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Responding to Planetary Emergencies through Global Partnership, Global Struggles: Climate Justice and MDG 8
Transcript of Responding to Planetary Emergencies through Global Partnership, Global Struggles: Climate Justice and MDG 8
of global dimensions. A Planetary Emergency Responding to a Planetary Emergency through Global Partnership, Global Struggles* Global Partnership:
MDG 8 and Climate Justice Global Struggles: Putting the Pressure on Governments James Matthew B. Miraflor MDG in the Philippines Training Program for Youth Mobilization, November 12, 2012 8-6:30 PM @ NCPAG, UP Diliman Mountain glaciers, which act as source of water, significantly retreated.
Changes in rain-fall patterns, due to climate change, are causing even greater water-stress particularly in Western Africa and South Asia. There is 80% less Arctic-sea ice today than in 1950. Melting of ice causes sea-level rise,
threatening 600 million people living less than 10 meters above sea-level and coastal cities such as Mumbai, Shanghai, Manila, Rio de Janeiro, New York, Istanbul and 7 more of the world’s 20 biggest cities. In Southeast Asia alone, more than 1 million hectares of rice land, from Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, and the Philippines, were inundated with floods and typhoons, wiping out more than 100,000 metric tons of rice crops. The increase of GHG is causing ocean acidification. Some oceans are now 30% more acidic than normal, harming ocean habitats destroying fish stocks. Increased ocean temperature also reduces growth-size of fish.
At least 1 billion people rely on fish for
food and livelihoods. Crop-yields are diminishing.
It is also estimated that climate-related food price hikes since 2005 have pushed more than 105 million people into poverty. Scientists predict that about 625,000 people will die each year from now until 2020 by causes driven by climate change. These are
some of the impacts from a 0.8° Celsius rise in the earth’s average temperature since 1900. Even with the so-called ‘climate action’ promised by governments, we are on track to risk 5°C of warming. This will radically change the surface of the planet, collapsing the systems we rely on for life. This is important because environment affects our ability to fulfill other MDGs. MDG 1 MDG 2 MDG 5 Poor agricultural yields will induce more hunger. Flooded schools
= Poor education Diseases, poor environment may
increase maternal mortality. *derived from materials of Jubilee South -Asia Pacific Movement on Debt and Development Addressing the climate crisis requires profound social and economic transformation in all countries and at all levels – local, national and global.
Emissions must be reduced. Climate Debt With less than one fifth of the world’s population they have grown wealthy while emitting almost three quarters of all historic GHG emissions during industrialization periods So called Annex 1 countries (includes G8 countries). US$24 Trillion Climate Debt According to Jubilee South-APMDD, the initial minimum estimate of the monetary equivalent climate debt owed to poor developing countries from 1800 to 2008 is about US$ 24 Trillion. The climate debt owed by the rich countries to the world’s poor consists of - “adaptation debt” and “emission debt” (last slide). The agreements that came out of Cancún (2010) and Durban (2011) have not only moved so far away from getting developed countries to pay for their historical responsibility. So far, disappointing results... Instead, these deals have agreed to such little cuts of GHG until 2020, that calculations have shown, this will lead to an increase in the global temperature from 4 to 8 degrees centigrade. MDG 8 Develop a Global Partnership for Development Target 8.B: Address the special needs of least developed countries
Target 8.C: Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
Target 8.D:Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries Target 8b & 8C and the GCF The best way to address needs of LDCs, landlocked and small island developing states it to push for a Green Climate Fund (GCF) that would fulfill its purpose based on the commitments and agreements reached under the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Target 8D and Climate Debt Why should we pay if they owe us big time? In fact, Annex I should be made to pay for their “adaptation debt”, which are measured according to the losses and damages in the total production of goods and services of affected countries due to climate change. UNFCCC Conference of Parties (COP) 18 in Doha, Qatar (November 26 to December 7) must make a strong stand for the South and the environment. UNFCCC - COP 18 The P100-billion fund pledged by highly developed countries by 2020 should not be the same old pledges made years ago. Global Pressure towards
Deeper Emission Cuts, Reparations November 12-16, 2012 Join the Global Week of Action! It is our responsibility to pressure our government and the governments of the north, to reduce emissions. Annex I countries should also begin the process of paying their climate debts. Contact Philippine Movement for Climate Justice (PMCJ) Coordinator Gerry Arances (@ 9253036, firstname.lastname@example.org) for more details http://bit.ly/mdg8vsclimatechange