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Mathematics in the Roman Empire

GED 613- E-Notebook
by Joe C on 29 April 2013

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Transcript of Mathematics in the Roman Empire

Mathematics of Rome A Study in Math and History GED 613 Joe Chapin E-Notebook The Roman Empire was one of the most expansive territorial empires in history. It exerted tremendous power and influence over the ancient world. The Roman world was filled with relevant and fascinating math! Introduction Dates & Time Rome founded on the 7 hills of the Tiber River
753 BC
The last King of Rome ousted in 509 BC leading to over 580 years of the ‘Roman Republic’
Julius Caesar rises to power as a military and political leader but is murdered by conspiracy on the “Ides of March” in 44 BC
Estimated Time Span: 753 BC --> 476 AD (1229 years) The Ides of What? Roman Calendar was based on the lunar cycle
The Ides referred to the Full Moon
The Ides of March
On months with 31 days the Ides was on the 15th
On other months it was the 13th Roman Numerals Can you name the numbers? The Roman numeric system used Latin letters to signify value
Possibly derived from tally marks
Numerals were used on coins and in trade
Used in calculations for construction Geometry Measurement in Land Probability and Gladiators Seven is a significant number in Rome Seven Kings Seven Hills We still use Roman numerals today... Romans used geometry in their architecture. The Romans used columns, domes, patterns and arches (over 340 in the Colosseum) The Pantheon Perfectly symmetrical
142' high x 142' diameter
Innovation in arches Symmetry-Romans held symmetry as one of the most important geographical concepts, especially for Temples Meanwhile, near Scotland.... Hadrian's Wall
Built by Emperor Hadrian in 128 AD
Marked the furthest point of the Roman Empire
It runs for 73 miles
Intended to keep out "barbarians" 'barbarians' At its height, Rome covered between 2.2 and 2.5 million sq. miles in area
As many as 60 million people were considered 'Roman'
That was 1/5 of the world's population Over 50,000 miles of roads connected (Or 80,000km) Late Empire's 113 provinces were interconnected by 372 great road links Enhanced military mobility If the Roman Empire existed today, it would cover nearly 50 modern-day countries! Architecture Roman columns Aqueduct Those who fought in the Colosseum had their lives at risk; the chances of their survival depended on a number of factors... Animals, weapons or other gladiators
Personal Experience
Strategy
Emperor's Decision This poor guy only had a 50-50 chance... Conclusion Much like our own lives, the life of Romans was filled
with math. The history and mathematics of the Roman Empire can still be seen today around the world. Fun Facts A Roman legion held roughly 6,000 soldiers
Soldiers could march up to 25 miles (40km) a day At the height of Empire, Rome was consuming over 180 million liters (47 million gallons) of wine annually
That's a bottle of wine each day for every citizen Roman
Road Roman Empire at its fullest extent Death of Caesar by Vincenzo Camuccini.
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