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Realism, Naturalism, Romanticism, and "The Three Sisters"

Theatre 105, Day 19
by Jean-Gerald Tartiere on 27 October 2012

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Transcript of Realism, Naturalism, Romanticism, and "The Three Sisters"

Realism
Naturalism
Romanticism 19th and 20th Century
Western Theatre Naturalism See 10/25 Prezi also! Realism Late 19th &
Early 20th Century ROMANTICISM Romanticism vs. Realism "The Three Sisters" A play by Anton Checkhov Trailer for Film CHARACTERS Prozorova Sisters Olga Masha Irina Andrei,
their brother Natasha,
Andrei's wife Fyodor Ilyich Kulygin,
Masha's husband Aleksandr Vershinin,
Masha's lover Anfisa,
Old Nurse Baron Nikolai
Lvovich Tuzenbach,
Irina's fiance Staff Captain Vassily
Vasilyevich Solyony,
in love with Irina &
kills the Baron in a duel Ivan Romanovich Chebutykin,
old family friend
of the Prozorovas Alexei Petrovich Fedotik,
sub-lieutenant, photographer &
in love with Irina Ferapont,
old door-keeper
with hearing loss Vladimir Karlovich Rode,
Sub-lieutenant Conflicts between
Chekhov & Stanislavski
about themes & direction of play. FIRST PRODUCTION
HISTORY First performed,
1901 at
Moscow Art
Theatre First directed by
Constanin
Stanislavski,
a realist. Written 1900 Themes Decay of Russia's
privileged class Search for meaning
in modern world Symbols Moscow/city =
Happiness Possibly based on
three Bronte sisters
(Charlotte, Emily, & Anne)
and their brother
Branwell Felt Realism did not
go far enough Truths via scientific
method & discovery Big in France Late 19th &
early 20th centuries "stark reality
with no compromise" "Naturalistic" Theatre
Working sets (real faucets, etc.)
No footlights/artificial lighting
No makeup on actors
Basic, realistic language/prose
Real clothes
Fourth Wall (Audience ignored.)
Deep psychological comprehension of character Emile Zola (1840 - 1902)
French Writer
Theatre as "slice of life"
Wrote play "Therese Raquin," first naturalistic drama Andre Antoine (1858 - 1943)
Founder of Theatre Libre ("Free Theatre")
Model for experimental theatres
Minute details in plays August Strindberg (1849 - 1912)
Swedish playwright
Later rejected naturalism
Wrote "Miss Julie," an influential naturalistic play Influence of Charles Darwin
& his theory of evolution &
survival of the fittest Andre
Antoine August Strindberg Emile
Zola 19th Century
Theatre Overview Emotional Truth
Over
Actual Reality Happiness pursued
through the realm
of the spiritual. Grand, sweeping,
"flamboyantly historical" Style Modern Example of Romanticism:
Moulin Rouge Film
(2001) Victor Hugo
(1802 - 1885)
"Hernani" Johan Wolfgang von Goethe
(1749 - 1832)
"Faust" (1808) Operatic, Expressive,
Bravado-filled
Acting Style "Your Song"
from Moulin Rouge film (2001) Henrik Ibsen (1828 - 1906)
Norwegian Playwright
Realistic Period: 1877 - 1890
Drama for Social Change; Social Realism
Hidden Middle-Class Suffering & Corruption
Plays
"A Doll's House" (1878)
Woman (Nora) leaves her husband
Still, Ibsen didn't feel he wrote "for the Women's Movement," just observed society
"Ghosts" (1881)
What happens when a woman stays with her abusive husband because social convention demanded it? Henrik Ibsen Anton Chekhov
Russian Playwright
Modern Realism
Compassionate Glimpses
into Fading Russian Upper-Class
Plays
"The Three Sisters"
"Uncle Vanya"
"The Cherry Orchard"
"The Seagull" Anton Chekhov George Bernard Shaw (1856 - 1950)
English/Irish Playwright
"Savage" Satire & "Obscene" Realism
Anthology: "Plays Pleasant and Unpleasant" (1898)
"Arms and the Man"
"Mrs. Warren's Profession" George Bernard Shaw Twentieth Century
Ameican Masters See Chart on Page 185 of "Theatre in Your Life" for
a Comparison of Romanticism, Realism & Naturalism Eugene O'Neill (1888 - 1953)
Four Pulitzer Prizes & Nobel Prize for Literature in 1936
Plays
"Moon for the Misbegotten"
"Long Day's Journey Into Night Tennessee Williams
(1914 - 1983)
Wrote about Faded Beauty & Faded Hope
Plays
"The Glass Menagerie"
"A Streetcar Named Desire" Lillian Hellman
(1905 - 1984)
Political Activist
Tightly Woven Plots
Plays Explore PsychologicalWeakness &
Expose Sympathy for Flawed Characters
Plays
"The Children's Hour"
"The Little Foxes" Arthur Miller
(1915 - 2005)
Social & Political Works
Struggles of the Common Man
Plays
"All My Sons"
"The Crucible"
"A View From the Bridge"
"Death of a Salesman" Nineteenth-Century Changes August Comte (1798 - 1857)
French Philosopher
Father of Modern Sociology
Believed scientific method could perfect
human society, not belief in divine beings/religion
Scientific method to benefit social, moral & intellectual concerns Karl Marx (1818 - 1883)
Believed in "Scientific Socialism"
Wrote "Communist Manifesto," 1848 Charles Darwin (1809 - 1882)
Possibly Most Influential Thinker of this period
Wrote "Origin of Species," 1859
Evolution through Variation & Natural Selection ("Survival of the Fittest")
Heredity & Environment Influence Evolution Sigmund Freud (2856 - 1939)
Father of Psychoanalysis
Theories of the Unconscious Mind, Sexuality, Repression, & Unconscious Motivations Influencing Behaviors, like "Oedipus Complex" Edmond Rostand
"Cyrano de Bergerac"
1897 The Actual Cyrano
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