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Wetlands and Agriculture: Partners for Growth

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by Ramsar Convention on 23 December 2013

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Transcript of Wetlands and Agriculture: Partners for Growth

Wetlands and Agriculture: Partners for Growth
World Wetlands Day 2014
Wetlands
are areas where water is the
primary factor controlling the
environment and the associated
plant and animal life.
is "the deliberate effort to
modify a portion of Earth's
surface through the cultivation
of crops and the raising of
livestock for sustenance or
economic gain".
Agriculture
Intensive vs Extensive
Rainfed vs Irrigated
Wetlands serve as natural infrastructure for agriculture, providing reliable water and fertile soils.
Wetlands and agriculture:
20%
of agricultural needs are met by irrigation; the rest is provided by rainfall.
This is highly variable around the world
70%
of all withdrawals from surface water and groundwater is used for agriculture
Wetlands which have been converted to support agriculture
Wetlands dependent on agriculture to maintain their ecological character
Wetlands maintained in a natural state for the production and harvesting of specific products
Wetlands created and managed expressly for agricultural purposes
Impacts
Interactions
of agriculture on wetlands
Wetlands are increasingly threatened by agriculture’s growing demands for land and water. Poorly managed agriculture can impact wetlands in many ways.
Wetlands used for agriculture can be:
Water quantity
Water quality
Loss and degradation of wetlands
19%
estimated increase by 2050 over current rates of global agricultural water consumption.
Finding the right balance
www.ramsar.org/WWD14
Agriculture focuses on managing and enhancing
provisioning ecosystem services

Adopting agricultural practices that help reduce impact on wetlands.
Restoring wetlands as an investment in the natural infrastructure used by agriculture.
... through local solutions and a combination of approaches:
Cuatrociénegas
Wildlife Protection
Area, Mexico
Oasis de
Ouled Saïd, Algeria
Marshes of Cotentin
and Bessin, France
Laguna de
la Cocha, Colombia
RamsarConventionOnWetlands
@RamsarConv
The photographs in this presentation are copyrighted.
They can be used in any adaptations of this presentation that you may prepare for a World Wetlands Day event.
They may not be used for any other purpose without prior permission of the individual photographers. Contact the Secretariat on ramsar@ramsar.org for further information.

Photo Credits
Soumya Bandyopadhyay Photography, Rice paddies
Ivan Yanchev, The Srebarna Ramsar Site in Bulgaria includes arable lands, forests, islets with reedbeds and a freshwater lake
Neil Palmer (CIAT), Trials of drought tolerant beans at CIAT's headquarters in Colombia
Erik Mork/Azote, Seaweed aquaculture in Zanzibar, Tanzania
Lia Papadranga, A coastal grazing marsh in the Axios Delta, Greece
Tim Tynan, Tribal members harvesting wild rice, Kakagon Bad River Sloughs Ramsar Site, USA
Tobias Salathé, Grybaulia fishponds, Lithuania
Karen Jenderedjian, Lake Burdur, Turkey, facing serious water loss mainly due to the construction of dams on tributaries for irrigation.
APFF Cuatrociénegas, Nopal, a vegetable made from the prickly pear, replaces high water-demanding crops in the Cuatrociénegas Ramsar Site
Boumezbeur, Human-made Ramsar Site, Algeria
Ikmo-ned on Wikimedia under CC-by-SA licence, Flooded marshes of Cotentin and Bessin Ramsar Site
Pool on Wikimedia under CC licence, Laguna de la Concha, Colombia

Managing land and water to produce not only food, but also socially valuable goods and environmental services ("multifunctional agroecosystems approach").
at the expense of
regulating
and
cultural services
.
See the full transcript