fates with traitors do contrive.
Dramatis Personae
a. it adds comic relief
b. it makes the play a tragedy
c. it heightens audience anxiety
d. it wastes time
What is the effect of including a series of short scenes in the play at this time?
HSA Review
Analysis Quickwrite
What information do we, as readers, now know that certain characters may not yet know?
Dramatic Irony
Occurs when the audience (or readers) know more information than a certain character.
Do you believe Caesar will read Artemidorus' letter in time or not? Defend your answer!
Analysis Quickwrite
Analysis Quickwrite
Who do you think made the stronger argument - Portia or Calpurnia? Defend your answer!
It is in the early hours on the morning of March 15, 44 B.C.
In spite of repeated warnings of danger, Julius Caesar is headed to the Roman Senate.
Unbeknownst to Caesar, a conspiracy of senators - lead by his own best friend, Brutus - is waiting there to betray him.
Brutus is "at war with himself" regarding his
feelings toward Caesar. He wants to be an
"honorable man," but fears Caesar might be
too powerful.

What would it take for you to betray one of your own close friends?
Character Analysis
In groups of four, you will analyze 4 main characters from Act I: Caesar, Brutus, Casca, and Cassius. For each, list:
1. Three adjectives to describe that character and an explanation of why you chose each adjective. Select an excerpt from the play that supports that adjective and write the quote down.
2. This person's relationship to Caesar and what they think about him (using textual evidence). If your character is Caesar, choose another character and explain what he thinks of them.
3. Based on our reading and discussion what do you believe this character thinks about the idea of justice? Cite textual example.
Warm Up
How many warnings have we as the audience received that something bad will happen on March 15? Identify all examples from the text and provide page/line number and a brief summary of each example.
Work in Pairs
Warm up
Think about a time when you have either warned someone of something or when you have been warned. Write a paragraph response (5 sentences) explaining the situation and what the outcome was.
Warm up
Now that Caesar is dead, who do you think will rule Rome? Defend your answer!
Julius Caesar: A Story of Bromance and Betrayal
A closer look at rhetoric

Now that we have a solid understanding of the basics of rhetoric, lets take a closer look...

SOAPstone is a method we will be using for the next few weeks to help us understand and more thoroughly evaluate attempts at persuasion. It stands for...


S -
The voice that tells the story or delivers the address.

Before delivering an argument, writers / speakers must decide whose voice is going to be heard. This voice can belong to a fictional character or to the writers / speakers themselves.

How does the speaker influence the perceived meaning of the piece?

O –

The time and the place of the piece; the context that prompted the writing / oration.

Writing does not occur in a vacuum. All writers are influenced by the larger occasion: an environment of ideas, attitudes, and emotions that swirl around a broad issue. Then there is the immediate occasion: an event or situation that catches the writer's attention and triggers a response. 

How can context alter a speaker’s intended meaning or message?

A –

The group of people to whom this piece is directed.

Prior to delivering an argument, writers / speakers must determine who the audience is that they intend to address. It may be one person or a specific group. This choice of audience will affect how and why writers / speakers deliver a message.

 Will writers / speakers alter their word choice based on the audience? Why?

P -
The reason behind the text or speech.

Writers / speakers must ask themselves, "What do I want my audience to think or do as a result of reading my text?”

Call to action

Does every piece of writing have a purpose? Why or why not?

The attitude of the author.

The spoken word can convey the speaker's attitude and thus help to impart meaning through tone of voice. With the written word, it is tone that extends meaning beyond the literal. Tone is imparted through 3 main elements:
diction (choice of words)
syntax (sentence construction)
imagery (metaphors, similes, and other types of figurative language)

The ability to manage tone is one of the best indicators of a sophisticated writer or speaker. 

S -
Students should be able to state the subject in a few words or phrases.

This step helps the audience to focus on the intended task throughout the writing / speaking process. 

Repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or verses.


I have a dream
that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
I have a dream
that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.
I have a dream
that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.

Rhetorical Question
A rhetorical question is a figure of speech in the form of a question that is asked in order to make a point. The question, a rhetorical device, is posed not to elicit a specific answer, but rather to encourage the listener to consider a message or viewpoint.


“How many roads must a man walk down, before you can call him a man?”
Homer Simpson:
“No, Dad, it’s a rhetorical question.”
“Rhetorical, eh? … Eight!”
“Dad, do you even know what ‘rhetorical’ means?”
“Do I know what ‘rhetorical’ means?”
Can’t you do anything right?


a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.


“Downsizing” is a euphemism for “cuts”, or firing employees.

Mr. Prince:
 We'll see you when you get back from image enhancement camp.
Martin Prince:
 Spare me your euphemisms! It's fat camp, for Daddy's chubby little secret!

("Kamp Krusty," The Simpsons, 1992)

The choice and use of words and phrases in speech or writing.

Formal –
Used when addressing a highly educated audience. This includes sermons, scholarly journals, etc.
Informal -
used when addressing a familiar or specific audience. This includes personal letters, emails, and documents with conversational or entertaining purposes. This level also includes "slang" language, which may be used to create a specific "flavor" as in sports casting or novels.


Formal: As I alighted from my vehicle, my clothing was besmirched with filth.

Informal: My coat got dirty as I stepped out of my car.

A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect; an extravagant statement. 


I’m so hungry I could eat a horse.

"My toaster has never once worked properly in four years. I follow the instructions and push two slices of bread down in the slots, and seconds later they rifle upwards. Once they broke the nose of a woman I loved dearly."(Woody Allen, "My Speech to the Graduates."  The New York Times, Aug. 10, 1979)

Historical Context
Caesar... that sounds familiar!
How many words can you think of that are associated with

Julius Caesar?

Such as...
Orange Julius

Written by: William Shakespeare
• The English knew a lot about the Romans back then. They were conquered by Caesar and believed that they were descendents of early Romans.
• The Roman playwrights Seneca and Plautus were popular and admired influences of Elizabethan drama.
• Shakespeare’s audience was also fascinated by Caesar’s life and death (a “dictator” becoming corrupt and ignoring the other branches of government, then being assassinated by his own friends) because in the 1400’s in England the people experienced civil war and the result was the Tudor family (Queen Elizabeth’s family line) taking over.

The "Triumvirate"
Rome was ruled by a “Triumvirate”
(a coalition of three men)

Pompey (AKA Pomp-Daddy)
-a great politician and well known general

Julius Caesar (AKA J-Steezy)
-The charismatic opportunist

Crassus (AKA- C-Money)
-One of the wealthiest men in Rome

The Break Up
Pour some out...
In 53 B.C.
Crassus (aka C$) dies…

This ends the First Triumvirate and sets Pompey and Caesar against one another.

What happened next?
The Senate supported Pompey and he becomes sole consul (like a president) in 52 B.C.
Caesar, on the other hand, becomes a military hero and a champion of the people. He was the commander in Gaul and had planned on becoming consul when his term in Gaul was up (terms were for one year).
The senate feared him and wanted him to give up his army.

Nuclear Deterrence
Caesar writes the senate a letter in 50 B.C. and says he will give up his army if Pompey gives up his.
This, of course, makes the senate angry and they demand that Caesar disband his army at once or be declared an enemy of the people.
Legally, however, the senate could not do that. Caesar was entitled by law to keep his army until his term was up.
Crossing the Rubicon
Two tribunes--Marc Antony and Quintus Cassius Longinus--faithful to Caesar, veto the bill and were therefore expelled from the senate.

They flee to Caesar; the men ask the army for support against the senate. The army called for action and on January 19, 49 B.C., Caesar crosses the Rubicon into Italy. Civil war has begun.

Caesar says,
“Iacta alea est!”

(The die is cast!) when he crosses the stream.

Thus, "Crossing the Rubicon" is born...

To sum it up, Caesar chases Pompey all the way to Egypt and “defeats” him.

He gets a little sidetracked and hangs out with Cleopatra for a while…

100 B.C.- 44 B.C.
Caesar Salad
Little Caesars
Caesar's Palace
Dictator Fo' Lyfe!
When he returns to Rome, he is now the “tribune of the people” and “dictator for life.”

In 54 B.C. Caesar’s daughter, Julia, dies. Her marriage to Pompey was essentially the only thing keeping the two men from turning on each other, so her death would begin their conflict.

Write this down...

Thou sodden-witted lord! Thou hast no more brain in thine skull than I have in mine elbows.

East Coast/West Coast
The Antony vs. Brutus Rhetoric Rap Battle begins...
You've GOT to be kidding me...
Fam, I'm telling you. These peasants are so 50.
Calpurnia and Portia are the only two females in Julius Caesar. What role do they play? Consider how the men treat them? What could Shakespeare be implying with these women?
Gender Stereotypes
1. Look through Act I scenes i-ii with feminist perspective to gain support.
2. Discuss with your table group
Full transcript