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Breastfeeding as a Hygienic Practice

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by Eleanor Frye on 2 December 2013

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Transcript of Breastfeeding as a Hygienic Practice

Breast = Best?
Outline
Historical connections:
morality in 18th century France
Nestle formula marketing in the developing world
Breastfeeding today in:
Tanzania
Malawi
France in the 18th century
Outline
Historical connections:
morality in 18th century France
Nestle formula marketing in the developing world
Breastfeeding today in:
Tanzania
Malawi
Outline
Historical connections:
morality in 18th century France
Nestle formula marketing in the developing world
Breastfeeding today in:
Tanzania
Malawi
Outline
Historical connections:
morality in 18th century France
Nestle formula marketing in the developing world
Breastfeeding today in:
Tanzania
Malawi
- UNICEF: Malawi statistics
Tanzania
Malawi
Breastfeeding vs. Breast Milk Alternatives: An age-old debate
Breastfeeding Support: Close to Mothers: "A Promise Renewed" to Promote Child Survival. Concept Note: Breastfeeding Week 2013 Tanzania. Rep. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Web.
IBFAN. "How Breastfeeding Is Undermined: Innapropriate Language." IBFAN. International Baby Food Action Network, n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. Emile or On Education. Trans. Allan Bloom. N.p.: Basic, 1979. Print.
Vandermonde, Charles-Augustin. "Essay on the Manner of Perfecting the Human Species."
World Bank Indicators. Digital image. Trading Economics. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.
Vandermonde: women
should not
breastfeed because of...
Gluttony
Food choice
Corrupted air
Sedentary lifestyle
Continuous agitation
Exhaustion
Passage of infirmaries and passions
"In the first ages of the world, before vice had spread its venom in all hearts, mothers' innocence flowed with their milk into the veins of their children...This happy time is no more...They close the hearts of their children in opening their breast to them."
- Charles-Augustin Vandermonde, "Essay on the manner of perfecting the human species" (38)
Rousseau: women
should
breastfeed because of...
"duty of women"
bonding
moral reform
esteemed public image
improved health
"But let mothers deign to nurse their children, morals will reform themselves, nature's sentiments will be awakened in every heart, the state will be repeopled"
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau,
Emile or On Education
, (46)
Vs.
Over 97% of mothers breastfeed infants aged 0-6 months
50% of those mothers do not supplement with formula
Malnutrition accounts for 130 child deaths/day
- Concept Note: Breastfeeding Week 2013 Tanzania
The Employment and Labor Relation Act No. 6
Nursing mother protection from unsafe working environment and discrimination in the workplace
Allowance of two paid hours for breastfeeding during work day
Increased awareness efforts

Exclusive breastfeeding (% of children under 6 months)
Malnutrition prevalence; weight for age
(% of children under 6 months)
- Trading Economics World Bank Indicators
Raise your hand if you think that the clip included clear information on the following points:
A. "The benefits and superiority of breastfeeding"
B. "Maternal nutrition, and the preparation for and maintenance of breastfeeding"
C. "The negative effect on breastfeeding of introducing partial bottle-feeding"
D. "The difficulty of reversing the decision not to breastfeed"
E. "The proper use of infant formula"
Nestle marketing controversy
Lack of funds to support formula feeding in third world
Dilution, under-nutrition
Lack of infrastructure to support formula feeding
Water contamination, diarrheal disease
- IBFAN "How Breastfeeding is Undermined"
Negative Impacts of Aggressive and/or Non-Compliant Marketing Strategies in the Third World
References:
72% of mothers do not supplement breastfeeding with formula (under 6 months of age) - up from 3% in 1992
47% of children have stunted growth
50% reduction in under-5 mortality rate since 2000 (164/1000 to 83/1000)
(% of children under 6 months)
(% of children under 6 months)
- Trading Economics World Bank Indicators
Increased information dissemination
World Breastfeeding Week
Controversy surrounding use of Chichewa on formula labels
Encouragement for HIV-positive women to breastfeed
Recent progress:
Breastfeeding Statistics:
Recent progress:
Breastfeeding statistics:
Exclusive breastfeeding
Malnutrition prevalence; weight for age
(required of all visual informational materials dealing with the feeding of infants and intended to reach pregnant women and mothers as stipulated by the World Health Organization's International Code of Marketing Breast Milk Substitutes)
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