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OCR AS Classification of skill

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by

Geraint Davies

on 7 October 2015

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Transcript of OCR AS Classification of skill

OCR AS PE
Classification of Skill

Environmental
Muscular Involvement
TASK 2
Closed
Use what you have gathered so far and apply it to the table......
This goal keeper’s
perceptual skills
were poor in this situation – he
misjudged
the ball and as a result he mistimed his clearance.
Skills that involve the use of a persons mental powers – problem solving, verbal reasoning (verbal skill)
Cognitive Skills
E.g. planning split times for a 5000m race to finish in a certain time
Any famous examples??
Smoothly executing physical movements and responses
Motor Skill
e.g. Striking a tennis ball on the backhand resulting in a clear winner
Corner kick in football
The ball is struck
The goalkeeper looks for the ball and sees that it is coming over the players heads and towards the top corner of the goal
Embryonic Experts!
All 3....
Perceptual Skill
The goalkeeper decides to come off his line and catch the ball
Cognitive Skill
The goalkeeper makes the catch
Motor Skill
Please share with each other your own examples
What is skill?
Learning Outcomes
Open
Does the environment influence the performer?
decision making, technique etc.
Does NOT refer to the weather!!!!
Fine
Gross
Does the skill involve much movement of the body’s muscles?
Ability
Early Childhood Play
Foundation Skills
Practice
Sport Specific Skills
ALL: describe each type of skill and identify a relevant sporting example

MOST: explain the key features of each type

SOME: Create and implement relevant coaching methods for each classification
The process of learning
TASK 5
Examples of abilities?
Strength, flexibility, gross body coordination, stamina, balance
Examples of foundation skills?
Evasion, running, catching, kicking, throwing, passing
Examples of sport specific skills?
Rugby pass, basketball dribble, javelin throw
What is Classification of Skill?
Because if we are aware of the common characteristics of each skill, it makes it easier for us to teach/plan practices
Why Bother Classifying Skill?
Putting skills into certain groups based on common characteristics
Continuity
Continuous
Discrete
Does the environment influence the performer?
decision making, technique etc.
Does NOT refer to the weather!!!!
Serial
Clear
beginning/end
Skills can be
repeated
but performer
starts again
Single
specific skill
Several
discrete elements
put together to make
integrated movement
/sequence
The
order
of the elements are important
No obvious
beginning/end
Continues for as long as the performer wishes
The end of one cycle is the beginning of the next
No clear
sub routines
LARGE muscle involvement/movement
Pacing
Externally Paced
Self Paced
Who decides when to start or stop or the timing of the skill?
The performer has
control
over the
rate
at which the skill is carried out
Involves
pro-action
by the performer
The performer has
no control
over the rate at which the skill is carried out
Involves
reaction
by the performer
Information Processing
Complex
Simple
How many decisions do you have to make? How much concentration is required?
Large amount of
info to be processed
A number of
decisions
to be made
quickly
A high number of sub routines that need to be performed
quickly and accurately
Can be
serial
small intricate movements
Highly
Organised
Low Organisation
How easy it is to brake down the separate parts of the action?
Coherence / Organisation
Experts among you..... create your own applied example below
Summary Continued
Summary
Ask a question --- pass it on
Affected by the
environment
Predominantly
perceptual
Movements must be
adapted
Mostly externally paced
No clear beginning or end
Not affected by the environment
Predominantly habitual
Set movements
Self paced
Less decision making
(a) Explain the difference between skill and ability and identify the characteristics of a skilled performer. (4 marks)
1. Skill . learned;
2. Ability . inherited/innate/traits a person possesses/enduring characteristic.
3. Pre-determined results with maximum certainty/intention/goal directed;
4.Minimisation/efficiency/aesthetic/accurate/ smooth/fluent/controlled/ economical/ effortless/consistency/equiv. 4 marks
You are going to see three sporting events
Use the classification sheet to classify each skill in tern
-
you can select two different classifications per one (6 in total!)
-- note the characteristics of the skill as you go......
What have you learned?
1.
2.
3.
Sub routines are
closely integrated
and
difficult to separate
in practice
Best practiced as a
whole
Sub-routines
tend to be discrete
Best practiced
separately
and then integrated into the whole skill
Can be learned /practiced using
part method
Small
amounts of info to be processed
Few decisions
to be made
Can be
discrete
Starter
In your notes...
Note what you know about skill and ability
And the rest is over to you!
The
Flipped
Classroom
log on to YouTube and search for:

WJEC AS PE Classification of Skill Prezi by Geraint
This Prezi is also online!
Full transcript