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Dred Scott Case

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by Alyssa V on 14 April 2011

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Transcript of Dred Scott Case

The Dred Scott Case How did Dred Scott cause civil war? Who was Dred Scott?
Where was he from?
Where he ran to?
Dred scott was a slave that sued for his freedom.
Dred Scott never ran away, he was taken to a free state with his owner, Dr. Emerson, who was a US Arm Surgeon.
Born in Virginia as a slave, property of Peter Blow.
They then relocated to Huntsville, Alabama on a cotton plantation.
Later the moved to the St. Louis riverfront.
Then he was sol to Dr. John Emerson.
Showed how the Court would decide on the question of slavery.
It questioned the Missouri Compromise.
Brought up whether or not Congress had power over slavery in the territories.
Dred Scott was still a slave and the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional. These answers were not liked by many and would affect an already divided nation.
About The Case Scott's arguements during the case were:
1. Scott had been a slave in the slave state of Missouri.
2. Scott had traveled to the free state of Illinois, upon which action he became a free man.
3. The prinicple of permanent emancipation entitled Scott to remain a free man after returning to Missouri;once free, always free, the principle said.
4. Scott indeed had the right to sue for his freedom in federal court because he was a citizen by virtue of his residence in one of the United States of America. Sanford's Arguements during the case were:
1. The restrictions of slavery and the Missouri Compromise were invalid because Congress did not have the authority to decide the issue of slavery in the territories.
2. Scott's traveling to Illinois Territory did not , therefore, make him a free man.
3. Scott's return to Missouri, a slave state, meant that since he had never been a free man, he kept his status as a slave. Scott originally sued for his freedom in 1847 against his owner Mrs. Emerson. Then he was given to her brother John Sanford, where he again sued for his freedom on November 2, 1853. The case was delivered to the supreme court on December 30, 1854. Then the Missouri Compromise was questioned and so they didn't know if Dred Scott had ever been free in the first place. Scott's case helped cause the civil war, because when his case was finished, the decision of the court would help say how they felt about slavery. Since the case decided that Dred Scott was still a slave, it upset many people who disliked slaver. The case also found that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional. The Missouri Compromise prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Purchase, but it was allowed in Missouri. It also brought up whether or not Congress had power over slavery in the territories. Once the questions were answered many anti-slavery people hated the outcome, which helped separate an already divided nation. The idea of that the court would support slavery was something many didn't want to hear. The verdict of the case helped direct the anti-slavery peoples anger towards the court. They also fought for the reversal of the verdict, in order to stop the spread of slavery throughout the country.
After the case, it was found that the Scott's belonged to Dr. Calvin Clifford Chaffee since he had maried Mrs. Emerson. He then gave up all right and interest his family had with Dred Scott and all rights were transfered to Taylor Blow where he set the Scott's free. Works Cited
"Dred Scott." Africa Within. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2011. <http://www.africawithin.com/bios/dred_scott.htm>.
"Dred Scott - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dred_Scott#Life>.
"Dred Scott case." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2011. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4h2933.html>.
Herda, D. J.. The Dred Scott case: slavery and citizenship. Hillside, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 1994. Print.
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