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Year 7 Debating Program

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Aileen Venetis

on 17 September 2014

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Transcript of Year 7 Debating Program

Notes
Topics
Teams
Sides
Year 7 Debating Program
What is debating?
an
informed
fight with words.
an argument between two parties that strongly believe in a particular point of view.
Why learn how to debate?
to develop public speaking skills,
to improve listening skills,
to improve reading, writing and researching skills,
team building,
to appreciate other points of view,
to create an interest in current affairs - REAL ISSUES,
to increase logical thinking,
to learn how to present well-reasoned arguments and how to defend ideas,
to prepare yourself for high school in terms of group work and the high school debating program,
to develop autonomy and to have fun.
How important is it to do it well?
Debating has strict rules of conduct and quite sophisticated arguing techniques.

You will often be in a position where you will have to argue the opposite of what you believe in but still need to convince your audience. You are expected to take this seriously and come up with powerful arguments.

Your speeches in Rounds 2 and 3 are assessed and will contribute to your English grade in the Semester 2 report.

Your ability to work to schedule and as a member of a group is also watched and assessed and will contribute towards your effort marks.
Topics, Teams and Sides
If a debate is a form of argument, then there must be something to argue about. This is called a TOPIC.

And to argue a topic, you need a TEAM. This team has three people in it.

And as a team, you will focus on either agreeing or disagreeing with the topic. This is called the POSITIVE or the NEGATIVE side.

Lets look at this a little closer.
What guarantees success in debating?
TEAMWORK
is above all the most important element to success in debating. You need to understand and accept that in order to have a strong and winning team, you have to work as one, regardless of who you are with. Remember, there is no "I" in Team! It is not all about you!

You will be expected to meet out of class hours, communicate via email and set aside time for
PRACTICE PRACTICE PRACTICE!
You need to look at the schedule and know when you are debating and must be prepared and ready on the day.

Being organised, able to make changes, asking for help early and accepting constructive criticism is essential to your success and gives you life long learning skills.
What skills do I need before I start?
One of the most important skills needed for debating is knowing how to research. In the next session, we will look at this in detail.

Another important skill is the ability to communicate. You can never assume that your team members have the knowledge or readiness you do. Using checklists and group meetings are essential and force you to communicate by asking questions, clarifying things you are unsure about and refining your speeches together.

You need to know how to organise your information. Whether it be using a computer or handwritten, everything must be in order and accessible. You will not be able to print your speeches 5 minutes before the debate! YES this has happened!
The purpose of debating is to persuade your classmates and teachers with content, style and strategy while enjoying friendly competition.
The topics you will be debating on are realistic, relevant and interesting.

The topics are chosen for you and relate to issues in today's society which affect you and potentially your future!

An example is:
The age to obtain a drivers licence in Australia should be increased to 21.
There are two teams in debating.

The positive team (a.k.a the affirmative) and the negative team.

Each team has three people and are named First, Second and Third Speakers and each "Speaker" has different responsibilities.

You will have the chance to debate in all positions and on both sides.

The teachers arrange the teams for the first three rounds and the teams who place in semi-finals and finals are drawn from a hat.
The positive side AGREES with the topic's position and has to argue why they agree.

The negative side DISAGREES with the topics position and has to argue why they disagree.

Both sides also have to REBUT the oppositions arguments.
The people involved in debating are:
The debating Teams
The Adjudicators
The Chairperson
The Timekeeper and
The Audience

Each person has their own responsibilities and must know and understand them clearly.
The Adjudicators
are the judges and are always the teachers.
In round 1, it will be your class teacher as round 1 debates are with your own class only.

In round 2 and 3, you will be grouped with other year 7 students and present debates in either of the four year 7 classrooms. The Adjudicator will be that classroom teacher.

In the semi-finals and finals, the Adjudicators consist of three year 7 teachers.

The Chairperson
opens, runs and closes the debate. There is a set transcript which the Chairperson follows.

The Timekeeper
, times each speakers speech, rings the bell at set times and provides the final time to the Adjudicators.

You will have the opportunity to experience at least one of the above two roles.

The Audience
is YOU when you are not debating. There are high expectations placed on audience members which will be explained in due course.
Understanding the Topic
Next: List all possible arguments to support your position.
The first and most important part of debating is understanding and defining your topic. Why?
Understanding the topic also means recognising what has NOT been said. This is vital for your arguments.
Defining the topic needs to be an inclusion in the First Speaker speeches.
As a team, you need to read your topic and choose the words which will need to be defined. You have to also remember to use the definition relevant to the context.
Let's look at the topic:
The Macdonalds Chain should be shutdown.

Regardless what side you are on, most words will need a definition. Your defined topic will sound like:

MacDonalds
- a corporation of the world's largest hamburger, fast-food restaurants;
Chain
- a franchise operation which provisions standardised ingredients and partially prepared foods and supplies to each restaurant through controlled supply channels;
should
- meaning "ought" indicating a desirable or expected outcome; and
shutdown
- to cease operations.

If you are on the positive team, you agree that Macdonalds should be shutdown and if on the negative, you disagree and do not believe that Macdonalds should close.



Positive
Negative
responsible for obesity epidemic
expensive
unhealthy foods
links to cancer
takes away business from local food stores
encourages less home cooking
creates employment
provides dinner solutions to working families
healthy items available
caters to vegetarians
Macdonalds not the only fast-food chain
Next: list the top three arguments.
Positive
responsible for obesity epidemic
encourages less home cooking
links to cancer
Then: Choose order of topics by speaker
Speaker 1 -
Strongest argument
- obesity epidemic
Speaker 2 - Second strongest argument - links to cancer
Speaker 3 - Third strongest - less home cooking
Before you each start researching your argument, there are two more things to do;
rephrase your topic (this is for first speaker only)
In other words,
all the Macdonalds restaurants around the world ought to be closed.
Next, come up with a team theme.
The
Team Theme
is essential and will need to be mentioned at least three times during your speech.
try to think of something quick and catchy - like a slogan or advertising campaign example
using alliteration or repetition is one of the best strategies and easily remembered
try not to make your theme too long
The Golden Arch needs to be stopped in it's path.
Marking Criteria
You will receive a mark out of 30.
This is broken into three parts.
Matter
- The content - the power of your argument, the points you make, the language you use.
Manner
- the way you stand, how you use the space, voice projection, eye-contact, confidence, passion, pacing, gestures.
Method
- arousal, point of order, definition, restating, theme, quotes and rebuts.

Macdonalds should stay - the benefits outweigh!
Full transcript