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Copy of Copy of Chapter 1 Vocabulary

Ty, Louis, Arjun, Neel
by Philippe Celestin on 30 August 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of Chapter 1 Vocabulary

States of Matter
Liquid
Solid
Gas
Plasma
Inaugurate
v. 1. To install in office with a formal ceremony.

Presidents of the United States are
inaugurated
in January following the November election.
Unit 1
Vocabulary Workshop
Avid
Brusque
Concise
adj. 1. Having a strong desire for, to the point of greed/
2. Eager; enthusiastic
Marcia is an
avid
skier who spends each weekend on the sloped.
Despicable
adj. Deserving contempt or scorn
Stealing from the class treasury was a
despicable
thing to do.
Emulate
Excruciating
v. To try to equal; to imitate.
In all areas of chemistry, chemists study chemicals
Chemical - "A chemical is any substance that has a definite composition" textbook page 4.
This is the chemical Structure of caffeine.
Caffeine always has the same structure (as shown), and so it is a chemical.
C8H10N4O2
Dr. Meier,
You Rock!!
v. 1. To call forth; to produce

After the oil spill, the governor's appeal for clean-up volunteers
evoked
a huge response from people in the state.

2. To bring to mind, often by suggestion.

The tinkling notes from the music box
evoked
for me the carefree joys of childhood.
Pervade
Proprietor
Pseudonym
Rebuff
Resilient
Turbulent
adj. Very painful

The ointment soothed the excruciating burn on Ronald's arm.
v. To spread throughout.

Laughter
pervades
the house whenever Aunt Sara visits us.
n. An owner of a store or other business.

The
proprietors
of the downtown shops planned a sidewalk sale for the first weekend in June.
adj. 1. Capable of recovering quickly from misfortune.

After slipping to third place, the Red Sox were
resilient
enough to regain first place.

2. Returning quickly to an original shape or condition.
adj. 1. Chaotic; unruly.

My brother and I tried our best to stay calm during the
turbulent
period of our parent's divorce.

2. Stormy; tempestuous.

Such a
turbulent
sea prevented all boats from leaving the harbor.
Properties
Physical
Properties
Chemical
Properties
Extensive Properties
Intensive Properties
Extensive properties depend on and change with the how much matter is present.
Vocabulary Workshop:
Unit 5
For Instance...
Elements:
Volume
Mass
Energy
(in a substance)
are made up of a single type of atom, but can have more than one atom in its structure to exist stably in nature.
Mass is the measurement of how much matter is in a given object.
Volume is a measure of the size of a body or region in three-dimensional space
Energy is considered the ability to do work on a physical system.
Intensive properties do not depend on or change with the amount of matter present. Instead, intensive properties remain the same no matter how much matter is present. Some of these properties are density and ability to conduct and transfer electricity and energy as heat.
Chemical properties refer to a substance's ability to change into different substances. Chemical properties can be seen easily when substances are undergoing chemical reactions to form new substances.
Physical properties are characteristics that can be determined and observed without changing the identity of the substance. Physical properties describe what the substance itself is, and not how it can change into different substances.
Dr. Meier,
You Rock
n. A Fictitious name used by an author; a pen name
v.1. To reject bluntly.

The owners
rebuffed
all attempts to take over their successful computer company.

2. To drive back.

Although the men in the Alamo were determined to
rebuff
Santa Anna's forces, in the end they were defeated.
Particles are moving fast, far apart,and have lost many of their electrons
Ex: found in fluorescent lights
has definite volume and indefinite shape. Particles are moving but close to each other
Ex: Water, oil
has definite volume and shape. Particles are fixed (but vibrating) and close to each other
Ex: rock, ice
has

indefinite volume and shape. Particles are moving fast and far apart
Ex: air, helium
are forms of matter in four different phases.
v. To cause a lowering of self-esteem; to lower in reputation or character.

Don't
demean
yourself by denying what everyone knows to be true.
Compounds:
Compounds are:
Substances that are made up of different types of atoms bonded together to form a single unit.
Compounds do not share the same properties as the elements that they are made up of.
Another Compound Cartoon
Mixtures are:
Two or more different substances that are in the same container, but are not bonded together.
Unlike compounds, each substance in a mixture keeps its own chemical properties
Demean
adj. Abrupt in manner or speech; gruff.
The lawyer's
brusque
questioning intimidated the witness.
adj. Short and to the point.

"Speed Kills" is a
concise
way of warning drivers of the danger of going too fast.
Water's boiling point is 100 °C at sea level pressure. This is a physical property of water.
Reactant
Product
A reactant is added to another substance to start a chemical reaction. Reactants are also called reagents.
A product is a substance created when one or more reactants undergo a chemical reaction and change into another substance, namely the product.
...I see properties!
States of Matter are a Physical property and go through exothermic and endothermic processes.
When a substance goes through an exothermic change, energy is released. For example, when water freezes, the substance loses energy so water can become ice, which has very low energy
When a substance goes through an endothermic change, energy is obtained. For example, when ice sublimes, the substance gains energy so ice becomes gas, which is the state with the 2nd highest energy after plasma
Homogeneous Mixtures:
Are mixtures that have all of their components
uniform throughout.
Examples of Homogeneous mixtures are minerals, gun powder, saltwater etc...
Solutions are homogeneous mixtures as well.
Heterogeneous Mixtures:
Are mixtures that are non-uniform
in composition and/or properties.
Examples are pizza, milk, sand in water, Ernest Hemmingway ect...
Colloids are heterogeneous mixtures that appear homogeneous, but when closely observed are found to contain small particles.
Suspensions are heterogeneous mixtures which have large particles suspended or scattered in a liquid. These particles can either be filtered out or given time, they will settle.
Diatomic Elements
Musicians around the world have tried to
emulate
Louis Armstrong's soulful trumpet playing.
What is being emulated here?
What kinds of feelings are EVOKED?
Evoke
Samuel Clemmons used the pseudonym "Mark Twain."
*Start at 2:32
Sample List:
Word Variations
As we study vocabulary we notice that many of our words have different spellings. These are sometimes called word variations or inflected forms of a word.
We will continue studying using these different forms of the words to create stories. This can be challenging, so have a dictionary close by so that you can use the words correctly.
For example, the word “authentic” has many variations or inflected forms. I will try to tell a story using all of the forms of this word—wish me luck. There are eight (8) forms of the word listed! Eight!! You will see my story right behind the slide that has the word “authentic” listed on it.
Now, try pronouncing each of the words and their variation as the slides progress slowly. y.
.
Word Variation
Stories
VOCABULARY STUDY:
Word Variations
or
Inflected Forms
Once upon a time, in a land not so far away called Florida, a little girl walked on the beach. Samantha, that’s her name, found a coin with many strange marking that looked ancient. She wondered if the coin was authentic, could it really be from ancient times? So, she showed the coin to her friend, Dora.

“How can I get my coin authenticated so I can tell what it is worth,” she asked Dora.

“I don’t know anything about how to determine the authenticity of coins,” Dora replied, “You will need an expert who can authentically determine its worth—that not me.”

“Do you know a person who authenticates coins?” Dora asked.

“Well, I will look in the phone book for a coin authenti-person, or authority on coins. It can’t be that hard, and this person will know how to authenticate my coin.”

She looked and found that the person was called a “coin dealer.” She took the coin to him.

“While he is authenticating it; I will think of ways to spend the fortune that I will get from selling my coin after its authentication.”

Samantha ordered lots of games, new shoes, clothes, books, DVD’s, and CD. She charged it to her mother’s credit card. Then she went to see the Coin Dealer.

“Worthless,” said the Coin Dealer, “Absolutely, worthless. It’s a button off an old coat from long ago.”

Samantha screamed, jumped up and down and finally fainted!
The Coin
by Ms. Steele
Inflate
Inflates
Inflated
Inflating
Inflation
Using Variations
in a Story
Listen as we listen on how we can use variations to create a story.
How Vocab Works ...
1. You write down the definitions of each word AS SOON as it shows up on the screen
2. You follow along with the audio and do what it tells you to do/say
3. You participate in all the vocabulary activities
Have fun, but stay professional and swagged out. Otherwise you will finish your vocabulary in a buddy classroom.
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