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Human Growth & Development - Life Stages

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by Tammy Rastigue on 18 March 2013

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Transcript of Human Growth & Development - Life Stages

Life Stages Infancy Growth measurable physical changes that occur throughout a person's life Development the changes in intellectual, mental, emotional, social and functional skills that occur over time Stages:
Infancy: birth to 1 year
Early Childhood: 1-6 years
Late Childhood: 6-12 years
Adolescence: 12-18 years
Early Adulthood: 19-40 years
Middle Adulthood: 40-65 years
Late Adulthood: 65 and older As individuals pass through the different
stages, four main types of growth and
development occur: Physical:
body growth
height/weight changes
muscle/nerve development
changes in body organs Mental or Cognitive
intellectual development
learning to solve problems
make judgements
deal with situations Emotional
Feelings Social
Interaction and relationships
with others Infancy language of newborn is to cry
eat every 2-3 hours
uncoordinated movements
toothless
poor vision (focus range is 8-12 in)
usually double weight in 9 months
respond to human voice and touch Early Childhood 1 Year Old
Go from plump baby to leaner more muscular toddler
begin to walk and talk
better understanding of what is being said
tentative sense of independence
determined explorer 2 year old
begins to communicate verbally (name, etc)
can speak in 3-4 word sentences
famous for negative behavior
will play side by side other children but not actively with them
great imitators 3 year old
want to be like their parents
vocab & pronunciation continue to expand
climb stair with alternating feet
can briefly stand on one foot 4 year old
sentences are more complex
imagination is vivid
develops fears (fear of dark, animals, death) 5 year old
can hop on one foot & skip
can accurately copy figures
may begin to read
social with other children their age Late Childhood both large & small muscles well developed
developed complex motor skills
from independent activities to same sex group activities
acceptance by peers is very important
parental approval still important Adolescence traumatic life stage for child & parent
puberty occurs
extremely concerned with appearance
trying to establish self-identity
confrontations with authority Early Adult physical development complete
emotional maturity continues to develop
learn to accept responsibility for actions & accept criticism
know how to profit from errors
progress from age-related peer groups to people with similar interests Middle Adulthood Physical changes begin to occur
hair thins & grays
wrinkles appear
hearing & vision decrease
loss of muscle tone
Main concerns: children, health, job,
aging parents and fear of aging
Love & acceptance still take a major role Late Adulthood fastest growing age bracket of society
physical deterioration
some memory problems
coping with retirement and form of entertainment
very concerned with health & finances
significant number become depressed: suicide rate is high
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