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Delgado v. Bastrop ISD

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by Jennifer Brown on 22 April 2013

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Transcript of Delgado v. Bastrop ISD

The Mexican-American Struggle for Equality Delgado vs. Bastrop ISD (1948) Historical Context 1940/1950: Mexican-American students in Texas have
an average education attainment level of 3.5
years by the age of 25
LULAC's Role LULAC (League of Latin American Citizens) brought
suit along with Gustavo Garcia against Bastrop ISD,
representing Minerva Delgado and twenty other Mexican
American families Legal Arguments -Garcia argued that segregating Mexican-American
students violated their fourteenth amendment
rights
-Segregation of Mexican-American did not have a legal
basis and was discriminatory in nature English Language Acquisition
used as a means for segregation De Jure, not De Facto Delgado vs. Bastrop ISD eliminated De Facto
segregation of Mexican-American students in Texas
schools Language of Education a deeper look Delgado's Legacy -To end segregation in all forms in public education (specifically in Texas, but elsewhere as well)
-To give all students equality of educational opportunity
-To end discrimination based on culture or language Reflections -English Language Acquisition quickly became
the avenue sought by most school districts to
keep Latinos segregated within the school system. No legal basis for separating Mexican-American students -no Texas law stated Mexican-American students should be segregated from white students
-Mexican-Americans traditionally considered part of Caucasian race Precedence: Mendez et al. v. Westminster School
District of Orange County LULAC's previous legal victory in desegregating California schools provided the steam for Delgado v. Bastrop ISD Discussion: On what basis were Mexican-American
students segregated if there were no legal requirements for segregation? United States District Court, Western District of Texas
decided in favor of Delgado, and ordered
desegregation of Mexican-American students -provisions of ruling: school districts could create
separate classrooms for first grade Mexican-
American students based on English Language
Proficiency Even though Delgado v. Bastrop ISD was considered
a victory for LULAC and Mexican-American students
in Texas, English Language Acquisition still provided
school districts a legal avenue to segregate students. Discussion: Is it reasonable or discriminatory
for school districts to place Mexican-American
students in segregated classrooms for English
Language Learning? De Jure segregation of Mexican-American students
continued, however, with school districts using the
following techniques: -manipulation of school district boundaries
-language discrimination
-Choice Plans (racial quotas) Discussion:
-Delgado v. Bastrop ISD was a victory for eliminating separate schools, but not for desegregating classrooms within the schools.
-Joel Spring calls English the "imperialist language"; how can schools better respect the language rights of students, and not
contribute to linguistic imperialism? How are we doing so far?
-Sentiments toward Mexican-American students did not
change with the court ruling. -Segregating Mexican-American students into separate
schools is no longer legal, but the ruling did little to ensure that Mexican-American students received
equal educational opportunity. -Mexican-American students face discrimination
in many other states within the public
education system. References Allsup, V. C.Delgado v. bastrop ISD. Retrieved April 21,2013, from
http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/jrd01

Planas, R. (2013, March 11 2013). Arizona's law banning mexican-american
studies curriculum is constitutional, judge rules. Huffington Post

Joel spring live 09. Spring, J. (Director). (2004).[Video/DVD] McGraw-Hill
Higher Education.

Spring, J. (2007). Deculturalization and the struggle for equality (Fifth ed.).
New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

State Bar of Texas.Delgado, et. al. v. bastrop independent school district, et.
al. Retrieved April 21, 2013, from http://www.texasbar.com/civics/High%20School%20cases/delgado-v-bastrop.html
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