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PSYA4 - ADDICTION - risk factors

Vulnerability to addiction
by Clare Schulze on 27 October 2014

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Transcript of PSYA4 - ADDICTION - risk factors

Vulnerability to addiction (1 & 2)
Risk Factors in the
development of addiction

However recent work has suggested that the influence of peers is often over-emphasised (2006). Experimenting with drugs when alone is a key factor in the development of addiction
Addicts who cope badly with stress are more prone to relapse than those who deal with stress. (Cleveland & Harris 2010)
Review Question
Remember APPS
Key Study
Childs et al (2010)
Aim - to examine how stress influences smoking in a sample of regular smokers
Recruited daily smokers (M=12 F=4)
Divided randomly into 2 conditions
1. exposed to a stressful task
2. exposed to a control, non stressful task
A range of personality factors have been linked to addiction (Lang 1983)
New york times article....
http://www.mendeley.com/research/personality-self-reported-mobile-phone/
Peers
Age
Homework
Teenagers who start using alcohol or other drugs at an early age have a higher risk of developing an addiction later on.

A similar link exists for smoking
The effect of starting younger has been linked to a higher risk of later addiction, could be due to genetic or to learned factors.
2. Answer the following Scenario question
Jan 2012
Guess where you are going to write it!!!............
Personality
Outline
* Vulnerability = Risk Factors + media
* Risk Factors = 4
1. Complete the class questions
Neuroticism linked to addiction

Inability to tolerate stress

Impulsively/sensation seeking

High self monitors- sensitive to social situations and other people’s views/opinions.
Social Learning Theory (Bandura 1977)
Social Identity theory (Abrams & Hogg 1990)
Socrative - End of task review
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