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City Science: MIT Media Lab

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by Ryan Chin on 14 January 2014

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Transcript of City Science: MIT Media Lab

CITY SCIENCE
Autonomous Mobility-on-Demand Systems
where alternatives to the private automobile are more convenient, affordable, and pleasurable, and traffic congestion is essentially eliminated
Mobility-on-Demand
CityCar unveiled at the European Union Commission (EU) - Brussels (Jan 24th,2012)
What’s Next: Autonomous Vehicles
Ryan C.C. Chin, Ph.D.
Managing Director,

www.cities.media.mit.edu
100X
10X
5X
2X

The mission of City Science is to develop urban strategies that can result in:
Global Mega-trends Affecting Cities
Of the world’s population now lives in urban areas
50%
1950
1955
1960
1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
2020
2025
2030
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.0
8.0
9.0
World, total population
World, rural population
World, urban population
2007 UN Report
90%
In the 21st century...
Of the population growth will be in urban areas
In cities, transportation and building operations account for at least:
Of all global CO2
80%
As well as
75%
66%
Of all global energy use
Of all urban energy use
Cities will account for
Beijing
Shanghai
Congestion
Pollution
Congestion Pricing
London, Singapore, Stockholm, Milan
Taxation and other limits
Certificate of Entitlement (COE) and Additional Registration Fee (ARF) of Singapore designed to limit the total number of cars through a bidding system and taxation (140% in addition to cost of vehicle
Beijing has restricted number of licenses to 240,000 for new cars (2011)
Restricts driving based on license plate number (Mexico City, Bogotá, São Paulo, Auckland, Athens, and Santiago)
License Plate Lottery
License Plate Rationing
“Since the end of World War II, new cars and suburban houses have powered the world’s largest economy and propelled our most impressive recoveries……
Millennials may have lost interest in both.”
Shared-Use: 4-20X Utilization
Mobility-on-Demand Modes
Spain
Madrid
Lisbon
Portugal
Hiriko CityCar by MIT Media lab Sponsor Denokinn
Vitoria Gasteiz
Hiriko CityCar Electronics Body and Mechanicals
Hiriko CityCar Robot Wheel
Unveiling with EU President José Manuel Barroso
CityCar Test Drive
Vitoria, Spain
In Memory of William J. Mitchell (1944-2010)
Professor of Architecture and Media Arts and Sciences (MIT)
City Science Initiative
MIT Media Lab
rchin@mit.edu
Reduction in CO2 emissions
Reduction in traffic congestion
Improvement in livability
Improvement in creativity

Autonomous Electric Vehicle Interaction Testing Array (AEVITA)
Car Sharing
Efficient design
Electrification
Autonomy
Active Safety
Native Integration
High utilization
Affordability
Availability, Accessibility
LIDAR Sensing
(E. Frazzoli, S. Karaman)
Autonomous Intersection
(E. Frazzoli, S. Karaman)
Impacts of Urbanization
McKinsey Report 2010
Emergence of Autonomous Vehicles
Shared Electric Scooters
Shared Bikes
Walking (Privileged Mode)
Shared Electric Bikes
Shared Electric Tram/Bus
Shared CityCars
Shared Electric PEV's
Robot Wheel
Integrated in-Wheel Motor Module
Utilization of by-wire controls
Lightweight Manufacture and Servicing
CityCar Study in Singapore
CityCar Study in Hong Kong
MIT CityCar
A Sharable, Foldable, 2-Passenger, Electric Vehicle
of gasoline use is in looking for parking
40%
And
China is and will experience EXTREME
URBANIZATION over the next 15 years.
An estimate of approximately:
rural Chinese will move to urban areas
300,000,000+

Imperial College Urban Systems Project
Restrictions to Car Ownership
CITY SCIENCE
Autonomous Mobility-on-Demand Systems
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