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Greek & Roman Art

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Stephanie Roberts

on 4 December 2015

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Transcript of Greek & Roman Art

Exit Ticket:
1. WHAT are the 3 time periods in Greek art?
2. WHAT construction technique did the Greeks use for their temple construction?
3. WHAT do you look at to identify the Greek Orders?
4. HOW has American architecture been influenced by Ancient Greece?
5. Draw & complete the Venn diagram.

Greek Art
Greek Art
Known for their sculpture & architecture.
Greek art later influences European art and American architecture.
Polytheistic society, so art was dedicated to the glory of their gods.
a. Archaic period
i. Rigid, stiff figures.
ii. Stylized bodies and clothes.
iii. No live models;drawn from memory.
b. Classical period
450-400 BC
i. Sculpture starts to be more naturalistic.
ii. Depict idealized bodies
iii. Clothing no longer stylized
II. Greek architecture
a. Parts of a Greek temple:
i. medium: marble
post and lintel construction
- columns / posts were used to support a horizontal beam/ lintel
i. sculpture more concerned with showing action & emotion.
c. Hellenistic
323-150 BC
What are the 3 periods in Greek Art?
What is the difference between the Greek’s post and lintel construction and the Roman’s arch?
Why do we study Roman art along side Greek art?
Door Pass
Sculpture changed very little between the Greeks and Romans.
Romans admired the Greek culture and copied their sculpture.
Roman art
Dome- a hemispheric vault or ceiling over a circular opening.
Oculus- eyelike opening at the top.

The Pantheon. 118-125 AD
Roman architecture cont.
Barrel Vault- an arched roof or covering made of brick or concrete
Mostly used to create a shelter or corridor.
Roman architecture cont.
Arch- curved architectural element used to span an opening. Essential in Roman architecture.
improvement over post-and-lintel of the Greeks bc it could bear more weight.
Used mostly for openings/ entrances
Roman architecture
Head of Augustus
Focused on the bust
Busts- sculptures of people from the shoulders or neck up.
Romans did this to preserve the features of their emperors.
Different from the Greeks
Groin Vault- formed when 2 barrel vaults meet at right angles.
Also used to make corridors
Groin vault could hold more weight.
Roman architecture cont.
Mosaic- an artwork made of small, cubes of colored marble or glass set on cement.
wall and floor decoration
Roman mosaics
1. Contra pasto
- sculptural technique used so the weight of the body is in balance. When weight is on one leg, the shoulders & hips shift, giving the body an "S" curve.
iii. Pediment
- triangular section at the ends of a building.
1. Greek Orders
- decorative styles developed by the Greeks.
a. Doric- is plain
b. Ionic- looks like a ram's horn.
c. Corinthian- looks like the acanthus plant.
iv. Frieze-
a continuous band of sculpture that runs along the top of the wall.
v. Capital
- the top element of a column.
vi. Caryatids
- columns carved to look like female figures.
Romans excelled in the art of architecture.
sculpture borrowed from the Greeks.
polytheistic until 325, then monotheistic (Christian)
Ancient Roman Art

Mosaic- an artwork made of small, cubes of colored marble or glass set on cement.

Arches framed by the standard Roman sequence for multi-storied buildings.
Doric ……….…ground level
Ionic……………….….…..2nd level
Corinthian ……………….3rd level
Corinthian Pilasters……..4th level

Colosseum. AD 72-80

Mural- a large picture painted directly on a wall

Frescos preserved in eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 AD covered Pompeii & Herculaneum.
Cities found in 1738

Fresco- wall paintings done on wet or fresh plaster so the pigment binds with the wall.

House of the Vettii 1st cent AD

Subject: still lifes, portraits, landscapes, mythology
Landscapes often painted as “open windows” to provide a feeling of greater space.


Coffered ceiling- decorated with a series of recessed rectangles.
Oculus- eyelike opening at the top.

Dome- a hemispheric vault or ceiling over a circular opening.

The Pantheon. AD 118-125

Groin Vault- formed when 2 barrel vaults
meet at right angles

Barrel Vault- an arched roof or covering made of brick or concrete.

Triumphal Arch- a heavily decorated arch, used to commemorate certain events.

Arch of Constantine. AD 312-315

Roman Architecture

MEDIUM: concrete
Arch- curved architectural element used to span an opening. Improvement over the post-and-lintel construction of the Greeks because it could bear more weight.

Borrowed from the Greeks
Focused on the bust
Portraits helped to illustrate what the person actually looked like.

Niche- recesses in the wall

How were the paintings preserved?
Charioteer of Delphi
Statue of a Victorious Athlete
(The Getty Bronze)
Old Market Woman
Nike of Samothrace
Porch of the Maidens
III. Greek Painting:

a. Painted amphorae are the only examples we have today of their paintings.
Myrons's Discus Thrower
Think. Pair. Share. Each person will write their answers on their own Venn diagram
Exit Ticket:
Flavian Lady AD 90
I. Greek Sculpture-
i. black figure pottery-
a style in Greek Pottery painting in which the decoration appears as black silhouettes on a red backgroud.
1. forms in 2D space. Little detail.
2. 7th- 6th centuries BC

ii. red figure pottery-
a style of Greek Pottery in which the background is filled with black paint and only the figures' details are painted, allowing the unpainted portions of the figures to take on the reddish tone of the Athenian clay after it is burned.
1. forms in 2D space. more elaborate.
2. 5th-3rd centuries BC

broken into 3 time periods
Black Figure Pottery
Red Figure Pottery
Can you name each monument and which civilization it's from?.

amphora= vase
Full transcript