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I ♥ gadgets [BCM112]

Platforms, permissions and ideologies in technological convergence
by

Dr Teodor Mitew

on 20 March 2016

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Transcript of I ♥ gadgets [BCM112]

closed appliances
tethered
to closed ecosystem
Flash is a cross platform development tool. It is not Adobe's goal to help developers write the best iPhone, iPod and iPad apps. It is their goal to help developers write
cross platform apps
.
philosophy
Steve Jobs
[on why Flash is not allowed in the Apple ecosystem]
the product is connectivity
5 November 2007
Open Handset Alliance
34 companies [hardware, OS, telco]
currently 84
open standards for mobile devices
CyanogenMod
>50 million installs
android allows
rooting
of OS
first mobile cell phone
Dr Martin Cooper, Motorolla
1992
Philips Ilium Synergy
Nokia 1011
first 2G phone
first
3G
networks in Japan & South Korea
2 generation: digital signal
3 generation: packet switching, broadband speeds
first iPhone
towards always-on
1983
1 generation: analog signal
2008
2007
first Android phone
HTC Dream
Today we're introducing three revolutionary new products. Three things: a widescreen iPod with touch controls; a revolutionary mobile phone; a breakthrough internet communications device.

Are you getting it? These are not three separate devices!

We are calling it...iPhone!
Steve Jobs, iPhone premiere, 9 January 2007
Original slogan
>>
iPhone: Apple reinvents the phone
[The Apple iPhone is] a sterile Disney-fied walled garden surrounded by sharp-toothed lawyers....I hate it.
Tim Bray, code guru, Android developer
The Future of The Internet and How to Stop It, p.59
Jonathan Zittrain
The fundamental difference between a PC and an information appliance:
the PC can run code from anywhere, written by anyone
, while
the information appliance remains tethered to its maker's desires
, offering a more consistent and focused user experience at the expense of flexibility and innovation.
iPhone
iPod
closed devices
walled garden
of apps
complete control
over
platform, content, and user
device philosophy
APPLE INC
APPLE INC
APPLE INC
Google's response
>>
the android coders
>>
Despite all of the very interesting speculation over the last few months, we're not announcing a Gphone. However, we think what we are announcing - the
Open Handset Alliance and Android
- is more significant and ambitious than a single phone.
Andy Rubin, The Official Google Blog, 05 November 2007
Google Director of Mobile Platforms
http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2007/11/wheres-my-gphone.html
device philosophy
no control
over
platform, content, and user
open garden of apps
open and free
platform
the App Store
independent android markets
based on
Linux kernel
I think Android hurts them more than it helps them. It’s just going to divide them and people who want to be their partners.
Steve Jobs, NYTimes Interview, 15 January 2008
http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/01/15/the-passion-of-steve-jobs/
2001
2010
iPad
2007
android available for free
allows independent app markets
android is open source
total control over iOS
total control over app market
total control over developers
millions of independent OS developers
cutthroat hardware manufacturer competition:
Samsung, HTC, LG, Huawei, Xiaomi, Meizu, ZTE
only Apple developers can work on OS
one hardware manufacturer: Apple
By convergence I mean the
flow of content
across multiple
media platforms
, the cooperation between multiple
media industries
, and the migratory behavior of
media audiences
.
Henry Jenkins, 'Worship at the altar of convergence,' p.2
digital
from analog to
flow of content
across platforms
content
content
channels
control
!
flow of
multiple
the audience
Jay Rosen
industries
audiences
technologies
convergence
books
magazines
newspapers
case>>
Kindle Fire

content
consumption
appliance

the internet today
each individual node in the network can broadcast to the entire network
distributed control
a network built to ensure content
flows freely
no matter what
The internet is a copy machine. At its most foundational level, it copies every action, every character, every thought we make while we ride upon it. In order to send a message from one corner of the internet to another,
the protocols of communication demand that the whole message be copied along the way several times
.
Kevin Kelly
I ♥ gadgets
platforms, permissions & ideologies in technological convergence
We define everything
that is on the phone . . . . You don’t want your phone to be like a PC. The last thing you want is to have loaded three apps on your phone and then you go to make a call and it doesn’t work anymore. These are more like iPods than they are like computers.
Steve Jobs
we are
locking your options
for your own good
access permissions
ideological choices
control over
choices
expansion of choices concentration of ownership
which philosophy is
empowering
users?
when open platforms become closed
generativity dies
Imagine a world where there are
two kinds of media power
: one comes through
media concentration
, where any message gains authority simply by being broadcast on network television; the other comes through
collective intelligence
, where a message gains visibility only if it is deemed relevant to a loose network of diverse publics.
Convergence
is both a top-down corporate-driven process and a bottom-up consumer-driven process
Evan Williams
Twitter originally designed as a broadcast medium
sharing was invented by users
generativity
Clay Shirky
access to information access to conversation
radio telephone
WWI
WWII
1972 arrival of the portable phone
1975 Altair 8080
the microcomputer
connectivity
convergence
locked
appliances

vs
generative
platforms

ideologies
generative platforms facilitating flow of content
philosophy
ideologies
you take responsibility
for your free choices
customized Android OS
movies
internet
rooting
not allowed
Henry Jenkins
media technologies become
content platforms
key dynamic:
ubiquitous connectivity
key dynamic:
the smartphone as an interface to the internet
how an open, generative system mutates into a closed appliance
gaining
root
access to the code
allows complete control over the hardware and software
result of rooting
>>
regular patches removing roots
main theme
>>
case>>
closed appliance vs generative platform
Henry Jenkins
the paradox of convergence
No one knows everything, everyone knows something
Pierre Levy
generative platforms
locked appliances
the intended result is
pure consumption
generative, open ended
closed, one way
permission culture
ideologies
choices
#BCM112
thank you
people formerly known as
case
>>
meanwhile
1997
2001
always on
, always connected
we are
in
the medium
2010
mobile
supersedes
legacy infrastructure
the internet is now
part of your body
always
on
always
connected
always
on you
main dynamic
>>
control
over use
are
android
>>
anyone can access and modify the code
Google Play
+
Apple's response
>>
platform ideology
platform ideology
March 2015
>>
>>
>>
>>
locked devices
generative platforms
mid 2010
>>
end 2010
>>
end 2011
>>
>>
2013
mid 2011
>>
>>

user empowering
owner empowering
open culture
>>
locked
generative
>>
>>
the effects of convergent media extend beyond the sum of their parts
this lecture is
not about
which platforms are 'good' or 'bad'
this lecture is
not about
aesthetic preferences
this lecture is
not about
features
this lecture is about the
affordances
implicit in media platforms
this lecture is about
choices
and their absence
the medium is the message
LARGEST NATIONAL SMARTPHONE MARKETS (Approximate) 2014:
1 . . China … … 415 M . . 32%
2 . . USA … … . 120 M … 9%
3 . . India … … . . 80 M … 6%
4 . . Brazil … … . 45 M … 3%
5 . . Germany … . 35 M … 3%
6T . Russia … … 30 M … 2%
6T . UK … … … 30 M … 2%
6T . Japan … … 30 M … 2%
9T . France … … 25 M … 2%
9T . Indonesia … . 25 M … 2%
Source TomiAhonen Almanac 2015
>>
2014
>>
consider this 3D printer
locked appliance or generative platform?
>>
consider this 3D printer
locked appliance or generative platform?
Mojo Desktop by Stratasys
Felix 2.0 by Felix Robotics
access to information, or access to conversation?
Full transcript