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Transcript of Ottoman Empire
Mughal Empire History
The Mughal Empire was founded by Zahir-ud-din Mohammed. Every Conqueror from Asia dreamed of getting India. The rulers in the Mughal Empire came from Afghanistan and they spoke Turkish and Persian so it was kind of a mix.
Ottoman Empire History
Ming and Qing Dynasties
The Ming and Qing were established by the Manchu people and they lasted for 268 years. Throughout all of their years they had 11 emperors. They were a very powerful dynasty.
The Ottoman empire was founded by Osman Bey. Osman Bay and his family became very
after what he did.I was also called Turkish Empire because it was created in Turkey. It started in 1259 and it lasted until 1923. In 1566 the Ottoman Empire became a world power. The biggest cities: Islam, Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, Tunis and Baghdad.
Ottoman Wars and Conquers
The first Ottoman troops invaded Europe in 1345. They were defeated by Timur but they had conquered: Persia, some of Arabia, large sections of Hungary and the Balkans. They also defeated the Mamlūk dynasty in Syria and in Egypt. They tried to conquer the capital of Austria (Vienna) but they failed because the Polish armies defeated them.
In the Ottoman religion most of the people were Muslim. Islam was responsible for the rise and the fall of the Ottoman Empire. The Islam religion comes from Christianity and Judaism. They also believe in the same god but they have some other beliefs too, for example they believe in that Jesus is not the son of god but a prophet. The
were arguing about who was the true follower of Muhammad.
In Ottoman art they made dyes using minerals and vegetables. They carved many things from the material Lületasi, like statues. In the Ottoman Empire they made many things from silk and they almost went bankrupt when they where running out of silk because they bought a lot of it from China.
Ottoman Government and Politics
The Ottoman Architecture was influenced by the Romans and the middle east muslims. They decorate their buildings with different signs and shapes. Many buildings were build based on the church Hagia Sophia.
In the Ottoman Empire silk was very popular. Sometimes they went on
to China for silk. Because the Ottoman Empire was between the east and west they traded a lot with the people passing from there.
The Ottomans used a lot of: sheepskin, wool, silk and fur for making clothing. Those were nice
hen the Ottoman Empire expanded the Ottomans started to weave a lot and the clothes started looking a little more normal.
Meat, Fruits, Vegetables and Rice were the main things they used in cooking.One of the meats which they ate included: pigeons, camels, quails and other local animals. Two meals were served during the day, the first one was breakfast and the second one was the meal after they prayed at 7pm.
Ottoman Natural Resources
Although the Ottoman Empire was in the desert there was nice and fertile soil there. But there wasn't much rainfall so the places that didn't get water were very dry. They mostly depended on animals because their crops didn't always grow.
Ottoman Daily Life
In the Ottoman Empire people weren't really running out of food because they mostly ate animals not crops. They also had a lot of building materials and the only thing which was actually bothering them was the heat.They had strong armies and a lot of land.
Mughal Empire Architecture
The Ottomans invented a lot of things like paper money and coffee. Now coffee spread all around the world. About 1,600,000,000 cups of coffee are drunk every day. Paper money is used by everybody today.
The Ottomans liked their music a lot and they played many instruments we have today. Here is a clip of some Ottoman Music!
Ottoman Famous People
Suleiman the Magnificent was the tenth ruler of the Ottoman Empire. He was the longest reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire.The Ottoman Empire grew 8,336,000km2 more when he ruled the Empire.
The Mughal People liked to eat a variety of different spices. They also liked strong and spicy tastes or sweet and sour. They ate many things like: Bread with garlic, spicy chicken, vegetables with coriander sauce, fish etc...
The Mughals liked white marble and red sandstone the most out of all the building materials. They used marble in building the Taj Mahal. Most of their buildings were either rectangular or they had arches.
The people in the Mughal empire liked music, they played a lot of flutes and drums. Here's a video on Mughal music.
Ming and Qing Dynasty
Mughal Natural Resources
The Mughal Empire was famous for its fish because it was almost totally surrounded by water. It was also very famous for the crops because the dirt and the soil there was pretty wet.
Mughal Wars and Battles
Mughal Empire Important People
One of the most important Rulers of the Mughal Empire was Akbar (Akbar the Great). He became king when he was 13 years old! Shah Jahan was Akbars favorite grandson and he was a very important ruler.
Ottoman Territorial Expansions
The Ottoman Empire had very strong armies and it expanded very well but when other countries began to get stronger the Ottoman Empire began to shrink and a few years after the first expansion it decreased a lot in size.
The Mughal Empire had very strong armies. They had elephants and people trained to fight with different kinds of weapons but the europeans had guns and horses. The spies in India were very important because they could go to the enemies base and come back to the king and tell him all the plans. The Mughal warriors were very strong and brave they won many battles but that weakened them.
The Mughal art had many different kinds of patterns. They used many patterns because it looked more interesting. They also liked to draw on their hands and they liked to draw different people and animals.
Mughal Politics and Government
The Mughal Government shared some ideas with the sultanate. The administrative system was mostly worked on by Akbar the last two kings didn't work on it much. When Akbar was still alive his system worked well but when he died it began to fall.
Mughal Daily Life
The Mughal society was divided into 3: the high class was the king, the middle class were the people with good homes and everything they needed and at the lowest class were the peasants. Life was pretty hard because clothes and food cost much. The peasants didn't have much problem with it because they made their own. The King didn't have problem with it too because he was rich, but the middle class did because they had to buy it themselves and it wasn't cheap.
Mughal Territorial Expansions
Ming and Qing Architecture
The Ming and Qing architecture was very popular and it made them even more popular when they build the great wall of China. They build many beautiful temples wchich they are known for all around the world.
The Mughal Empire expanded well but then their emperor lost some of his lands because of war. When Shah Jahan was the ruler the land expanded a lot during that time the Mughal Empire was at its biggest.
Ming and Qing Music
The chinese enjoyed to listen to music a lot. They mostly liked drums and flutes. Here's a video on chinese music.
Ming and Qing Food
Chinese food was very popular and it was very unique they mostly used rice and fried vegetables. They also liked soya sauce and different spices. They ate with chopsticks.
Ming and Qing Clothing
The chinese really liked clothing they wore robes and sometimes hats. In the Ming and Qing dynasty every body new who you were by the way you were dressed for example, the fishermen had some long pants, big boot a hat and a jacket.
Ming and Qing Daily Life
In China there were 3 levels: the kings, the nobles and the farmers. The nobles lived in luxurious places (around the
of the city) while the farmers had to live in small huts. the farmers had to work really hard. It was
for unknown people to enter the kings palace.
Ming and Qing Religion
The chinese believed mainly in 3 different cultures: Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism. But they also practiced the Ying and Yang. There was only a
of people who believed in that faith. When the people would meet with the king they would have to
in front of him.
Ming and Qing Inventions
The chinese had many good craftsman so they created many things that we use today like: paper, gunpowder, matches,cannons, umbrellas and many other.
Ming and Qing Territorial Expansions
Ming and Qing Natural Resources
In ancient China they mostly hunted animals for skin and food. They mined for gold, iron and jade so they could make jewelery. They had very nice and fertile soil wchich was very good for planting plants.
Ming and Qing Wars and Battles
Many dynasties fought a lot so they could gain wealth, land and pride. Chinese sometimes scared their enemies by flying kites! They also had
for horses whenever they needed to send their warriors for battle.
Ming and Qing Politics and Government
In the Ming and Qing government everybody needed to have obedient children. Because if they didn't have obedient children they would be whipped, put in jail or killed. The Ming and Qing government was pretty cruel. They had a lot of
working for them.
Ming and Qing Trade
Trading in the Ming and Qing dynasty was very important because there was a very high population so people needed to trade the things they didn't need for (ex. jewelry) and other things a which they had little or needed. People traded things like: food, weapons, jewelery, fabric etc.
Ming and Qing Arts
In the Ming and Qing dynasty many people were interested in art they did many things including: painting, made sculptures, wrote, danced, sang or played an instrument.
A member of one of the two great religious divisions of Islam, regarding the first four caliphs as legitimate successors of Muhammad and stressing the importance of Sunna as a basis for law.
Formal word for king in Iran.
A Turk of the family or tribe of Osman.
A body of people adhering to a particular religious faith; a religious denomination.
People of the highest class: Only the elite were there.
Any cloth or goods produced by weaving, knitting, or felting.
A Hindu practice whereby a widow immolates herself on the funeral pyre of her husband: now abolished by law.
An excursion, journey, or voyage made for some specific purpose, as of war or exploration.
To forbid (something); make a rule or law against: to forbid the use of lipstick; to forbid smoking.
A member of one of the two great religious divisions of Islam, regarding the first four caliphs as legitimate successors of Muhammad.
A public official who is a member of the civil service.
A building for the lodging and feeding of horses, cattle, etc.
Pertaining to or situated in the interior part of a country or region: inland cities.
To go on your knees, bow down before.
Bibliography Part 1
The Mughal invented many interesting things like: tea, compass, printing. Tea is drunk all around the world now and printing is used in almost every school and every office.
The Manchu people invaded China and they conquered it and ruled it for over 250 years. The Manchu people lived in Manchuria.They Manchu spoke their language called the Manchu language.
http://www.hinduwisdom.info/War_in_Ancient_India.htm#Diplomacy and War
Bibliography Part 2
Bibliography Part 3
Bibliography Part 4
Bibliography Part 5
Their natural resources are very similar like: Jade, iron, gold etc.
They expanded a lot, their expansions over the years were gigantic.
They traded many different things to Europe and many other countries.
Their religions are very similar to each other in believes .
The Ming and Qing dynasties expanded pretty fast. They had some wars against Mongolia. They were a very known and a strong empires and they had a lot of land and territory making them one of the biggest empires.
They all had strong and well known armies.
They invented many useful things like: compass paper tea coffee.
They ate many unique foods like camels, tons of spices etc.
They loved drums and flutes.
The Sultan was the most important person in the government he took care of almost everything and decited what was going to happen.
Ottoman and Mughal and Ming and Qing
Their Government was similar.
Ottoman and Mughal
Ottoman and Ming and Qing