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Adaptations of animals and plants in the polar regions

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by Rachna Sivalingam on 31 October 2012

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Transcript of Adaptations of animals and plants in the polar regions

Done by: Emily, Rachna, Amaliyah, Jovia and Michael Adaptations of animals and plants in the polar regions Antartic animals PENGUINS:
EMPEROR PENGUINS- THEY HAVE CLOSEDLY PACKED FEATHERS, FLIPPERS, EXTRA LAYERS OF FAT TO KEEP THEM WARM WHILE ON LAND AND IN WATER.

OTHER EXAMPLES: KING PENGUINS, ADELIE PENGUINS AND THE CHINSTRAP PENGUINS.

SEALS:
WEDDEL SEAL- THEY ARE A SMALLER SPECIES OF SEALS, THAT ADAPT TO COLD TEMPERATURES BY HAVING A THICK LAYER OF FUR AND FAT. THEY ARE CARNIVORES BUT EAT OMNIVOROUSLY.

OTHER EXAMPLES: SOUTHERN FUR SEALS, SOUTHERN ELEPHANT SEALS,CRABEATER SEALS, AND THE LEOPARD SEALS...

OTHER ANIMALS:

WHALES, KRILL.....

WHALES ARE GIANT MAMMALS THE LENGTH OF 5 BUSSES POLAR PALNTS Most of the plants are small, they grow close together and close to the ground. This protects them from the cold temperatures and the strong winds. fuzzy coverings on the stems, leaves and buds to provide protection from the wind. Some have woolly seed covers. Some plants have cup-shaped flowers that face up to the sun, so the sun's rays are directed to it others are dark coloured so the plants can absorb more solar heat. For certain plants only the top layer of soil thaws out so plants have shallow roots....
THERE ARE ALSO OTHER PLANTS WHICH GROW THERE:

-Arctic Grass
-Arctic Willow
-Purple Saxifrage
-Prairie Crocus
-Arctic Poppy
-Reindeer Lichen / Caribou Moss Arctic animals: POLAR BEARS- HAVING THICK FUR/FAT AND OILY FUR TO PREVENT THEM FROM FREEZING TO THE POLAR BEARS HIBERNATE TOO, THEIR HEART RATE AND BREATHING SLOWS DOWN TO SAVE ENERGY

MUSK OXEN-THEY SURROUND THEIR YOUNGS TO PROTECT THEM FROM THE COLD AND THEY HAVE VERY LONG AND THICK FUR

SNOWY OWL-THEIR FEATHERS ARE WHITE SO THEY CAN CAMOUFLAGE AGAINST THE SNOW AND ICE.. HAVE SILENT WINGS, SHARP VISION/CLAWS TO HUNT

REINDEER-SPECIAL FUR TO FLOAT ON WATER Picture
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