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Classification

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by

Mark Van Arsdale

on 30 December 2015

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Transcript of Classification

Biological
Classification

Taxonomy
Aristotle
Linnaeus
Based on truly obvious visible features
Established clear rules for a two-name, naming-system called binomial nomenclature
Example:
Common name- humans
KINGDOM - Animalia
PHYLUM - Chordata
CLASS - Mammalia
ORDER - Primates
FAMILY - Hominidae
GENUS - Homo
SPECIES - Homo sapiens
“Mine is the first step and therefore a small one, though worked out with much thought and hard labor. You, my readers or hearers of my lectures, if you think I have done as much as can fairly be expected of an initial start. . . will acknowledge what I have achieved and will pardon what I have left for others to accomplish.” - Aristotle
Example:
Common name
- Banana Slug
KINGDOM Animalia
PHYLUM - Mollusca
CLASS - Gastropoda
ORDER - Heterobranchia
FAMILY - Ariolimacidae
GENUS - Ariolimax
SPECIES - Ariolimax californicus
3 Domains make up the main branches of the tree of life
Distinguishes life at is most primary level - cell type
Six Distinct Kingdoms
There are more than one million species of animals in at least 30 phyla, more species than all the other kingdoms combined. More than half of all animal species are insects (800,000 species), and beetles (300,000 species) comprise the largest order of insects.
Plants are green organisms that don't move. They are divided into trees, shrubs and herbs.
Animals move and are divided into animals (land), fish (sea), birds (air), then blood/no blood (invertebrates)
Leads to some awkward classification (beavers are fish, fungi are plants)
The Linnaean system classified nature within a nested hierarchy
"God created, Linnaeus organized."
Full transcript