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Transcript of Rosa Mayreder
Rosa Mayreder 1858-1938
Rosa Mayreder grew up during a time where girls did not have the chance to acquire a higher education.
Pursued knowledge and learning as much as she could, hoping she would be different from the everyday norm of society
Took painting lessons
Studied Greek and Latin alongside her brothers
Mostly self taught
Married Karl Mayreder in 1881; Karl was an Architect and later helped with the Ringstrausse and was associated with Otto Wagner.
Karl Mayreder retired in 1924 due to mental illness.
Believed relationships should be equal in every aspect, being a feminist, she was against any stereotypes.
Financially independent due to inheritance from her father.
Had a miscarriage in 1883, remained childless.
Karl encouraged her to pursue her career and was very supportive.
Rosa was also known as a painter. Started painting from a young age & was the first woman to be admitted into the Aquarellist Club.
In 1891, a watercolor painting of hers was exhibited for the first time in Viennesse Kunstlerhaus (House of Artists)
In addition to painting, she also wrote art reviews for The Viennesse Daily.
Due to the fact that she was not allowed the opportunity to pursue formal education, she started the Kunstlerschule fer Frauen und Madchen. (Art school for Women and Girls)
As well as being a women's rights activist and presenter, Rosa also wrote novels and articles.
Her work was based on gender equality, and the double standards of men and women.
Rosa was disappointed by the lack of opportunity for learning provided to women so she became vice president to the General Austrian Women's Association, chairperson for the Austrian's Women League for Peace and Freedom, and was a member of the Austrian Society for Peace.
Feminism in the aspect of
Social constructs vs psychological constructs
Main Idea of works center around progressive ideas to deal with a dicotomized society between man and women.
Themes in Fiction
Zur Kritik der Weiblichkeit
(Critism of Femininity or Womenhood)
Grundzuge (Basics or Essentials)
Frauen und Frauentypen (Women and type of women)
Perspektiven der Individualitdt (aspects of the indivdual)
writes against ideas formally presented by Heine, Goethe, Nietzshe, Hippel, Schopenhauer, Haverlock Ellis, Pope and Mobius.
Fauen und Frauentypen:
Primitive and Differientiated Women
Perspektiven der Individualitdt
Lucinde (1799) by Schlegel
"transcending sexual difference” and “equal opportunities to develop unique personalities”
Femenist Movement has three different causes and aims.
Ecomic Social, and Ethical-psychological
Kirsten Leng explains Mayreder
Synthetic Human Beings
and a connection to Rosa's Childhood.
Focus on non-fiction
Critics Opinions on Mayreder's fictional writings. Do they connect or have any revilence to the importance of her nonfiction writings
Sien Ideal- "offers the most detailed example of Mayreder's primitive woman whose life is dominated by either the law of the father or of the husband" -Jane Sokolosky the writer of Primitive or Differentiated?
"Through sarcasm and blatant anti-emancipatory commetary it challeges the reader to reconsider the state of both women's and men's education and upbringing.”
Born in Vienna on November 30, 1858 to Franz Obermeyer & Maria Engel(second wife) & had 13 siblings.
Franz Obermeyer was the owner of Winterbierhaus in Vienna was a Protestant.
Rosa however, was raised Catholic, as during this time the boys were raised the same religion as the father and the daughters as the mother.
“Men will only know what women really are when they stop telling women what they should be.”
Rosa and Freud
Freud did not have an extended encounter with Rosa
Rosa's husband was a patient of Freud's
He suffered from depression Freud couldn't cure
Otto and Rosa were essentially arch rivals
Mayreder was a champion of Austrian Feminism
Weininger was the world champion of misogyny
Rosa wrote a book, "Gender and Culture" in response to his "Sex and Character"
Rosa appreciated Wagner's stance against Christianity
Wagner fell out of favor with her when he later reversed his stance
Nietzsche refuted Christianity
This made him fall into favor with Rosa after Richard fell out
"The goal of life is to cultivate aspects of personality's that both sexes share, such as intelligence, charity, and aestheticism."
Growing up with parents that believed education would make a girl go bald and spoil her figure, Rosa was outraged and fought for more opportunities for women.
First public lecture was in 1894 which criticized the discrimination against prostitutes.
Founded a school for women with Rosa
Art school for Austrian girls and women