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CHAPTER 17 "MISFORTUNES IN MADRID

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by rochelle collado on 26 August 2013

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Transcript of CHAPTER 17 "MISFORTUNES IN MADRID

CHAPTER 17 "MISFORTUNES IN MADRID"
FAILURE TO GET JUSTICE FOR FAMILY
Rizal sought the help of the following:
Filipino Colony
Asociacion Hispano – Filipina
Liberal Spanish newspapers (La Justicia, El Globo, El Dia, La Republica, El resumen, etc).
M. H. Del Pilar – acted as his lawyer.
Dr. Dominador Gomez – secretary of Asociacion Hispano – Filipina.
Minister of Colonies (Señor Fabie)
Gen. Valeriano Weyler – committed injustices against the Calamba folks.
El Resumen – a Madrid Newspaper

“To cover the ears, open the purse, and fold the arms.”
- SPANISH COLONIAL POLICY
End of August, 1890 – Rizal attended a social reunion of the Filipinos in Madrid. Wine was served.
*Luna was bitter because of his frustrated romance with Nellie Boustead.
*Rizal challenged Luna , his friend, to a duel.
Rizal was a better pistol shot than Luna. But the latter was his superior as a swordsman. Luna had the choice of weapons. Others tried to pacify them, pointing out to both that such a duel would damage their cause in Spain.
But fortunately, Luna when he became sober, realized that he had made a fool of himself during his drunken state and he apologized for his bad remarks about the girl.
INFIDELITY OF LEONOR RIVERA
INFIDELITY OF LEONOR RIVERA
Teatro Apolo – Rizal attended a play together with his friends then he lost his gold watch chain which proved to be a bad omen.
December, 1890 – Rizal received a letter from Leonor, announcing her coming married with an Englishman (Henry Kipping)
February 15, 1891 – Blumentritt replied to the letter of Rizal and comforted him when he confide to him about his agony and broken heart.
Three months later, Blumentritt sent another comforting letter saying:
“Leonor Rivera, is not the woman for Rizal”
RIZAL ABDICATES HIS LEADERSHIP
February 1891 – (1st week) election starts
Filipinos were divided into two rival camps:
Rizalistas or Rizal’s friends
Pilaristas or del Pilar’s friends
M. Ponce, A. Luna, T. Sandiko (Pilaristas) – changed their votes in favor of Rizal.
* First day of voting: Rizal was winning
Second day: Rizal won but the votes cast did not reach two-thirds.
Mariano Ponce- appealed to his countrymen to vote for Rizal.
Third day- Rizal’s victory
But Rizal graciosly declined the coveted position.
PREVIEW
He tried all legal means to seek justice for his family and the Calamba tenants, but to no avail. He almost fought two duels
And top of his misfortunes, was about Leonor Rivera.
MORE TERRIBLE NEWS REACHED RIZAL IN MADRID
MORE TERRIBLE NEWS REACHED RIZAL IN MADRID

*From Silvestre Ubaldo, he received a copy of the ejectment order by the Dominicans against Francisco Rizal and other Calamba tenants.

*From Saturnina, he learned of the deportation of Paciano, Antonio Lopez, Silvestre Ubaldo, Teong, and Dandoy to Mindoro

*His parents were forcibly ejected from their home and were then living in the house of Narcisa.

Becerra and Maura – former members of the ministry who gave Rizal honeyed words of sympathy and nothing else.

Queen Regent Maria Cristina – urged to see by Blumentritt.
RIZAL’S EULOGY TO PANGANIBAN
Jose Ma. Panganiban – his friend and his talented co-worker in the propaganda who died.

August 19, 1890 – date of the death of Jose Ma. Panganiban because of a lingering illness.

Rizal wrote a great eulogy to Panganiban
with a sorrowing heart.
ABORTED DUEL WITH
ANTONIO LUNA
Nellie Boustead
Antonio Luna
Rizal Family
RIZAL CHALLENGES RETANA TO DUEL
RIZAL CHALLENGES RETANA TO DUEL
Wenceslao E. Retana- bitter enemy of Rizal in pen.Press agent of the friars in Spain.He attacked Filipinos including Rizal, in various newspaper in Madrid.
La Epoca - an anti-Filipino newspaper in Madrid.He insulted Rizal’s family.
Because he believed that discretion is the better part of valor, and more to save his own skin. Retana at once published a retraction and an apology in the newspapers,
The incident silenced retana's pen and he developed a great admiration for Rizal.
RIZAL – DEL PILAR RIVALRY
1890 - there arose an unfortunate rivalry between Rizal and del Pilar for supremacy.
Rizal tried to imbue his compatriots with his own idealism. unfortunately his idealism was not shared. some of his supporters turned to the leadership of del Pilar.
January 1, 1891 (New Year’s Day) – the Filipinos of Madrid met to reorganize the Asociacion Hispano – Filipina .
Owing to del Pilar's opposition the meeting proceed to the business of electing the
Responsable - a new leader who would act as a spokesman of the Filipino cause in Europe.2/3 votes needed to be declared as Responsable.
Adios, Madrid
Rizal wrote a brief note thanking his compatriots for electing him as Responsable. Sadly he packed up his bags, paid his bills, and boarded a train leaving for Biarritz.
First soujourn- he was happy
Second Visit- he was unhappy
PRESENTED BY:
Rochelle B. Collado
Rozette Ann P. Demata
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