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Moral Laws of the Jungle

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by Aurora de la Puente on 19 February 2014

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Transcript of Moral Laws of the Jungle

"Help someone if your time and effort is worth more to them than it is to you"
The Help Principle
Reconciling Interests
Difficult Decisions
The Evolution of Moral Facts
Moral Laws of the Jungle
By Iain King (2014)
Further Benefits of the Help Principle
Introduction
Skill
Moral Judgement
1. Defining our shared moral law
2. Diktat
3. Personal opinion
Greatest Happiness
Empathy
We imagine ourselves in the position of other people.
It is one-to-one.
Psychopathic people (1% of the world's population) are not able to experience empathy.
1. Location mistake
Why we disagree with the
"Help Principle" proposal

2. Is it right to discriminate psychopathic people just because they are a "minority"?
1% of world's population= 70.000.000 people

The percentage of gay/lesbian people in the USA is 1.7 % of the total population

Person: Philosophical concept which expresses the singularity of each individual belonging to the human species
Total population of:
Spain
Portugal
Ireland
Belgium
3. Empathy and psychopathy
Level of Empathy
0 %
100 %
"Played out over thousands of generations, communities of people with an instinctive revulsion for murder would win out"
"Help principle" applies to lies
Plato
Strauss
Maquiavelo
Aristotle
Kant
Emergency Lie

Death Illness
War Victims
Defamation
"Thinking about maximizing happiness can make you very unhappy"
Hemingway
Citizen Kane
Based on the virtue of EMPATHY
It can offer advice, and always help us
with the global and philosophical question:


What should we do?
Genesis: It is universal
It can be
BUT
the principle doesn't work with psychopaths
Avoids the need of achieve the utilitarian
goal
to reach the highest amount of happiness for everyone
help principle
human rights
go together
GOOD
THE SETS OF PRINCIPLES WOULD LINED UP WITH MOST PEOPLE MORAL INSTITUTIONS
4. Does it really answer the "What should we do" question?
5. Are the moral values of of South Sudan comparable with those of England?
connection between:
right
and

wrong
Evolution in action
Moral instincts
Moral facts
We judge in our heads something as right or wrong, and that judgement determines our actions, and makes us prefer some kind of behaviours above others. This makes the moral facts, real facts of the world.
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