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Art of the 1920's
Transcript of Art of the 1920's
The 1920’s was a fantastic time the arts and societies around the globe. Standards for living increased and there was an explosion of creativity and free thinking. The 1920’s was chiseled into history by the Harlem Renaissance, Art Deco, political changes, social changes and the rebuilding of nations after one of the deadliest and most traumatic events in human history, World War I.
A cultural hub
Origin of some of the greatest works for art in history
1917 October Revolution or Bolshevik revolution radically changed the Russian Empire and with it politics and the arts.
Soviet Union redirected the arts to be a tool to fuel nationalism and propaganda.
A new agenda was put into place along with rules and restrictions on what could be produced.
The restrictions and abuse of the arts cause it to flourish in its own way making a new style unique to the rest of the world.
Soviet art was a unique style to the Soviet Union.
Soviet avant garde
Can be summed up as Proletkult, short for: Proletarskie kulturno prosvetitelnye organizatsii. Art that is mobilized to serve the proletariat dictatorship.
Soviet Avant Garde
Huge literary changes after October Revolution
Old traditions shattered
Writers were only allowed to write things approved by the leading party.
Failing to comply could result in imprisonment, mass terror and censorship.
Banned literature included works that were, objective or opposed the ideas of the leading party
Writers were expected to produce propaganda on themes of current interest.
Soviet writers were sometimes called “engineers of human soul” and were look at by the Bolshevik as the producers of “the new Soviet man”.
Spoke about 150,000,000 population of Russia rising to begin a revolution
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin
Spoke about the socials movement
Soviet theater & Cinema
Cinema was severely limited and restricted after 1917.
Film industry was absorbed by government
Productions were restricted to what was allowed and failing to comply resulted in censorship or scrapping, or removed.
Social realism was less restricted in theater and cinema in order to develop more human characters.
The topic of communism needed to remain uncriticized in its fundamentals.
The day of Turbins
Russia historically has a rich musical history full of diversity.
Many cultures exist in Russia and they all brought their own unique brands of music.
With all the diversity Russian music has been and still is heavily influenced by ethnic minorities.
Music in the Soviet Union generally was suppressed and limited. There weren't many great strives made during this time for music in Russia.
Jazz in Soviet Russia took off but was later disenfranchised for being labeled bourgeois music.
Graphical sound was a unique style to Soviet Russia where an image was drawn directly;y onto a paper or film that was then played back using a sound system.
A popular song around this time was tvei Blanter, Katyusha
Russian folk music goes back hundreds of years.
Russia is a cultural hub for many people from all around the world that share music with each other.
Russian folk music often tells a tale in song.
This period didn't have large orchestras as would later be seen but was made with smaller groups playing traditional instruments like the Gusli, Gudok and Balalaika.
Classical music in Russia is renowned for its beauty and ingenious.
Russian classical music was heavily influenced by folk music and the composers of the period tried to include aspects of it in their works.
Classical also told stories and tried to paint a scene out of music.
Igor Stravinsky, The Rite of Spring
Joseph Yulyevich Achron , Hebrew Melody
César Cui, Overture to The Mandarin's Son
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and “Flight of the Bumblebee”
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Romeo and Juliet, Waltz of the Flowers, 1812 Overture, Swan Lake and the Sleeping Beauty.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and The Five, are a legendary group of Russian composers comprising of Mily Balakirev, César Cui, Alexander Borodin, Modest Mussorgsky, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov adn Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.
Tasked to produce Russian music to rival Western.
Japan has a well established artistic history that goes back over a thousand years
After World War 1 Japan saw a huge growth and change in its arts.
Style of the time was called Deco Japan
Japan opened up to the rest of the world and Western culture became extremely popular.
There was significant turmoil at this time with people that wanted to maintain old traditions of art and people that wanted to move on and do something new.
Japan has a very traditionalist mindset.
Art in Japan between 1920 and 1945 can is often called Deco Japan.
The figure that represented the Japanese style during this time in Japan was called Moga, Modan or Gaaru. To the outside world, Modern Girl.
Modern Girl represented the social changes made to society during the time for women especially.
Another figure was the flying fish which highlighted characteristics of the Deco period such as consumption, luxury, speed, travel, elegance and exoticism.
Used to express new social norms, styles, liberation and a new way of life.
She represented Japans new age of jazz, freedom, consumption, pleasure and comfort
Modern Girl was often depicted in new styles of clothing, using luxuries such as hair ornaments and cosmetics .
Her behavior stood against traditional Japanese social norms.
Was shown smoking, drinking and dancing.
Scenese for Modern Girl most often included dance halls and cafés doing things normally not done in traditional Japanese society.
The Japane equivalent of America's flappers.
Long history and deeply rooted in Japanese culture even today.
Heavy influences from China, India and Buddhism in Japan.
Japan split off from the Chinese norms and developed its own unique style.
Japan was also heavily influenced by Western literature after the 1860's and the Edo period ended.
In the 1920's a proletarian literary style took hold in Japan.
Popular writers were: Denji Kuroshima, Takiji Kobayashi, Ineko Sata and Yuriko Miyamoto.
Worte "agains the grain"
Wrote about the stories of the working class, women, peasents and the efforts made by them to better their situation.
This time brought some of the first popular women writers. Something not seen before.
Works of this time still cary influence today.
neko de aru
Written by Natsume Sōseki.
More on the 1920's
After the events of World War 1 the world went under huge social and political changes. It can clearly be seen that the changes in the way people thought and from the ruins of the world after the war a clean slate was created for art. Due to this the arts flourished in a new way never before seen. The arts of this time carried the thoughts and expressions of people around the world in a new and brilliant way.
Japanese music underwent a lot of changes in the 1920's.
People wanted to hear new music, Western Music.
Jazz became hugely popular in Japan but was never produced with success in Japan.
New music included aspects from Western music and traditional Japanese styles.
Lullaby of Takeda, (modern but 1920's style)
Theater and cinema
Theater and cinema have been common place in Japan for a very long time.
Cinema took a hit in the 1920's because Japanese production companies couldn't compete with Hollywood.
Samurai films took hold of the world at this time almost single handedly saved the Japanese film industry.
Theater in Japan exploded during this time.
Theater In Japan
After Japan opened itself up to the rest of the world it became a huge consumer of theater. Never before seen works from Shakespeare, Ancient Greece, Samuel Beckett and Fyodor Dostoevsky were being seen by the public for the first time. Japan, Tokyo specifically, became one of the worlds leading theatrical centers with as many as 3,000 performances being shown yearly mostly in Tokyo.
The United States
The 1920's is perhaps best known for the United States. Every aspect of peoples lives changed: art, fashion, social customs, music, politics, food, architecture, and lots more. After the war efforts were over there were brand new jobs that needed filling. This caused a mass migration of people to America. With new people came new ideas. This was a time when people became richer and wanted to live the high life. This time was called the roaring 20's but would end with a bust when the stock market collapses in 1929 causing the Great Depression that would last for a decade. The 20's also included the Harlem Renaissance that would go on to fuel civil rights movements and settle its place in history for its unique style and history.
Has roots from art from France and Brussels from before World War 1. Derives from Art Décoratifs
Displayed luxury, style, class, pleasure, celebrated social and technological progress, glamour and prosperity.
Empire State Building
Portrait of the
Duchess of La Salle
Spirit of the Wind
American literature during the 1920's often wrote about the futility of war and serious topics that tackled human nature
Literature shifter from a more victorian style to a more democratic style that talked about human issues, love and the search for happiness and pleasure in life.
F. Scott Fitzgerald, Great Gatsby.
Ezra Pound, Hugh Selwym Mauberley
Harlem Renaissance writers including Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston and James Weldon Jognson.
Huge changes in music.
Jazz took America by storm and spread to the rest of the world.
Jazz was so popular the 1920's is sometimes called the "Jazz Age".
Started in New Orleans but shifter to Chicago when musicians needed work but New York would later be the settling place for being the jazz hub of the world.
Fats Walkler, Ain’t Misbehavin’, Mamie Smith Crazy Blues.
Important figures are: Willy "The Lion" Smith, Louis Armstrong, Sidney Bechet, Duke Ellington, Bessie Smith and Josephine Baker.
Hollywood took the movie scene by storm globally.
Popular movies include: Metropolis, Nosferatu, The Passion of Joan of Arc and The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari.
This was one of the most productive periods for Hollywood.
Broadway also grew in popularity and this time was widely considered to the prime time of Broadway.
First African American film stars
A Famous theater performance of the time was, No, No, Nanette and Sally.
Abstract geometricism with an art deco emphasis