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Latin America

The Aztecs and the Incas
by Karen Fry on 8 April 2014

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Transcript of Latin America

The Earliest Americans
The Western Hempisphere
Beringia
Ice Age 1.9 million to 10,000 B.C.
Migration
40,000 BC?
10,000 BC?
Clovis Points
Monte Verde, Chile
10,500 BC
Crossing the Pacific
11,000 BC Skull in Mexico City
Connection to the Ainu people of JApan
The Olmec
"Mother Culture"
1200 BC to 400 BC
1200 BC
southern Mexico
Olmec Heads
44 tons
San Lorenzo
1150 BC
La Venta
900 BC
jaguar spirit
Mesoamerican trade network
mysterious collapse
invaders?
loss of govt.?
The Zapotec
Oaxaca Valley
San Jose Mogote
1000BC
500 BC
Writing and a Calendar
Monte Alban
500 BC
25,000 people at the peak
600 AD Collapse
Economic Decline?
LATIN AMERICA
20,000 BC
to 1500 AD
Pacific Migration
The Ainu of Japan
The Aztec
1200 AD to 1521
The Toltecs
Origin Myth?
Real Ethnic Group?
The Valley of Mexico
Teotihuacan
At it's peak 150,000 to 200,000 people
Pyramid of the Sun
Abandoned in 750
Quetzalcoatl
Tenochtitlan
Founded 1325
Lake Texcoco
chinampas
Huitzilopochtli
The Triple Alliance
1428
Texcoco
Tlacopan
80,000 Square miles
38 provinces
5 to 15 million people
War Religion & Human Sacrifice
1502 Montezuma
Hernan Cortes
Aztec Calendar
365 Days
The Andes Mts
River Valleys
Narrow Coastal Plain
High Elevations
3600 to 2500 BC first settlements
3000 BC Farming Develops
1800 BC Organized Communities
The Chavin Period
900 BC to 200 BC
"Mother Culture of Peru"
Chavin de Huantar
NO govt. or economy
Nazca
200 BC to 600 AD
Nazca Lines
Irrigation and Canals
textiles and pottery
The Moche
100 to 700 AD
The Inca
1200 to 1533

Valley of Cuzco
Inti
the sun god
Only men from the 11 noble families who clamed descent from Inti...
Pachacuti
1438
conquered Peru
"Land of Four Quarters"
2500 miles
80 provinces
16 million people
Incans followed the example of Cyrus
How did the Incans Rule?
Bureucracy
Economic system
Road System
Quechua
Cuzco
All roads led to the capital
14,000 miles
uniform architecture
ayllu
extended Family unit
mita and the state controlled economy
chasquis
no written language nor the wheel
quipu
Viracocha
creator god
mamakuna
virgins of the sun
yamacuna
Temple of the Sun in Cuzco
Huayna Capac
Atahualpa
Huascar
Francisco Pizarro
1532-1533
Incan Religion
Machu Picchu
Conquistadors
Explorers
Christopher Columbus
1492
Northwest Passage (East Indies)
San Salvador, Bahamas
Pedro Alvares Cabral
Portuguese
Brazil
Amerigo Vespucci
claimed land for Portugal
Spain
Ferdinand and Isabella
Reconquista
Portugal
Prince Henry the Navigator
1500
1501
Ferdinand Magellan
1519
1st to Circumnavigate the Globe
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
Explored Panama
First European to see the Pacific Ocean
Columbian Exchange
Encomienda System
Hispaniola
Hernando Cortes
GOD, GOLD & GLORY
Francisco Pizzaro
Juan Ponce De Leon
1513
Florida
Fountain of Youth
Francisco Coronado
1540-1541
Southwest
Mission System
Junipero Serra
AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE
Triangle Trade
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