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Copy of The Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II)

An Overview of the Beck Depression Inventory II
by Debbie Leas on 18 March 2013

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Transcript of Copy of The Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II)

Debbie Leas
Julie Brown The Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) Description Strengths Low Cost History Published in 1961 by Aaron Beck, Robert Steer and Gregory Brown Revised in 1996 and is the BDI-II we know today 5 Minute Rapid assessment for ages 13-80 Self-administered or verbally by trained administrator Scoring is quick and easy Fairly inexpensive ($121/25) Measures 21 Item two-factor structure Measures cognitive-affective and somatic symptoms of depression 4 Point scale of severity Time span of symptoms The past two weeks, including today Scoring 0-13 = minimal depression
14-19 = mild depression
20-28 = moderate depression
29-63 = severe depression Beck, the pioneer of CBT, wanted a more standardized and scientific way to measure depression. Efficient Valid and Reliable Easy to administer, score and interpret Has been subject to psychometric evaluations 0 - the client does not experience
depression symptom
3 - the client experiences severe
depression symptom Self-report measure of symptoms of depression to differentiate depressed people and nondepressed people Research has found that standardized measures improve diagnostic accuracy Our Opinion Limitations The BDI-II has been found to have no racial bias and also the Spanish version has been studied and it is just as reliable and valid as the English version References Cognitive-affective symptoms Sadness, past failure, loss of pleasure, guilt, punishment feelings, self dislike and criticism, suicidal thoughts and wishes, crying, agitation, loss of interest in sex, indecisiveness, worthlessness, and irritability Somatic symptoms Loss of energy, changes in sleeping patterns, changes in appetite, having difficulties concentrating, and fatigue One of the most widely used measure of depression in both clinical and research settings. Wiebe, S. J., & Penley, A. J. (2005). A psychometric comparison of the Beck Depression Inventory--II in English and Spanish. Psychological Assessment, 17(4), 481-485. Sprinkle, D. S., Lurie, D., Insko, L. S., Atkinson, G., Jones, L. G., Logan, R. A., & Bissada., N. N. (2002). Criterion validity, severity cut scores, and test-retest reliability of the Beck Depression Inventory-II in a university counseling center sample. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 49(3), 381-385. Eack, M. S., & Singer, B. J. (2008). Screening for anxiety and depression in community mental health: The Beck Anxiety and Depression Inventories. Community Mental Health, 44, 465-474. Hood, B. A., & Johnson, W. J. (2007). Assessment in Counseling: A guide to the Use of Psychological Assessment Procedures. Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association. Grohol, J. (2009). A Profile of Aaron Beck. Psych Central. Retrieved on March 4,2013, from http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2009/09/02/a-profile-of-aaron-beck/ Sashidharan, T., Pawlow, A. L., & Pettibone, C. J. (2012). An examination of racial bias in the Beck Depression Inventory-II. Cultural Diversity and Ethic Minority Psychology, 18(2), 203-209. The BDI suffers from the same problems as other self-report inventories, in that scores can be easily exaggerated or minimized by the person completing them. Like all questionnaires, the way the instrument is administered can have an effect on the final score. If a patient is asked to fill out the form in front of other people in a clinical environment, for instance, social expectations have been shown to elicit a different response compared to administration via a postal survey. Song "Ode to BDI-II" by Melissa T, Retrieved from YouTube 3/4/2013
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