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Green Arrows—>

Family History Work
by Mimsy Borogove on 28 March 2014

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Transcript of Green Arrows—>

There are 12 possible duplicate records for Ole—Ole’s ordinances could potentially be done up to 12 times

Duplicate Records Can Cause Duplication of Ordinances

To prevent ordinance duplication, you must merge all definite duplicates—you need to know what is correct to do this!
Documents from home or extended family

FamilySearch Historical Records (contains both indexed records and digital images)

Other government and church records books, newspapers, cemetery records, etc.

(Many of these records are available at various Internet sites—Google searches can be helpful)



Create One
Common Pedigree

“It remains the responsibility of each individual to know his kindred dead. … Even if the work is done, then it is still each person’s responsibility to study and become acquainted with his ancestors.”

Getting to Know Our Ancestors
How Can We Overcome the Lack of Time and Ability?
Building a Bridge to the Temple
For Whom Should We Provide
Temple Ordinances?
Green Arrows— Superhero Target OR Bridge Building Opportunity
What Prevents Us From Doing Ordinances for Our Dead?
If 5% of 15,000,000 Church members submitted 10 names with duplicate ordinances

The duplicate temple work would take 75,000,000 hours (8,562 years)—delaying needed ordinances for 7,500,000 persons

We still wouldn’t have a record “worthy of all acceptation”

The work would be hindered, not hastened!

Why Should We Be Concerned About Duplicate Ordinances?
Same Samuel—What Else Is Wrong?

By Working Together, We Can Have a Family Tree Like This!
How Long Did It Take to Build Golden Gate Bridge?

Records created near the time of an event by someone with firsthand knowledge of the event are best

Records created many years later by those aware of an event, or created many years later by those who reference original sources may not be quite as accurate

Records without original sources created many years later by someone without firsthand knowledge of an event are often incorrect—they are just CLUES!

Evaluate who created the record. Did they have firsthand knowledge of the person and the event?

Evaluate when the record was created. Was it created near the time of the event or many years later?

If possible, multiple sources are best—"In the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established.”
(2 Corinthians 13:1)

How Can I Determine the Accuracy of the Information I Find?

Where Can I Find Sources?

1. Become familiar with the tools available at FamilySearch.org

2. Get to know your ancestors through photos, stories, and documents

3. Document important events in your ancestors’ lives, add sources and make sure their information in Family Tree is correct

4. Follow the Spirit to know which lines to work on

5. Make sure your first few generations are correct

6. Collaborate with others

7. Follow the Spirit and work your way back (or forward) one ancestor and one family at a time

8. Verify that you really connect to distant ancestors and cousins by finding good sources for those in between

9. Accurately find, identify, and merge duplicate records

10. If close ancestors' work is completed, spend a few hours a month following these steps and you WILL find ancestors who REALLY need temple work!
How Do We Build a Bridge to the Temple?

Lack of time
What is This?

“Wherefore, be not weary in well-doing, for ye are laying the foundation of a great work. And out of small things proceedeth that which is great.”
A Green Arrow Doesn't "Nourish or Prune"

We Must "Prune the Vineyard" to See What Temple Work Is
Really
Needed

Why Should We Be Concerned About Duplicate Ordinances?

Why Should We Be Concerned About Duplicate Ordinances?

Examples of what will likely happen if you don’t accurately find and merge duplicates

A second cousin reserved about 120 “green arrow” ordinances—only one sealing ordinance was needed

An in-law's niece reserved about 100 “green arrow” ordinances—no ordinances were needed

A young man in a friend’s ward reserved about 150 “green arrow” ordinances—only 7 ordinances were needed

GET HELP IF NEEDED!
-Many errors are not obvious—they may look correct

-Start your research by reviewing all attached sources

-Find additional sources if needed

-If reasonably possible, find a birth, marriage, and death record for each person

Research Is Mandatory When You Find a Green Arrow

What is Wrong in This Family?
("Samuel" was a ward member's "sibling")
Research Pays Off—Richard Helen Is a “Miss”
Find All Vital Records if Possible

Name and gender of the person

A birth, death, or marriage date and place—records of these events are called “vital records”

Relationships (needed for sealings)

What Information Is Needed to
Provide Temple Ordinances?

Without Nourishing, Grafting, and Pruning, Family Tree Looks Like This!

Should you immediately jump back several generations to find someone with a green arrow?
How Do We Find Names if Our Family History Is “All Done”?

“If only 5 percent of the [22,368,256] were available due to lack of records or some of the work having already been done, the potential would still be [1,118,413] related people. That is ample work for all.”


How Do We Find Names if Our Family History Is
“All Done”?

If you go back 10 generations—512 direct line couples

Conservatively assume each subsequent generation has 4 children

Go forward 7 generations (excludes last 110 years)

= 8,388,608 7th generation descendants (if generations 1-6 and spouses are included, = 22,368,256 persons)


Elder Packer Suggested
the Following:

“We hear frequently statements that ‘my work is done,’ or that ‘we cannot find any additional names’. … We are adding 1.7 million [indexed] names every day. What may have been a dead end could be extended now.” 
How Do We Find Names if Our Family History Is “All Done”?
Who is This?
Build a Bridge to the Temple
We Must Properly Identify

“I have learned that those who engage in family history research and then perform the temple ordinance work for those whose names they have found will know the additional joy of receiving both halves of the blessing. … All of us should find joy in this magnificent labor of love.”
Research Before
Temple Work

“Because of the sacred nature of this work, members should be diligent in assuring the accuracy of all information submitted.”


--First Presidency, June 1995

Why Worry—Won’t all the Errors Be Fixed in the Millennium?

“The … FamilySearch system changes the dynamics of family history work by facilitating the creation of one common pedigree.  In the past, a person worked separately, keeping his or her own family records. … Now each person can contribute information while coordinating with others in developing their family tree. … The preparation of that record is our individual and collective responsibility. As we work together, we can make it worthy of all acceptation by the Lord.” 
“Nourishing,” "grafting," and “pruning” Family Tree may take time!

Building a bridge to the temple won’t take that long but…
Why are Sources Important in Family History?
Family Tree contains many errors—you may not be related to those who show up several generations back!

“Let us, therefore, as a church and a people, and as Latter-day Saints, offer unto the Lord an offering in righteousness; and let us present in his holy temple, when it is finished, a book containing the records of our dead, which shall be worthy of all acceptation.
We Are Commanded to Create A Record Worthy of All Acceptation


“Set aside those things in your life that don’t really matter. Decide to do something that will have eternal consequences. Perhaps you have been prompted to look for ancestors but feel you are not [qualified]. … It all begins with love and a sincere desire to help those beyond the veil who can’t help themselves. …There will be someone who can help you.”



“I would invite you to read carefully in the sections in the Doctrine and Covenants that focus on this sacred responsibility and the language that says that you are to perform these ordinances
not
for
the
dead, but for
your dead
.”

How Do They Relate to Family History?

“[Most] of those who … go [to the temple] … are not working on their own ancestral lines. They are not saving their own dead. ... We all must learn that to save our own dead we must properly identify them so that we can then perform the work for them in the temples.”
Several Marriage Records Are Found—Click One With an Image!
NO!
Why not?
Review Family Tree up to your 2nd great grandparents

Check your Temple Opportunities List

See which deceased ancestors and their descendants may be missing from Family Tree

Prayerfully select an ancestor to learn more about—give special attention to those who may need ordinances
How Do We Find Names to Do Temple Ordinances?
What is wrong with this pedigree?

A Record Worthy of All Acceptation

Green Arrows
Enduring and useful
Fast acting
superhero
Green

One individual's ordinances takes about 10 hours (patron and temple workers) to complete

Duplicating ordinances is analogous to “rescuing” pioneers who are safe in the valley instead of those stranded on the plains

Re-doing ordinances already done delays needed ordinances for another ancestor


What Kind of
The Indexed Information Does not Show Gender
To "Prune the Vineyard" We Must Properly Identify Duplicate Records

This is an extracted record in Family Tree--it must be "grafted" to the rest of the family!
It shows only a father and son, it is "unattached"

There are many duplicates, many unattached records, and many errors!
Where Did Family Tree Data Come From?
With this many records...
Golden Gate Bridge
Arrow
Not well known
Not real
Builders are not famous, but
their work is
Superhero Target
Bridge Building Opportunity?
~Elder David A. Bednar
Permission is denied
Records do not exist
Thinking everything is “all done”
Discouragement
Lack of ability
or
-Elder Richard G. Scott
How Can We Avoid Discouragement?
Remember this is the Lord’s work— He will help us

Prayerfully select one person/family at a time

Start with a close ancestor, even if their work is completed (learn how to build a small bridge)

Get help from others when needed
Remember that there are other important goals besides doing temple work--these include:

Getting to know our ancestors and preserving memories for our posterity

Creating “a record of our dead, worthy of all acceptation” (D&C 128:24)
- President Joseph Fielding Smith

-Doctrine & Covenants 128:24

-Elder Allan F. Packer

-Elder Allan F. Packer
You may not be related to some who are only a few generations back
LDS Temple records (including user submitted IGI records)
LDS Church Membership records
LDS extraction records
Millions of user submitted records--many of these were duplicated by relatives who each submitted their
own records
Is He Really My Father?
“Patience, Young Skywalker!”

-Elder Russell M. Nelson
--President Spencer W. Kimball
--President Howard W. Hunter
And you find this green arrow

Does a Green Arrow Mean Ordinances are Definitely Needed?
A person’s gender may be incorrect

Persons are sometimes in the wrong family

Persons are sometimes fictitious

There are frequently duplicate records which contain completed ordinances
Why Can’t I Just Click a Green Arrow Without Doing Research?
What is Wrong in This Family?
Two children are listed as both male and female
Search Records to Prove Gender
So click View Image
Samuel was born in 1804 and married in 1825—his parents were born in 1910 and 1912, and married in 1942
Samuel is not a female
The “female” Samuel (born in 1804), was sealed to the wrong parents
What Is Wrong in This Family?

This person belongs in a different family
This was confirmed only by researching all family members
Another green arrow
The yellow boxes mean their are duplicate records for each family member
The little blue boxes mean the computer thinks ordinances are needed
I just click and go! No research for me!
Examples of less accurate but still valuable records include:

Government records such as death certificates, marriage certificates, etc., used to determine birth information
Census records used to determine birth information
Headstones, obituaries, or cemetery records used to determine birth or marriage information
Personal journals, histories, etc. created many years after an event by those who were aware of the event when it occurred
Books, pedigrees, family group sheets, etc. created many years later by those who reviewed and referenced original sources
Children who die before age 8 only need sealing ordinances

Ordinances might be duplicated for each event you don’t find—it takes about 10 hours (patron and temple workers’ time) to complete one person’s ordinances

Spend a reasonable amount of time (let the Spirit guide) searching for all vital records but don’t delay ordinances if you can’t find everything

Why should I bother to find vital records for close relatives that I personally knew—can’t I just do their work?

Their records are the easiest to find—you can preserve them for your posterity by adding them to Family Tree. Make their records “worthy of all acceptation” and help prevent future generations from changing them. Learning how to build a small bridge will help you learn how to build a larger one

“One of the most troublesome aspects of our temple activity is that … there is duplication of effort in proxy work."



“ The [Smith] family participated in a family home evening with each member at a computer where they could search out ancestors for themselves. Within [a] brief time … they had all individually found names for whom work was not yet completed. Sister [Smith] said, “It was exciting to find one name, and if I could find one name, maybe I could find more.” 
Are they like me?

 
[Later, Jane—her daughter] was searching for family names to take to the temple for baptisms with her ward Young Women. “It was very exciting,” Sister [Smith] said, “for her to find 55 names in an hour. It is really fun to take names that are in your own line.”
What is wrong with this story that was reported in the Church News?
Superhero
Are You?
Green Arrow

Bridge Builder
There don’t appear to be any obvious errors—everything looks plausible.
Make your contributions “worthy of all acceptation”

-D&C 64:33
How Many Duplicate Records
Are There?

You've verified back...
Examples least accurate records:

Personal journals, histories, etc. created many years after an event by those who were unaware of the event when it occurred
Books, pedigrees, family group sheets, etc. created many years later by those who didn’t review and reference original sources. Online family trees (including Family Tree) that do not record original sources.

These records are often wrong—they are just clues!
Serve a time machine mission by serving your ancestors
What Are Missionary Goals and How Does a Missionary Achieve Them?
What Does a Missionary Need to Do to Achieve These Goals?
Prepare temporally and spiritually

Go through several interviews, receive mission call

Go to the MTC, learn Preach My Gospel, learn a language in some cases

Follow the Spirit, work hard, obey mission rules, teach and prepare people for baptism and the temple
Which Do You Think Is Easier?
A full time mission?
Serving our ancestors?
OR
FamilySearch.org Makes it Easier to Serve Our Ancestors!
A green arrow temple icon suggests that someone in the family MAY need ordinances
However We Need to Avoid the Temptation of Making it Too Easy!
What Are the Goals of Serving Our Ancestors and How Do We Achieve Them?
How Do We Achieve These Goals for Our Ancestors?
Be Prayerful and follow the Spirit

Obtain and LDS account

Review your ancestors in Family Tree

Use FamilySearch.org to Build a Bridge to the temple
Is Family Tree Currently Worthy of All Acceptation?
We must “nourish," "graft," and "prune” it!
To Make Family Tree “Worthy of All Acceptation”
Sources document the important events in our ancestors’ lives

Sources enable us to find the information needed to provide temple ordinances

Sources make Family Tree accurate and “worthy of all acceptation” (D&C 128:24)

Why are Sources Important?

To correctly merge these duplicate records you must know what is correct
Once duplicates are merged, the records show that the majority of these ordinances are already completed
“President Gordon B. Hinckley … stated that ‘those who wait beyond the veil for the ordinances of the gospel are in desperate circumstances analogous to the handcart pioneers. They need our help. Those who labor in the temples of the Lord are their rescuers’, he said. ‘We need to wake up the whole Church to their plight.’”
How Urgent Is it to Provide Temple Ordinances for Our Ancestors?

“President Gordon B. Hinckley … stated that those who wait beyond the veil for the ordinances of the gospel are in desperate circumstances analogous to the handcart pioneers. They need our help. Those who labor in the temples of the Lord are their rescuers, he said. We need to wake up the whole Church to their plight.’”
How Urgent Is it to Provide Temple Ordinances for Our Ancestors?
Puzilla helps us find the cousins Elder Packer mentioned and is accessible from the familysearch.org home page

How Do We Find Names if Our
Family History Is “All Done”?

Worthy of All Acceptation
A record “worthy of all acceptation” requires nourishment by building a bridge to the temple, not just rapidly submitting names

This requires finding the best available sources!

(“How Beautiful Thy Temples, Lord”, BYU Family History Fireside, March 8, 2002)
--Elder D. Todd Christofferson
~4 1/2 Years
--President Gordon B. Hinckley
--Elder D. Todd Christofferson
(“How Beautiful Thy Temples, Lord”, BYU Family History Fireside, March 8, 2002)
It is overgrown with duplicate records, has many unattached records, and contains many errors!

NO!
Extracted

vs.

Indexed Records

In the past, extracted names were obtained in order to provide names for the temple. Many of these records still need to be "grafted" into their families in Family Tree. Ordinances for extracted names are not all completed. However, no new extracted records have been added by the Church for several years.
Currently, indexed names are made available for us to find in FamilySearch’s Historical Records. These names are not automatically added to Family Tree or sent to the temple—we must do that! Indexed records make it much easier to create a record “worthy of all acceptation”

Search Possible Duplicates, or perform creative Search Records and/or Family Tree Find searches if:

The person was a Church member, or the person’s record was added by a Church member—their ordinances have likely been completed (except for some members born in the last 110 years)

Other records in the area and time period have been extracted

You feel ordinances may have been completed

Try hard to find duplicates in these cases!


Duplicate Records May Not Show Up When Clicking a Green Arrow

Search Possible Duplicates, or perform creative Search Records and/or Family Tree Find searches if:

The person was a Church member, or the person’s record was added by a Church member—their ordinances have likely been completed (except for some members born in the last 110 years)

Other records in the area and time period have been extracted

You feel ordinances may have been completed

Try hard to find duplicates in these cases!


Duplicate Records May Not Show Up When Clicking a Green Arrow

This presentation has been created to help members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints become involved in family history work and perform ordinances for their deceased ancestors. While much of the presentation contents come from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints websites (lds.org and familysearch.org), the overall course content is the responsibility of the author.

commercial use of any kind is not permitted. However, non-commercial use to help others better understand these principles is encouraged.

It is hoped that all who use this presentation will keep in mind that the intent should always be to help others “Build a Bridge to the Temple” by accurately identifying their ancestors through finding the best available sources, and properly identifying and merging duplicate records when requesting and performing temple ordinances.

I would like to thank Cathy Anderegg, Chris Young, Heather McPhie, Kathryn Grant, Marilyn Shoemaker, as well as my daughter Christy Lively, my wife, Meg Shepherd, and several ward members; all of whom have contributed to this presentation in various ways. Special thanks also go to Christine and Rachel McPhie for formatting this presentation into a "Prezi." Questions or comments may be referred to the author at mark.shepherd.email@gmail.com


Disclaimer

FamilySearch.org makes research much easier!
We Must “Prune the Vineyard” to See What Temple Work Is Really Needed!

“Because the system facilitates access to information submitted to the Church over many decades from many sources, [Family Tree] may expose duplicate entries or errors. … Duplications and errors need correction, and no one can do it better than each individual for his or her own family.”

--Elder Russell M. Nelson (“Generations Linked in Love”, General Conference, April 2010)

Duplications and Errors Need Correction

Duplications and Errors Need Correction
--Elder Russell M. Nelson
“Because the system facilitates access to information submitted to the Church over many decades from many sources, [Family Tree] may expose duplicate entries or errors. … Duplications and errors need correction, and no one can do it better than each individual for his or her own family.”
(“Generations Linked in Love”, General Conference, April 2010)
See the full transcript