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A Survey of Human Trafficking Around the Globe: the Scope, the Reality, and the Gaps

What trafficking looks like in different parts of the world and what knowledge is missing in the broad scope of the data
by Kim Hunt on 8 November 2012

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Transcript of A Survey of Human Trafficking Around the Globe: the Scope, the Reality, and the Gaps

Human Trafficking Human Trafficking Clinic The Freedom Project Regions The Americas Africa Europe Asia Gaps What about men? Latin America and the Caribbean Industrialized North America 14,500+ trafficked annually into the United States (Free the Slaves/Kevin Bales) Less than 500,000 slaves (Free the Slaves/Kevin Bales) Prevalent forms of HT: External trafficking into the agricultural sector; internal trafficking into CSE 2009: 51 Convictions Latin America and the Caribbean 1,320,000 slaves (Free the Slaves/Kevin Bales) 250,000 people in forced labor as a result of trafficking (ILO 2005) Prevalent forms of HT: CSE [CSEC]; forced labor [mining, agriculture, logging, domestic servitude] (CRS 2007) Europe Less than 500,000 slaves (Kevin Bales/Free the Slaves) Prevalent forms of trafficking: forced labor [agriculture, fishing, forced begging, domestic servitude, construction], forced prostitution [CSE,CSEC] Human Trafficking Prosecutions 2004: 3,270 2005: 2,521 2006: 2,950 2007: 2,820 2008: 2,808 2009: 2,208 (DOS, 2010) Human Trafficking Convictions 2004: 993 2005: 1,792 2006: 1,821 2007: 1,941 2008: 1,721 2009: 1,733 (DOS, 2010) A Global Survey of a Global Problem Associates Research Taxonomy Outreach Community To Spotlight on the Horrors of Modern-Day Slavery To amplify the voices of victims To Highlight Success Stories To Unravel the Complicated Tangle of
Criminal Enterprises Trading in Human Life 920,000: Estimated people enslaved in Africa $1.6 Billion: Estimated profit from slavery in Africa Common Slave Markets: cocoa
domestic servantry
prostitution 24 Million: Estimated enslaved in Asia 250: Dollars needed to free an enslaved family in India 18 Million: Number of slaves in India, Pakistan, and Nepal alone Debt Bondage:
a family
held collateral
against a loan
forced to work
as the "debt" only
continues to accrue Hereditary Enslavement:
entire families enslaved for generations The Data Sources: DOS TIP Report, ILO, IOM, UN S/D/T Forms of Trafficking Populations Affected National
Plan Anti-Trafficking Laws Numbers Specialized
Law Enforcement
Unit Victims
Services Number of
Victims Prosecutions/Convictions Tier Designation --> Sophisticated trafficking rings ran by Japanese
businessmen sourcing girls from Kenya to Europe. --> Child labor
as a cultural norm
for domestic servitude. --> Individuals used by drug cartels as mules to traffic drugs --> Children, teachers, and other school employees are taken out of school and forced to work during the annual crop harvests --> Hereditary enslavement of
families for generations in the
brick kiln industry. --> State-imposed forced
labor and mass atrocity Validity of information Thank you!
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