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The Wold of William Shakespeare Presentation- The Black Plague and Medication and Sanitation

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by Fizza Ishaque on 3 October 2012

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Transcript of The Wold of William Shakespeare Presentation- The Black Plague and Medication and Sanitation

The World of William Shakespeare Medication, Sanitation and The Black Plague What was the Black Plague? Sanitation In the early 1500's Europe introduced a new system called cesspits/cesspools. These were introduced because the population of Europe was increasing at a more rapid rate than ever before and their previous form of using the toilet would not work because only the rich could afford indoor bathrooms and the poor would simply put their waste in a bucket and toss it out the window onto the streets. Most of the waste would decompose and occasionally the rich would pay someone to clean it up but this system was not working any longer. That being said, their new system (cesspits) was not much more sanitary. Cesspits are cylinders dug underground where people in Shakespeare's day put their waste.Cesspits were not cleaned out frequently which caused a lot of dangerous infections and the spread of Typhoid, even though cesspits were only emptied at night due to the smell and were emptied using shovels and horse-drawn wagons. How the Plague affected William Shakespeare The Black Plague affected Shakespeare in a number of ways. The biggest impact would be how it killed his only son Hamnet at age 11( there are other theories of how his son died but the plague seems to be the most popular explanation). Shakespeare's son was not the only person in Shakespeare's family that died because of the Black Plague, three of Shakespeare's sisters also died of the plague Joan and Margaret who were babies when they died and his sister Anne who was seven. The cause for the death of Shakespeare's brother Edmund is also debatable but many believe that he died from the plague as well. Medication Today, we have vaccines for typhoid and antibiotics you can take for most cases of the bubonic plague but back then they did not have antibiotics. Here are a few of the many "remedies" they thought could cure the bubonic plague:

- bathing in vinegar and rose water
- drinking your own urine
- witchcraft
- bleeding/bloodletting ( this was a very popular cure for many sicknesses back then, they believed that the reason someone would be sick would be because they had bad blood)
- sweet smelling herbs ( some would believe inhaling the herbs in would help and some bathed in them)
- different types of diets ( the most popular diet was no meat and/or fish) PLEASE NOTE THAT WE DID NOT MAKE THE FOLLOWING VIDEO ALL CREDIT GOES TO LIAMDABESTABLE! The first evidence of the black plague ( more commonly known as the bubonic plague or black death) was in the 1300's. Most people believe that the first person to actually discover this disease was Gabriele de Mussis in 1346.This plague started in Central Asia and started spreading as the plague was highly contagious. The plague hit Europe in the mid- 1300's and instantly spread throughout the continent. The plague was very deadly and although the exact number is unknown the plague has been estimated to have killed 75-200 million people in total from the 1300's to the mid 1600's. The plague has also been estimated to have taken the lives of a third of Europe's total population. The black plague was caused because of a bacteria called yersinia pestis. The host of this deadly plague was usually the European black rat but could also be fleas ( the fleas would bite humans - pullex irritans). Farmers in the Elizabethan era were especially in danger of catching the plague because of their interacting with different animals ( a lot of different animals carried the plague after the plague started spreading). This plague had a very big impact on Shakespeare's life which you will learn more about later. Symptoms for the Black Plague:
- pain in arms/legs
- high fever
- vomiting
- headaches
- diarrhea
- chills
- muscle cramps
- seizures
- trembling
- weakness VIDEO TIME!!!!! More Facts!

-Why was it called the Black death? The people with the bubonic plague skin turned a blackish color before they died.
-At the time of the bubonic plague the plague was referred to as The Great Mortality and/or The Great Pestilence
-During the black plague many people gave up the belief of God Question Time! What is another name for the black plague?
What are 3 Symptoms for the black plague?
What were 2 remedies the people in the Elizabethan Era used to believe could cure the black plague?
What did they use to put their waste in, in the 16th century?
Why was the black plague called the black plague?
What bacteria caused the black plague?
Around how many people died between the 1300's and 1600's from the black plague?
What can we take now to cure the black plague?
How many of Shakespeare's sisters died from the black plague?
What did people in London do before the new waste system in the 1500's?
What disease did their poor sanitation system spread? BLACK PLAGUE Sanitation Medication
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