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PSYA4 - ADDICTION - risk factors

Vulnerability to addiction
by Clare Schulze on 27 October 2014

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Transcript of PSYA4 - ADDICTION - risk factors

Vulnerability to addiction (1 & 2)
Risk Factors in the
development of addiction

However recent work has suggested that the influence of peers is often over-emphasised (2006). Experimenting with drugs when alone is a key factor in the development of addiction
Addicts who cope badly with stress are more prone to relapse than those who deal with stress. (Cleveland & Harris 2010)
Review Question
Remember APPS
Key Study
Childs et al (2010)
Aim - to examine how stress influences smoking in a sample of regular smokers
Recruited daily smokers (M=12 F=4)
Divided randomly into 2 conditions
1. exposed to a stressful task
2. exposed to a control, non stressful task
A range of personality factors have been linked to addiction (Lang 1983)
New york times article....
Teenagers who start using alcohol or other drugs at an early age have a higher risk of developing an addiction later on.

A similar link exists for smoking
The effect of starting younger has been linked to a higher risk of later addiction, could be due to genetic or to learned factors.
2. Answer the following Scenario question
Jan 2012
Guess where you are going to write it!!!............
* Vulnerability = Risk Factors + media
* Risk Factors = 4
1. Complete the class questions
Neuroticism linked to addiction

Inability to tolerate stress

Impulsively/sensation seeking

High self monitors- sensitive to social situations and other people’s views/opinions.
Social Learning Theory (Bandura 1977)
Social Identity theory (Abrams & Hogg 1990)
Socrative - End of task review
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