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Battle Tactics of the Revolutionary War

For Mr. Cooper's class. I couldn't find any information on modern day tactics.
by Ronan Cole on 29 November 2012

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Transcript of Battle Tactics of the Revolutionary War

Battle Tactics of the Revolutionary War By Ronan Cole Colonial Tactics British Tactics The colonists started using guerrilla type tactics following the battle of Lexington and Concord The use of hit-and-run tactics by small, mobile groups of irregular forces operating in territory controlled by a hostile, regular force. Guerrilla Warfare: Learned this tactic from the Native Americans during the French and Indian war Used mainly in the south Soldiers would hide, shoot at British soldiers, and run. Was not used in every battle The Colonists often used tactics unfamiliar to the British Military. Guerrilla Warfare Colonists often launched surprise attacks on British troops Usually in winter, at night or both
The most famous of these was George Washington's attack on Trenton A large part of the military was made up of minutemen.
Were Young, enthusiastic, reliable, and strong.
Had no uniforms A unique militia was employed Troops stole supplies From the British Military funding was low
More men died from cold and hunger then battle Minuteman: An armed man pledged to be ready to fight on a minute's notice It's important to remember that this tactic was not used very often. A majority of the battles were fought using the british style of fighting. This is a common myth of the Revolutionary War The tactics used by the British were very conventional. Troops lined up in formation and fired simultaneously at opposing troops
Used bayonets at close range The most commonly used weapon was the Flintlock Musket, also known as the Brown Bess
Accurate only at 75 yards or less
Faster at reloading than the rifles the Colonists used The British employed German troops known as Hessians
This caused the British to have an even larger advantage in the amount of soldiers Why did the British wear bright red uniforms? It made them very obvious and caused them to be easy targets, so why wear such bright uniforms? Warfare of the time was very linear, and stealth was not as much of a factor. The uniforms were designed to be easily identifiable and instill fear. Tactics of major battles Lexington and Concord Bunker Hill Trenton April
1775 June
1775 December
1776 American Attacked the British on their way to Concord using guerrilla style fighting
Hid behind trees, rocks, trees, etc. British Stood in columns of men American Fired at the British from behind fortifications British Rushed up the hill in formation to fire at colonists
had superior numbers and more ammunition American Launched a surprise attack on the Hessians on Christmas night British The British did not expect a fight and the Hessians were caught off guard October
1777 Saratoga American British Planned to cut off New England from the rest of the colonies
General Burgoyne led troops south from Canada
St. Leger would move east from Lake Ontario
Howe would lead troops north from New York City Often attempted to stop British troops from advancing
Benedict Arnold's troops stopped St. Leger at Fort Stanwix
A local militia forced Burgoyne's troops to retreat to Saratoga September
1781 Yorktown American Surrounded British troops at Yorktown
American troops marched on land
French troops approached from sea British Expected The Americans to attack New York
Were forced to surrender Thanks for watching my presentation, and I hope you learned more about battle strategy during the American Revolution!
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