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Wild Forest Products
Transcript of Wild Forest Products
What is StarTree?
4 year research project coordinated by European Forest Institute (EFI) - 2012 to 2016.
Focus on Non-timber Forest Products and Multi-Purpose Trees - "Wild Forest Products" or WFPs.
14 focal regions across Europe from Finland to Portugal, Wales to Turkey - diverse forest habitats, actors, networks and markets
Multi-disciplinary teams bringing together academics and specialised SMEs.
Full value chain analysis from forest resource to end consumer.
WFP Key Concepts
RFS "Making Woodlands Pay" Conference 1st Nov 2016
Case Studies from the StarTree project
Mass market product
Basket Making Courses
Large scale harvesting of raw product
Long history of harvesting in Wales
Picked by rake or hand on rotation
Sold onto nurseries, garden centres and hort. wholesalers
1st rotation conifer stands, common mat-forming woodland mosses.
Small, specialised markets - high value.
"Pico" enterprise, supports 1 full time.
Retailed online, own shop, local outlets & market stalls.
Also runs foraging walks and workshops.
"State of Europe's Forests" report estimated value of NWFPs in Europe to be
€2.27 billion, 10% of roundwood timber value.
80% generated by plant products.
Lack of data on NWFPs in Europe - personal consumption, local informal markets.
Rosehip seed oil
WFP is essential component of a commercialised service.
Often teaching traditional skill using natural materials.
Recent innovation - more income from courses than original product.
Closely connected to tourism, lifestyle choices, "green living."
Dichotomy or continuum?
Around 50% wild harvested from predominantly semi-natural habitats.
14 StarTree regions - 439 taxa flora, fauna & fungi.
"Pakuri" Inonotus obliquus
health product - exceeds timber value
Silivculture - modify stand stucture - enhance mushroom yields
Optimum basal area for species, stand and climate - modeling
Thinning operations using low impact techniques - minimise impact on soil
Mycorrhizal associations with tree species therefore CCF could expand production of edible mushrooms in stand
Forest Policy and Innovation database
Useful fungi and lichens
Beekeeping courses for community woodlands
WFP Inventory toolkit
Action Research in Wales
Cosmetic product - skin care.
Rosa Moschata - South America can be pressed from Rosa Canina.
High in omega-3 & 6
Plant along ride edges - deer fencing?
Diverse supply chains involving multiple actors/networks
Global demand for WFP - growing bioeconomy
"State of the European NWFP sector"
"Wild Forest Products in Europe - What Science Can tell us"
Often spatially fragmented and seasonal
Harvested without removing forest canopy - maintain ecological integrity
Work well with other forest objectives, multi-purpose: amenity, ecosystem services