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MOSTENIREA CULTURALA A ORIENTULUI ANTIC

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by nicoleta stoica on 9 November 2013

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Transcript of MOSTENIREA CULTURALA A ORIENTULUI ANTIC

MOSTENIREA CULTURALA A ORIENTULUI ANTIC
Scoala

-se studia scrisul, cititul, socotitul
-absolventii deveneau scribi si faceau
parte din aparatul administrativ al statului
Literatura
Mesopotamia- "Epopeea lui Ghilgames"
Egipt-"Cartea Mortilor"
India-"Mahabharata", "Ramayana"
Evrei-"Vechiul Testament"
Stiinta
descoperiri in matematica : sisteme de calcul- egiptenii, fenicienii ,cifrele -indienii
descoperiri in astronomie- calendarele -mesopotamienii, egiptenii
descoperiri in medicina- retete farmaceutice-chinezii, practici chirurgicale- egiptenii
Arta

arhitectura- arta constructiilor- caracter religios :temple, monumente funerare
sculptura- statui, basoreliefuri
SCRIEREA
A aparut in Orient
Sumerienii foloseau scrierea cuneiforma, egiptenii-scrierea hieroglifica
Fenicienii au inventat alfabetul (21 de consoane, preluat de greci si romani)
Se scria pe tablite de lut, pe papirusuri
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