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Communication V.S. Language

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Stephanie Siow

on 19 May 2014

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Transcript of Communication V.S. Language

How Do We Define a Language?
Stephanie Siow
A Theory of Knowledge Class Presentation By:
Panbanisha
The Bonobo Chimpanzee
Would you say that....
The chimp had learned how to communicate in our language and use it in the same way humans do?
It's just delusional, wishful thinking and that the chimp is only utilizing what it had been trained?
OR
Is this communicating through basic signals, or actually using a language?
How do we define a language?
Communication Language
Can occur at all levels of complexity
Perceived through all the senses
Can be very basic
Can include definitions of a language
Highly complex
Perceived mainly through auditory senses
Known for being very "human exclusive"
Animal Communication
 Chemical signals
 Smell
 Touch
 Movement
 Posture
 Facial gestures
 Visual signals
 Sound

Human's Use of Language
Human language is composed of arbitrary symbols that can be rearranged to form new meanings and sentences that other humans can understand. It doesn’t matter if the other human receiving the message has never heard the combination of words put together before, the recipient is still able to decipher the meaning.
What differentiates it from animal communication?
Human language is learned
Doesn't have to be in context.
Why can we understand this?
"The transmission of a signal from one animal to another such that the sender benefits, on average, from the response of the recipient."
Different Qualities
http://www.animalplanet.com/tv-shows/wild-kingdom/videos/prairie-dogs-sound-the-alarm.htm

Prairie Dog
Elephants
Beetles
Killer Whales
Koko Grieving Over Cat
Koko the Gorilla
Full transcript