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list of literary devices in macbeth

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by Liliya Silkovska on 31 January 2013

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Transcript of list of literary devices in macbeth

IN MACBETH Literary Devices Forshadowing Giving human qualities to animals or objects. Personification Language that evokes one of five senses, or just paints a picture of something. Imagery Mixing up the usual order of words in sentences. Anastrophe Pattern of beat int the lines of a poem or other literary work Rhythm The resolutin of the play where the tragedy is explained and solution to the problem is given for future refrence. Sometimes presents a moral Denouement Hint of what is to come in the action of a play. 1.3
"All hail, Macbeth, hail to thee thane of Cawdor.
All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be King hereafter.

The witches have prophesied that Macbeth will be
Thane of Cawdor and a King.
They just wanted to put a that desire in him so he acts upon, and since witches are suppose to be supernatural we believe that this is what is going to happen in the story. Similie Comparison between unlike things using like, as, or as though 1.3
"Into the air, and what seemed corporal melted
As breath into the wind."
The witches have just vanished when Macbeth tried to question them farther. The witches what seemed to him just vanished into thin air. 1.3
"And make my seated heart knock at my ribs."

Macbeth is worried and nervous and a little exited about being a king and what has to be done to become a King. He is afraid to kill King Duncan Metaphor A comparison in which one thing is said to be another. Rhyme Rhymed words at the end of the lines. Allusion A reference to to a person, event or place, real or fiction. Can be drawn from history, geography, literature or religion. Blank Verse A verse that has no rhymes at the end of the lines. Tragic Flaw A certain quality in the carachter that causes his own fall and ends in tragedy. 4.2
"He cannot buckle his distemper'd cause
Within the belt of rule"

This means that King Macbeth could not control his temper and follow the rules of playing fair to stay a King. 3.4
"And keep the natural ruby of your cheeks,
When mine is blanched with fear."

Macbeth is fearful of ghost that appeared to him during the feast. He is so scared that he turned white, while other people are not scared because they can't see the ghost they have natural red cheeks. 4.1
O well done! I commend your pains;
And every one shall share i' the gains;
And now about the cauldron sing,
Live elves and fairies in a ring,
Enchanting all that you put in.

The main witch is talking to the rest of the witches about how well they have done and soon they will get what they deserved. "Toad, that under cold stone
Days and nights has thirty-one"

Instead of saying that toad has thirty-one days the witch says "days and nights has thirty one". She mixed the usual order of words. 1.2
"Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds,
Or memorise another Golgotha"

During the battle When Macbeth was defeating the other side they gave them lots of wounds and and made that day for them to be like Golgotha, were Jesus had the worst agony in the world. "Scale of dragon, tooth of wolf,
Witches' mummy, maw and gulf
Of the ravin'd salt-sea shark,
Root of hemlock digg'd i' the dark,
Liver of blaspheming Jew,
Gall of goat, and slips of yew
Silver'd in the moon's eclipse,
Nose of Turk and Tartar's lips"

These lines have kind of a marhing beat to them. They were made like that to sound enchanting since witches are doing their "magical" work making a potion, and it sounds like they are putting a spell on it. 2.2
"Whence is that knocking?
How is't with me, when every noise appals me?
What hands are here? ha! they pluck out mine eyes.
Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood
Clean from my hand? No, this my hand will rather
The multitudinous seas in incarnadine,
Making the green one red."

Macbeth is scared of every noise after he killed King Duncan. And this verse has no rhymes at the end of the lines because he has done something bad and now his lines are not going the way they are supose to. 5.8
"We shall not spend a large expense of time
Before we reckon with your several loves,
And make us even with you. My thanes and kinsmen,
Henceforth be earls, the first that ever Scotland
In such an honour named. What's more to do,
Which would be planted newly with the time,
As calling home our exiled friends abroad
That fled the snares of watchful tyranny;
Producing forth the cruel ministers
Of this dead butcher and his fiend-like queen,
Who, as 'tis thought, by self and violent hands
Took off her life; this, and what needful else
That calls upon us, by the grace of Grace,
We will perform in measure, time and place:
So, thanks to all at once and to each one,
Whom we invite to see us crown'd at Scone."

Malcolm is saying that the bad King has been punished and the Queen took her own life. Now they will do their best with the help of God to bring their country back to order. And new King will be crowned. What thou art promised: yet do I fear thy nature;
It is too full o' the milk of human kindness
To catch the nearest way: thou wouldst be great;
Art not without ambition, but without
The illness should attend it: what thou wouldst highly,
That wouldst thou holily; wouldst not play false,
And yet wouldst wrongly win: thou'ldst have, great Glamis,
That which cries 'Thus thou must do, if thou have it;
And that which rather thou dost fear to do
Than wishest should be undone.' Hie thee hither,
That I may pour my spirits in thine ear;
And chastise with the valour of my tongue
All that impedes thee from the golden round,
Which fate and metaphysical aid doth seem
To have thee crown'd withal.

The flaw of Macbeth was that he was unsure of what is the right thing to do, or what is it exactly he wants to do. It is very easy to change his mind because he is very indecisive. And in this poem Lady Macbeth is ready to take advantage of his indecisiveness and push him to do murder. Soliloquy A speech of a character to show what is on his/her mind "Is this a dagger which I see before me,
The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee.
I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.
Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible
To feeling as to sight? or art thou but
A dagger of the mind, a false creation,
Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?
I see thee yet, in form as palpable
As this which now I draw.
Thou marshall'st me the way that I was going;
And such an instrument I was to use.
Mine eyes are made the fools o' the other senses,
Or else worth all the rest; I see thee still,
And on thy blade and dudgeon gouts of blood,
Which was not so before. There's no such thing:
It is the bloody business which informs
Thus to mine eyes. Now o'er the one halfworld
Nature seems dead, and wicked dreams abuse
The curtain'd sleep; witchcraft celebrates
Pale Hecate's offerings, and wither'd murder,
Alarum'd by his sentinel, the wolf,
Whose howl's his watch, thus with his stealthy pace.
With Tarquin's ravishing strides, towards his design
Moves like a ghost. Thou sure and firm-set earth,
Hear not my steps, which way they walk, for fear
Thy very stones prate of my whereabout,
And take the present horror from the time,
Which now suits with it. Whiles I threat, he lives:
Words to the heat of deeds too cold breath gives.
A bell rings

I go, and it is done; the bell invites me.
Hear it not, Duncan; for it is a knell
That summons thee to heaven or to hell. Macbeth is talking to himself before he killed King Duncan. He tries to reason with himself and make himself feel less guilty about deed that is to be done. Aside Words spoken by an actor to be heard only by the audience. Cannot be ill, cannot be good: if ill,
Why hath it given me earnest of success,
Commencing in a truth? I am thane of Cawdor:
If good, why do I yield to that suggestion
Whose horrid image doth unfix my hair
And make my seated heart knock at my ribs,
Against the use of nature? Present fears
Are less than horrible imaginings:
My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical,
Shakes so my single state of man that function
Is smother'd in surmise, and nothing is
But what is not.

Macbeth is talking to himself while having a conversation with Banquo and Angus about his newborn secret desire to kill the King.
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