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Copy of 5th Grade STAAR Review

Review of TEKS

Wendy Cook

on 13 June 2013

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Transcript of Copy of 5th Grade STAAR Review

Building Understanding
Thank you for your attention!
And one more thing...
I would like to remind you to take you time. You know how 4 hours feels after yesterday. After you finish the test the first time, which should not be before lunch, you need to go back over your answers. Since, you probably got tired near the end, you may want to start at the back. Ask yourself, "Did I verify the answer and note in which paragraph I found the answer?" If you didn't go back and verify. Ask yourself,"Did I have problems with this question?" If you did, go back and double check your answer. Ask yourself, "Was I getting tired on this story?" Reread it after lunch or after you've closed your eyes for a few minutes and try again. Don't give in, keep working until you feel good about all your answers. I believe in every one of you. We have all worked hard and you will do just fine. All you can do is try your best. No one can ask more of you than that. I know you will try your best.
A root is the basic word part that another word is made from. A base word is a part of a longer word that can stand on its own. An affix is a special group of letters that is added before or after a root. A prefix is an affix added at the beginning of a root word. A suffix is an affix added at the end of a root word.
Words or phrases surrounding an unknown word that give hints about its meaning.
Literary Devices: Figurative Language
idioms - words mean something entirely different from what they seem to mean.
adages - a saying that has been popularly accepted over a long period of time. Expresses a truth or insight; for example, "where there's smoke, there's fire."
proverbs - popularly known and repeated. Proverbs often express advice based on common sense or practical experience. "Bad news travels fast" and "better late than never" are proverbs. They are different from idioms in that their meaning is literal - they mean exactly what they say.
Word Parts
Context Clues, Word Relationships
Idioms, Adages, and Proverbs
Prefix: Mis- wrong misinform
Suffix: -ion act of doing something election
antonym - words that have the opposite meaning, such as hot and cold.
synonym-words that have the same, or almost the same, meaning, such as speedy and quickly.
multiple-meaning words
analogy - comparison of two things based on their similarities or differences. For example: large is to elephant as the word tiny is to amoeba.

Using a Dictionary, Thesaurus, and Glossary - guide words, syllabication, pronunciation
fore•head [fawr-id, for-; fawr-hed, for-] noun
1. the part of the face above the eyebrows; brow.
2. the fore or front part of anything.
thesaurus - gives synonyms and antonyms of words.

Understanding Text
Reading Strategies and Comprehension
Purpose: Reason for reading
Headings: Break up the parts of the passage
Background Knowledge: what you have learned from books you have read and from your personal experiences
Literal Questions: About specific facts in the text
Interpretive Questions: Questions that don't have one correct answer
Evaluative Question: Question about the value of a fact or idea in the passage
Universal Questions: Questions help you think about how the passage relates to you, others, and the world.
Main Idea and Details
Main Idea: What the passage is mostly about.
Supporting Details: Facts or other pieces of information that prove the main idea.
Topic: Subject of a passage
Skim: Read text quickly to find the main idea.
Scan: Look more closely for key details such as names and dates.
Summarize: Give an overview of its main ideas and details.
Paraphrase: Put in your own words.
There are many different kinds of carnivorous plants. Carnivorous plants are plants that get nutrients from trapping and eating insects and spiders. These plants are generally found in locations with poor soil. There are many different ways carnivorouse plants trap and eat animals. Pitcher plants have a large cavity, or pitcher, that insects fall into. The Venus flytrap has leaves that close and trap insects.
What is the main idea?
Make Inferences
Inference: An educated guess based on available facts and details.
Background Knowledge: What you already know based on your own experiences.
Conclusion: A decision you make based on information provided in a text.
Organizational Patterns
Sequence - Chronological order: Presenting events in the order in which they occur.
Cause and Effect: A cause is the reason something happens. The effect is what happens as a result.
Problem and Solution: A problem is a difficulty or conflict. A solution is the way the difficulty is removed or reduced.
Compare and Contrast: Compare means to tell how two or more things are alike. Contrast means to tell how they are different.
Text Features:
Headings: Short titles in bold print above a section of text.
Map: A visual depiction of an area that may be used to show geographical features, city locations, or distances between places.
Charts, Graphs, and Tables: visual representations that organize information so it is easy for readers to understand. For example, a bar graph is made up of several bars, each representing a different amount of something.
Diagrams: Clarify concepts or show how a person should perform a task.
Timeline: Graphic that lists a series of events in order and the date each event occurred.

Literary Elements
Character, plot and conflict
Characters are people in a story, with the protagonist being the focus of the story.
The antagonist is the character who opposes the protagonist in a story.
Character traits are all the qualitiis that make up a character's appearance and personality. Ask yourself, "Why is the character doing this?" Or, :Why is the character behaving this way?" Suppose the character says:
"I'm going to save every penny I get until I have enough to buy that bike."
You know the character's motivation is the desire for a bike. If you can recognize both traits and motivation, you will have a good understanding of the characters in a story.
Plot and Conflict
Plot - series of events in a story.
Conflict - struggle or problem faced by the characters in a story.
Expostion - Introduces the reader to the characters - This includes the setting or location and time in which a story takes place.
Conflict - person vs. person
- person vs. nature
Rising Action - made up of events that build the reader's interest.
Foreshadowing - When events that occur as part of the rising action hint at events that will occur later in the story, is is called foreshadowing.
Climax - The most exciting part of the story. It is sometimes refered to as the turning point.
Falling Action - Events that occur after the climax.
Resolution - The solving of the story's problem. The resolution usually explains how the story's conflict was resolved and how the different characters were affected.
Point of View
1st Person
uses I or we
Second Person
uses you, your
Third Person
limited - only know what character says and does
omniscient - Finds out the thoughts of some or all of the characters
Theme, Poetry, Imagery, Sensory Details
and Figurative Language
Theme - the central idea or meaning of a story - Lesson, moral or comment on life that an author wants the reader to understand
Imagery - Language that appeals to the senses Sensory details - appeal to the five senses - smell, sight, taste, touch and hearing
simile - compares two things using the words like or as.
metaphor - a comparison without using the words, like or as
hyperbole - an exaggeration used to make a point or create a picture in the reader's mind
personification - giving human characteristics to something that is not human
Poetry - type of writing that uses figurative language to express ideas, emotions, and images.
verse - line of poetry
rhyme scheme - the pattern of rhymes in a poem
'Twas Friday morn when we set sail,
And we had not got far from land,
When the Captain, he spied a lovely mermaid,
With a comb and a glass in her hand
Internal rhyme - a type of rhyme that occurs within a line of poetry.
Soon after the sun set, I fell into a deep sleep
Alliteration - repetition of the same letter at the beginning of nearby words in a single line
Onomatopoeia - sound device that is the use of words that sound like what they mean --boom, hiss, and crackle
Drama - type of literature that is meant to be performed onstage by actors -- use dialogue
cast of characters
stage directions

Literary Nonfiction
literary nonfiction that tells the story of a person's life.
a text in which a person describes his or her own life
Compare and Contrast Literary Works

Traditional stories that usually explain a belief or a nautral phenomenon.

Short, simple story that tells a lesson ( Aesop)
Ways Author's May Organize Their Writing
Some passages are organized around a cause and its effect. A cause is the reason something happens, and the effect is what happens as a result.
Cause and Effect
Animals' Homes
One way we learned to compare and contrast was by using the matrix
Falling Dominoes - cause and effect structure
Why Do I Blush?

Bubble Map - or Web

Descriptive Structure -Web
"Hunting the Horned Lizard"

Sequential - Linear String
Ice Cream - For example, in this article the equipment did not have to be listed in any particular oder, but the steps to make the ice cream needed to be ordered.
Freeways - Pros and Cons - T Chart
Persuasion and Argument
Author's Purpose - What he or she wants to accomplish by writing a particular piece
When the author wants to inform readers about a topic, he or she includes factual details that can be verified, or proved to be true. Ask yourself if the author focuses on facts that could be researched and confirmed as true.
The author may write to persuade readers to think a particular way about a topic. He or she states a position on an issue and includes supporting evidence to prove why that position is correct. Ask yourself if the author wants you to agree with his or her opinion on an issue. If so, the author's purpose is to persuade.
When an author wants to entertain readers, he or she is not trying to educate readers or convince them to take a position. The author simply writes something her or she thinks readers will enjoy.
When an author writes to express He or she shares their emotions or feelings with the reader.

Point of view is the way an author feels about someone or something
Reason and Evidence
A claim expresses a writer's point of view. A claim is also normally an opinion.
An opinion is a statement that cannot be proven
A fact is something that can be proven true and can be used to prove something else true.
Relevant evidence is any information that is related to the issue and supports a position
Exaggeration is a trick that writers use which is an advertisement or stretching of the truth, to prove a point
Contradictory statements are statements that sound true, but after you think about them, your realize they are not.
Misleading statements make readers believe something is true when really it is not.
Use Factual Details for Support
Some details can be verified. When you verify information, you check that it is true. To verify a detail, you may go to a trusted source, such as a reference book or a government Web site. Remember to ask yourself if you are sure you can trust the resource before you use it to check information.
Another word for informational article is Expository. It is non-fiction.
When making an inference from informational texts, your use the facts available to you. A generalization is a broad statement based on specific details.
When you compare, you look at things that are alike. When you contrast things, you look at differences. When comparing and contrasting informational texts you think about topics, text organization, scope and main ideas
Comparing and Contrasting Texts
Make connections Within the Text

Think about how details in one part of a text connect to details in another part of the text. Understanding the connections beween these ideas within the same text will help you figure out what the writer wants you to know.
Beyond Text: Forms of Media
Sounds, graphics, images, and words can work together.
Special Techniques
Tone - an attitude or feeling expressed by what someone is writing or saying. Many words can be used to describe tone.
funny informal apologetic
happy casual concerned
amused angry formal
lighthearted stern serious

Beyond Text: Media Perspectives
Documentary - film that is designed to educate viewers about real people or events.
News programs - on television or on the Internet are similar to documentaries because they focus on real people and events.
The main difference between the two is that documentaries are very detailed, with a deep focus on one topic. News programs are more general, giving a broad overview of many current topics.
An advertisement on radio or television.
Cause and Effect
"Lake Living"
"Stair Masters"
Descriptive - Listing
Full transcript