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THE World of Sentences pt. 1

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Tawauna Ferguson Dixon

on 22 August 2017

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Transcript of THE World of Sentences pt. 1

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
The World of Sentences
How do I build sentences based on my ideas?
Sentences must have at a minimum:
complete idea or thought
How do I make fragments sentences
Sentence Structure

Sentence Structure
The following guidelines will help you with writing clear, concise, and grammatically correct sentences. Specifically, the following examples are common errors people make when writing. Try to avoid these mistakes and use the suggestions to help you correct your errors.

This is a sentence fragment because it is a dependent clause. You may also notice that the sentence seems to be an incomplete thought; you might be wondering what happened because the writer didn’t see the stop sign. By pairing this dependent clause with an independent clause, we fix the sentence:

I kept driving because I did not see the stop sign.

Fragment sentences also occur when a sentence lacks both a subject and a verb. Consider the following sentence:

Ran into an old friend at the mall.

This fragment sentence has a verb, “ran,” but lacks a subject. By including a subject, we can correct the sentence:

I ran into an old friend at the mall.

Run-on Sentences

I stopped by Manuel’s house he was busy getting ready for the party.

There are two subjects (“I” and “he”) and two verbs (“stopped” and “was”) in this sentence. Therefore, there are two independent clauses: 1. “I stopped by Manuel’s house” and 2. “He was busy getting ready for the party.”

Visit QEP@: http://irp.savannahstate.edu/SACS/qep.htm
Vist SSU Writing Center @: http://savannahstate.edu/class/rewrite/index.shtml
or stop by Payne Hall in Room 201
Email: ssuwritingcenter@savannahstate.edu

Let's Connect
Run-on sentences occur when your sentence contains more than one independent clause. An independent clause has both a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. Consider the following sentence:
You can fix a run-on sentence by separating the two independent clauses with a semi-colon or a comma and a conjunction. You can also fix a run-on sentence by simply breaking the sentence up. Below are some corrected versions of our example run-on:
I stopped by Manuel’s house, but he was busy getting ready for the party.
I stopped by Manuel’s house; he was busy getting ready for the party.
I stopped by Manuel’s house. He was busy getting ready for the party.
Fragments commonly occur when one of the elements of a sentence is missing or if it is merely a dependent clause.
Consider the following sentence:

Because I did not see the stop sign.
Fragments Continued
Comma Splices
A comma splice occurs when two complete sentences are joined with a comma. A comma is not a strong enough stop to join to complete ideas.

I really enjoy my Spanish class on Tuesdays and on Thursdays, the teacher is excellent.
This is a comma splice because there are two independent clauses joined together with a comma. How can this sentence be corrected?
Consider the following sentence:
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