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What is Computer science?

Comp Sci 10 Mr.Smith
by Emma Yoon on 13 September 2013

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Transcript of What is Computer science?

What is computer science?
Computer science is found as the process part of the cycle in:





What are some areas of research/ career opportunities in the field of CS?
What is computer engineering?
What are some areas of research/career opportunities in computer engineering?
What is software engineering?
INPUT
OUTPUT
PROCESS
-design automation
-machine intelligence
COMPUTER SCIENCE
Emma Yoon
Comp Sci 10

What are some areas of research/career opportunities in the area of SE?

-Research software engineer

-Computer applications software engineer
-Computer systems software engineer
-Technical solutions architect
-Systems development

- artificial intelligence



-software engineering
( database analyst, communications engineer,network architect etc.)

-computer graphics
-cognitive science
-programming language theory
Computer engineering works with both software and hardware on computers.
Computer engineers:
- design and build the interface, chips , memory, circuits and all the insides of a computer.
- improves performances and systems of a computer.
- makes computer based systems on phones, cars, and electronic devices.


-cyber-security
-networking
-embedded systems
-biomedical
-Software architecture
How do these areas relate to the field of I.T. ( Information technology) ?
Table of contents
3.What is computer science?
4.What are some areas of research/career opportunity in C.S?
5.What is computer engineering?
6.What are some areas of research/career opportunity in C.E?
7.What is software engineering?
8.What are some areas of research/career opportunity in S.E?
9.How do these areas relate to the field of I.T?(Information technology)
11-20 The timeline of networking
22. Mark Zuckerberg
23. Bill Gates
24. Vinton Cerf
25. James Gosling
26. Linus Torvalds
27. References
CS uses algorithmic thinking and process to understand computers.
-Maintenance and development of software functions.
-Considers budget, efficiency and deadline.
-Software engineering is a direct field of computer science.
-Nothing can work without hardware and software.
-Three areas work together to improve, modify and fix.
1969
1972
1974
1973
1968
1965
Two computers at MIT Lincoln Lab communicated with one another.
1981
1982
1984
1983
1979
1976
1987
1989
1991
1990
1986
1985
1994
1995
1997
1996
1993
1992
2000
2003
2005
1999
1998
2004
2010
2011
2013
2012
2009
2006
The final version of the Interface Message Processor (IMP) specifications are revealed by BBN.
UCLA’s Network Measurement Center, Stanford Research Institute, University of California-Santa Barbara and University of Utah install nodes.
BBN’s Ray Tomlinson introduces network email.
The term "internet" is born.
The first Internet service provider is born, also known as Telenet.
Queen Elizabeth II uses her first email.
-USENET forms.
The National Science Foundation gives permission to establish the Computer Science Network.
The protocol suite, labeled as TCP/IP, become known as the protocol for ARPANET.
.edu, .gov, .com, .mil, .org, .net, and .int are made by the Domain name system to name websites.
William Gibson uses the word cyberspace for the first time.
Symbolics.com becomes the first enrolled website domain.
The NSFNET
connects academic users along with ARPANET.
The number of hosts on the Internet goes over 20,000.
The first provider of dial-up internet access is world.std.com
Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) is created.
The world wide web is made known to the public by CERN.
The first audios and videos appear on the internet, and the phrase "surfing the internet" becomes very popular.
-The white house and the UN go online.
-Number of websites reach 600
-More than 2 million computers are connected to NSFNET.
-Netscape Communications. -Microsoft creates a Web browser for Windows 95.
-Online services start providing Internet access.
-Amazon, Craigslist, Ebay.

The competition between Microsoft and Netscape rise.
Microsoft’s Internet software on versions of Windows 95 can be removed or hidden.
Google search engine is found.
-Netscape is sold. -Peer to peer file sharing starts to be used.
Websites are faced with great denial of service attack.
-SQL slammer worm spreads all over the world.
-Myspace, Skype, Safari
-Facebook goes online and social networking begins.
-Mozila Firefox
-Youtube
-AOL offeres services for free.
- Internet Governance Forum meets.
-40th anniversary of the Internet
-Facebook reaches 400 million users.
Twitter and Facebook take on huge parts in the middle east revolt.
-SOPA blackout.
-Gmail becomes the most popular email.
-Microsoft's xbox one.
-Concerns of privacy start to rise.
The timeline of Networking
Pioneers of Networking
2001
-Napster is shut down.
Mark Zuckerberg
- One of the five co- founders of Facebook, currently chairman and CEO.
-Even from a young age, he excelled in studies and was labeled as a programming prodigy.
-Born May 14, 1984 in White Plains, New York.
-He enjoyed developing his own programs such as CourseMatch, Facesmash and Synapse Media Player.
-Being inspired by the Facesmash incident, Mark Zuckerberg developed "Thefacebook" which is now known as "Facebook."
-Had hobbies such as reciting poetry and fencing.
References:
Bill Gates
-Bill Gates and Paul Allen are the co-founders of Microsoft, the largest computer software company in the world.
-He was born on October 28, 1955 in Seattle, Washington.
-First computer program was a simple tic-tac-toe game.
-The MITS Altair 8800 inspired him to develop his own software company.
-Bill gates donated over 28 billion dollars to charity, and he plans to eventually donate 95% of his profits.
-The couple created an organization called the "Bill and Melinda Gates foundation".
-Information technology uses the software, hardware and programs that CS,SE and CE provide.
Vinton Gray Cerf
-He was born on June 23, 1943 in New haven, Connecticut.
-Known as one of "the fathers of the Internet".
-Has achieved many outstanding honors and awards for his contributions.
-Has served and worked with various science organizations.
Some of the many awards he recieved are:
-Turing award.
-Prince of Asturias award for science and technology.
- The Living Legend Medal from the library of congress.
-The Japan prize.
James Gosling
-Canadian computer scientist who invented the Java programming language in 1994.
-Born on May, 1955
-Worked for many different corporations and companies.
-In 2002 he was given 'The Economist Innovation award' and in 2007 he was made an Officer of the order of Canada.
Linus Torvalds
-Linus Torvalds is known for the development of Linux kernel.
- Born on December 28, 1969 in Finlan
-Started out with creating a few games and programs and afterwards started working on the Linux kernel.
-Worked in different labs and companies after finishing the Linux kernel.
-He received the 2012 Millennium Technology Prize by the Technology Academy Finland.
http://www.ucs.louisiana.edu/~isb9112/dept/phil341/wisai/WhatisAI.html
http://www.cs.umass.edu/admissions/career-options
http://www.ece.vt.edu/ugrad/cpe.html
http://www.ee.uh.edu/undergraduate/computer-engineering-frequently-asked-questions
http://www.ece.vt.edu/ugrad/cpe.html
http://www.digitaltrends.com/features/the-history-of-social-networking/
http://www.computerhistory.org/timeline/?category=net
http://www.livescience.com/20727-internet-history.html
http://www.mediabistro.com/alltwitter/social-networks-timeline_b19497
http://www.unc.edu/depts/jomc/academics/dri/pioneers2c.html#doug
http://www.historyorb.com/events/date/2012?p=4

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